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The Almighty Buck

A Look Inside the BSA 458

die_jack_die writes: "SFGate is running this article about the Business Software Alliance. I'm sure the BSA loves when they get scary stories of their tactics into the press, but this piece does quote the EFF's Fred Von Lohman making the point that companies who don't want to deal with the BSA can always use Open Source software. Most telling quote: 'every cent of those massive settlements stays within the BSA -- member software organizations receive only the licensing fees.'"
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A Look Inside the BSA

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  • Or, vice-versa... (Score:4, Insightful)

    by ekrout ( 139379 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:51PM (#2970698) Journal
    ...making the point that companies who don't want to deal with the BSA [suing them for pirating software] can always use Open Source software

    Well, sure, you can use open source or free software whenever you'd like.

    You could also simply pay for the proprietary software that you need to use rather than stealing it. If I had my own company, I would make certain that we ran things properly, which would involve, among other things, not pirating software.
    • by cmowire ( 254489 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:55PM (#2970712) Homepage
      That's not the big problem here. The big problem is when the BSA goes after a company who is careful about their software licensing, but who didn't keep good enough records.

      Do you keep every single receipt? Remember what the article said, the box is not enough. The license often gets tossed out and only the manuals and maybe the box kept. And the receipt gets thrown out after some time.

      Does Fry's or Radio Shack visit my house on occasion to make sure that I can prove to them that every little piece of electronics in my house hasn't been stollen? Do the grocery stores inspect my fridge to make sure I didn't some sausages down my pants last time I shopped?
      • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:5, Interesting)

        by ekrout ( 139379 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:02PM (#2970764) Journal
        Does Fry's or Radio Shack visit my house on occasion to make sure that I can prove to them that every little piece of electronics in my house hasn't been stollen?

        Listen, buddy. As Richard Stallman points out, software is an entire different entity. It's very easily copied. It's easy to take those copies and transfer them. Therefore, the amount of damage that can be done by pirating software is massive and much larger than other more tangible products.

        And please don't give me the "well software should be free" argument. There are some custom applications that would never have been started (or completed) in the open source / free software world that are necessary for many folks. Using that as an excuse for pirating software is like saying an attractive woman deserves to get raped.
        • Okay, to put it another way, does Stephen King come to your house to make sure you don't have pirated copies of his books?

          Regarding 'software should be free,' I don't agree that there should be a total lack of copyright, but the value of an _ideal_ copyright scheme does not legitimize all copyright schemes.
        • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:5, Interesting)

          by cmowire ( 254489 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:13PM (#2970826) Homepage
          Oh, don't get me wrong. I wholeheartedly believe that it should be possible and encouraged for companies to charge for their software. You have spent too much time with Stallman wanabees that you are confusing that with my general distaste for strong-arm tactics.

          My point is, there are three categories that we can break companies down into. There are the companies who are anal and legal, where they make sure that every software license is recorded and accounted for. There are the companies who figure that it's their god-given right to pirate software. And then there are the companies who are, in fact, legal, but don't have the necessary documentation to convince the BSA, nor the money to fight them in court.

          The problem is that the BSA has done a knockout job of convincing corporations, especially large ones, to stay legal. Which leaves them the small companies, individuals, and strong-arm tactics to milk money from companies who don't necessarily keep good records.

          I mean, the biggest problem that most companies face with respect to software licenses right now is not any malicious effort on the part of the management, but instead the employee who installs Photoshop off of the network drive just because it hasn't been locked up properly and he/she doesn't quite understand that the company doesn't have a site license for everything.
          • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:2, Interesting)

            by morbid ( 4258 )
            The depressing thing is, that here in the UK they do similar things (to the BSA) with television licenses. Since I grew up and left home, I have never posessed a TV, yet they still insist on sending threatening letters every few months and someone to "inspect" my premises for an illegal television, or TV receiving equipment.
          • by Anthony Boyd ( 242971 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:40PM (#2971351) Homepage

            I would build on your post, and add one more problem with BSA's methods. That is, the company I work for was threatened with an audit, and, although we had licenses and came out unscathed, management was freaked out enough that they had to move two employees off their current tasks and onto documenting & proving our innocence. Aside from the fact that we had to spend money to prove we were good, there is the fundamental constitutional issue. In a US court of law, the burden is on the accuser to prove our guilt. I hate that the BSA's strong-arm tactics have cowed not just companies, but the US citizens working at those companies, who apparently don't understand their own rights. The burden of proof should be on the accuser.

        • by Carter Butts ( 245607 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:17PM (#2970850)
          Listen, buddy. As Richard Stallman points out, software is an entire different entity. It's very easily copied. It's easy to take those copies and transfer them. Therefore, the amount of damage that can be done by pirating software is massive and much larger than other more tangible products.

          Actually, your argument implies precisely the opposite: since the act of unauthorized copying does not remove the initial item being copied, such an act clearly does less damage in any conventional sense of the term than theft (i.e., the illegal removal of tangible goods). Indeed, unauthorized copying (in the context being discussed) can do only hypothetical damage to anyone, since the "damage" claim rests entirely on the hypothetical counterfactual that the copier would have purchased a copy if he/she had not instead resorted to unauthorized means.

          In any event, this is a non-sequiteur: the amount of "damage" which could, in principle, be done by unauthorized copying does not legitimately motivate the pre-emptive search of businesses or individuals for which there is not already reasonable grounds to suspect unauthorized copying. One does not have the authority to arbitrarily search others on the grounds that they may have committed some infraction against you; that firms have allowed the BSA to get away with such behavior is IMHO quite scandalous.


          • by letxa2000 ( 215841 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @10:23PM (#2971833)
            One does not have the authority to arbitrarily search others on the grounds that they may have committed some infraction against you; that firms have allowed the BSA to get away with such behavior is IMHO quite scandalous.

            What needs to happen is some company that has their licenses in order should tell the BSA to screw off. When BSA comes storming in with a court order the company should obviously comply. The BSA will find nothing. They should then sue the BSA for wrongful prosecution, sue for damages (lost productivity due to having to deal with them), treble damages, and hopefully get the process itself checked on constitutionality.

            The BSA has the right to sue. But the courts shouldn't be dishing out court orders for these kind of raids unless there's evidence of violation. A tip is heresey unless the tip comes with evidence--copies of email sent within the companying that acknowledge the presence of pirated copies, etc.

            Consider their acknowledged source of tips: disgruntled employees. Sure, they may have knowledge of violations. Or they might just be getting back at their ex-employer. They might not have any pirated copies, but the disgruntled employee will at least cause his ex-employer some headaches.

            Is a disgruntled employee really a reliable source for determining whether there is justification to violate somebody's (or some company) right to be free of unreasonable search and seizure?

            This needs to be tested constitutionally, but I think it'll require 1) A company with their licenses in order. 2) The company snubbing their noses at the BSA. 3) The company subsequently being raided. 4) The company sueing the BSA.

            Lots of "ifs" considering most companies are in business to make money, not test constitutionality issues. We can dream, though.

        • by RickHunter ( 103108 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:25PM (#2970909)

          Logical fallacy #1: Copyright infringement is a HELL of a lot less severe than rape or piracy. (The later of which used to result in a death penalty without trial. The only reason it still does not is because we've killed all the pirates.)

          Logical fallacy #2: Using RMS' philosophy to support one part of your argument, while directing another part towards knocking out the foundations of said argument. Software should be free to redistribute because making an additional copy has zero marginal cost.

          Logical fallacy #3: Exactly what damage is done by copyright infringement of software? My having a copy doesn't mean that you have fewer copies. Does my having a copy of your software do more damage to you than my stealing a truckful of electronics from Radio Shack does to them?

          Logical fallacy #4: If said applications did not exist, and there was a need felt for them, someone would provide them. (Under contract, if necessary) If they did not exist and no need was felt for them, they are unnecessary.

      • by indiigo ( 121714 )
        Yes... we keep excellent records. Were we to be audited, I could say with 100% certainty that we are 100% compliant. We keep track of all software before and after it is purchased. Users do not have permissions to load software on their own machines, from partners down to clerks.

        Games are not allowed on the network not because they screw with company time, but because in most cases we don't have the accompanying license to ensure it's legal.

        User's home machines that connect to our network are under a policy that states that we have not supplied them with any unlicensed software.

        Yes we pay for the closed-source software.

        No we don't spend a lot of money. We skip lots of versions and upgrade for truly functional reasons.

        We are evaluating open source software--as the MS "upgrade advantage" is not a route we want to be going.

        But it's very easy to stay compliant...

        Can you tell what kind of company we are?

        An intellectual property/patent law firm.

        Love us or hate us... we practice what we preach.
        • by WNight ( 23683 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @10:42PM (#2971901) Homepage
          I agree with the other poster. Post the name of your company and we'll get the BSA to audit you. We'll tell them you think their mothers are ugly, just to warm them up a bit.

          I'm sure that somewhere, on some old computer, is something they'll take offense to. Don't forget that if you ghost a drive onto a larger one, you're infringing. MS doesn't permit that. And even if they did, you'd need an extra license because for a while two copies exist.

          And have you really bought a new license when you change hardware? Don't forget that OEM Win 95 isn't allowed to be used as an upgrade unless you run it on the same hardware. It's really a clever way of making upgrades useless. Sure, upgrade to XP, but you won't be able to run it on your old hardware and you're not authorized to run it on the new stuff...

          I'm sure you intend to stay 100% within the law, and if intent mattered, you'd be safe. But there are so many provisions in EULAs that if you were to try to follow them all you basically wouldn't be able to compute.

          So come on, post your name, your company name, and preferably your boss's name, it'll save time in setting this up. Oh, a telephone number would save me the directory charges.
      • What I don't understand is what gives the BSA the right to come in and audit your software. Like the above poster says, why is it assumed that my business has pirated software? What ever happened to "innocent until proven guilty"? Seriously, maybe I'm just not familiar enough with how the BSA and related agencies work, but don't they need a warrant or something to come into a place of business and start shaking the IS department down for receipts?
    • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:3, Interesting)

      by The Man ( 684 )
      Well, sure, you can use open source or free software whenever you'd like. You could also simply pay for the proprietary software that you need to use rather than stealing it.

      If you do s/need/choose/ I'd tell you I couldn't have said it better myself. Stealing is wrong. So is wasting the investors' money on the Bill Gates and Larry Ellison Retirement Fund. Therefore, you should choose not to use proprietary software. Of course, if you do choose to use it, you should pay for it and follow all terms of the license.

      Seriously, the FSF should join the BSA in licensing crackdowns. It's called "product differentiation."

    • ...making the point that companies who don't want to deal with the BSA [suing them for pirating software] can always use Open Source software [Comments in brackets his]

      The issue is always not dealing with a BSA suit. What about dealing with BSA threats? What if they want to investiage you because of rumors or lies? What happens if you own 12 copies of Windows and 12 machines, but due to admin carelessness, two machines use the same serial number?

      You could also simply pay for the proprietary software that you need to use rather than stealing it.

      That won't stop their threats. That won't nessecarily stop them from investigating you. Even if all your software is legal, they can still waste your time going through your records on the matter.
    • when you have 100 or so employees milling about, you would be amazed what kind of stuff they will drag in and install when you aren't looking.

      And yes, I know all about policy editors and drive imaging and a lot of other things you can do to try to keep them from messing around with the systems or clean up after them when they leave for the day.

      The bottom line is, like a lot of other companies, we spend a measurable amount of time and money on compliance issues every year even though we have never pirated software. If it weren't for the BSA, or more precisely our ties to products made by their member companies (thanks AutoDesk), this would be much less of an issue for us.
    • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:4, Interesting)

      by geekoid ( 135745 ) <dadinportland&yahoo,com> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:10PM (#2970801) Homepage Journal
      except when some yahoo employ installs something he has at home.
      But tnats not really the point is it? Its about someone being ably to put you and your company ion a position of having to proe your innocents, as opposed to defend it. The worse part is The BSA will audit anybody, even based n anonymous tips, without substantiation. so could call up, and the next thing you know, your being audited. Then I let your share holders no, now your business could take a dip, and not recover.
      \Not to mention, the BSA billboards give me that "If your good, you'd tell on your parents" kind of creepiness.
    • Re:Or, vice-versa... (Score:5, Informative)

      by Anonymous Coward on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:19PM (#2970861)
      I know someone that was audited by the BSA and decided to fight it. Basically they countered by stating they wanted full disclosure of who reported them so as to determine the validity of the claim prior to wasting internal resources and dollars. They also argued that the reporting tools are a violation of privacy. Yes, they expected them to place some software on their network which scans their entire network not to mention each machine's registry. Third, they also argued that even if they were in violation of license, the license is between them and the vendor (after all, the license does not allow for the BSA as having legal proxy interests) and unless the vendor in questions decides that they'd like to personally persue the issue, the BSA does not have legal authority or the legal grounds to persue the action. Furthermore, they argued that even if something odd was discovered and they lost, only the government has the right to impose fines on legal matters as such and they would be within their legal rights to simply purchase any outstanding licenses or settle directly with the vendor in question and completely dismiss the BSA altogether thereby eliminating the need to pay any fines or added fees.

      Last I heard, even though two ex-employees had turned them in, the BSA simply walked from the issue as, from what I gathered, they really don't have a legal leg to stand on.
    • If I had my own company, I would make certain that we ran things properly, which would involve, among other things, not pirating software.

      You're obviously not familiar with the hastle and expense of keeping track of client licenses for all of M$'s nonsense. And by the way, not paying for proprietary software is not stealing, it's non-compliance with a license agreement on copyrighted software. For it to be stealing, someone would have to be missing that which you took. Perhaps you could call it cheating, but not stealing.
  • by guttentag ( 313541 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:54PM (#2970708) Journal
    this piece does quote the EFF's Fred Von Lohman making the point that companies who don't want to deal with the BSA can always use Open Source software.
    SHHH! Don't say that too loud. MS might catch on and release one "open source" product under a special license that requires users to submit to searches by the soon-to-be-formed subsidiary of the BSA: The Open Source Software Alliance!
  • by ellem ( 147712 ) <ellem52 AT gmail DOT com> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:56PM (#2970718) Homepage Journal
    It's a bad idea to fire your Sys Admin. They generally know where you've cut corners.

    A pissed Sys Admin can probably put you out of business.
  • by Aexia ( 517457 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:57PM (#2970724)
    I know many businesses and people have received the threatening letters that are sent out irrespective of whether they've bought anything from BSA members.

    What's the legal term for threatening someone with legal action but not following through with it? Barratry?

    It'd be interesting to see someone with balls and cash/time to burn file suit against the BSA to make a point...
  • Abuse? (Score:3, Interesting)

    by ( 142825 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @06:59PM (#2970734) Homepage
    Lets see, tell them off, then they raid you. Not because they have proof, but because you refuse to spend your money, time, and effort to appease them.

    Sounds ripe for a malicious prosecution claim.

    • Re:Abuse? (Score:4, Interesting)

      by cgleba ( 521624 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:06PM (#2971143)
      IANAL at all -- I've just seen a few episodes of Law and Order :).

      My questions to someone who is a lawyer or has more info are:

      1) Can a search-warrant (they call 'raid') be granted on heresay (testimony of one 'disguntled' witness [employee])? I thought that some form of substanitive proof is needed. . .or does the law change when corporations are considered?

      Heck, I don't even understand how an investigation [raid] can be allowed based on the testimony of a 'digruntled' ex-employee -- wouldn't it be VERY easy to discredit them based on their 'disgrntledness' and counter-sue if nothing was found out-of-order?

      2) This one has never been clear to me. If one lowly employee decides to install a pirated version of AutoCAD, is the entire company subject to a piracy suit or just that individual? I know that if the 'higher ups' authorize it the whole company is at fault, but what about an individual?

      I know that if I drive a bus and hit somthing the bus company can be sued, however if I drove the bus like a raving lunatic I could be sued personally (negligence?).

      Without knowing these two things I have no clue at all about the relevance of the BSA and this article.
  • ...I've never quite understood why the BSA has any power, I'm not sure why companies don't tell them to go fuck off and take their McCarthy hunt elsewhere.
    • Because they're authorized by a bunch of major software companies to look for such things.
      • Authorized? I'm not sure if that is the word. Microsoft can't authorize someone to come into my office and poke around. I believe only the government can do that, and only with proper documentation (ie. A warrant)

        They are paid by the companies to ferret out illegal uses. They get a tip, and I guess they use the as the basis for getting a warrant for a raid, since it is violating federal laws. (does the original company - like MS - need to be involved in the warrant process, cause I can't see how the BSA could have any stake in the infringment - kinda like the argument of NetPD for sony - they are not the copyright holder)

        I guess like the article said, the only reason companies put up with this and go along is that it is better than having Federal Marhsalls come in and take all your equipment. seems like a terrible abuse of power, but I wonder which is worse - trying to satisfy the BSA that it's all legal, or showing the feds that it is all legal, as I would think once the feds came in, the BSA would have nothing to do with it anymore.

        I wonder what happens if the BSA gets the feds to raid someone and can't find any infractions? Plant a CD-R?

        I think probably the first thing to do if contacted by the BSA would be to get to a lawyer. As others have said, a big audit just to satisfy some company who has no real knowledge other than an anonymous tip/tips is outrageous.

        Suite Sister Mary - great song!
  • reminds more of the EU than, say, the RIAA.

    Where the RIAA is pretty damned ruthlessly effective, the EU has far too much internal squabbling (due to pride, years of political conflict, whatever) to be really effective. Give the EU ten more years of so before they become really, really strong.

    Likewise, when I think about the BSA, I think about a bunch of tech companies that often have conflicting agendas. Sure, they want a common set of defenses and legal standards (like the RIAA), but each company individually will look to make the most advantageous moves for itself, which will often undermine the strength of the group. Unless, said company is compensated by the entire group to keep the company from undermining the group.

    The BSA doesn't scare me just yet. I'll give them a shorter time than the EU - say 5 years - to become really, really powerful. Until then, the BSA is only as strong as the strongest company within the BSA. As soon as members of the BSA want to make a decision that conflicts with the larger, more powerful companies in the BSA, the big companies will leave the BSA. Or ignore it altogether.
  • When they come to raid your company, just reboot into linux, bsd, or whatever. Then ask, "What software?"
    • Then weep as they reformat your boxes, install Windows, and run their network software finders.
      • by Tackhead ( 54550 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:34PM (#2971318)
        > When they come to raid your company, just reboot into linux, bsd, or whatever. Then ask, "What software?"
        > Then weep as they reformat your boxes, install Windows, and run their network software finders.

        "Yes, Your Honor. When we came in, all 20 FOOCORP employees were running Linux on their workstations. Our agents had to reformat their hard drives and install Windows on them to run our Windows-based network software finders. The software-finders discovered 20 copies of Windows in the office. FOOCORP admit to having no Windows licenses. Please find FOOCORP guilty of 20 counts of infringment."

    • I don't think that woudl cut it, they would most likely start taking your computer apart at that point.
      • at which point I call my local PD and let them sort out details of search warrants and the like.

        The BSA is not a law-enforcement organization sanctioned by any government and as such has no power over me.
        • Re:Use Dual Boots (Score:3, Insightful)

          by LWolenczak ( 10527 )
          The BSA has the pratice of getting an injunction against you before they go knocking at your door. With that, they get to have the cops there, and the cops are forced to be on their side.
  • Cost of pirating (Score:4, Insightful)

    by murphj ( 321112 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:00PM (#2970749) Homepage
    From the article:

    The BSA estimates that pirated software was responsible for about $3 billion in lost revenues to software publishers in the U.S. in 2000 -- although, to be strictly fair, that number assumes that every copy of stolen software would have been bought if it weren't stolen, which inflates the number somewhat.

    It's good to see someone in the press finally taking those numbers with a grain of salt. Somehow I don't think evry kid who downloads Photoshop and Illustrator would have purchased a copy.
    • Perhaps I'm just a troll, but doesn't Microsoft claim that when it steals ideas from other companies, it's not really stealing because it costs Microsoft so much to develop their own version of the technology? It's innovating.

      If that's the measuring stick, couldn't one argue that pirating Office isn't stealing because he had to tie up his phone line for a week to download the installer?

      Disclaimer: I think piracy is wrong, but Devil's Advocate is an important role to play.

  • by crotherm ( 160925 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:01PM (#2970759) Journal
    How hard would it be for a disgruntled employee to knowingly install software without proper licenses, then call BSA? No where is it mentioned that individuals will suffer, only the company. Of course the company can then take action against the employee if they can find them.

    Even if your comapny does pay for all its software, being forced to audit yourself costs money. Unless people making false reports are held liable, this system can and probably will be abused.
    • by Anonymous Coward
      How hard would it be for a disgruntled employee to knowingly install software without proper licenses, then call BSA?

      (posting anon for obvious reasons)

      Well, that's exactly what happened to us. I was asked to to a software inventory by my employer. I sent out an email warning employees to remove any personal applications or software that didn't belong to the company. When I went around and did the inventory I determined we were compliant with our licensing.

      Next thing I know my boss tells me the BSA is demanding either a $25,000 payment. They totally discounted our software inventory that we did because of a tip from an ex-employee. So even though we were totally compliant, they refused to let our company off. Either pay the $25,000 now, or go to court and risk paying all legal fees plus $150,000 for each piece of software the BSA manages to "prove" we stole.

      My boss didn't want to go through all that. He succumbed to the intimidation, and cut the BSA a $25,000 check. FOR NOTHING.

      This is a true story. I wish I was making this up, but sadly, its reality.

  • Burden of Proof (Score:3, Interesting)

    by HBergeron ( 71031 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:03PM (#2970767)
    Trying to draw on group expertise here - can someone tell me what provisions of which law(s) lay the burden of proof on the the businessman, and not on the accusor?

    This sounds like a provision that got slipped through when no one was looking, and the BSA has managed to keep it off the agenda ever since. I imagine the US Chamber of Commerce would get some support from their members to make this law a little more balanced. It's not that I support IP abuse, but the sheer arrogance of a guilty until proven innocent presumption in any piece of legislation is too galling to let pass .

    If someone can get me the information (preferably original bill and USC reference) I will happily see it to a place where it can do some good.
    • The burden of proof IS on the accuser.

      "Unless you prove to us that you have not pirated our software, we will turn it into a court proceeding"

      THe burden of proof is still on the accusor.
      • Re:Burden of Proof (Score:4, Interesting)

        by HBergeron ( 71031 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:47PM (#2971043)
        That's not the point. The reason it doesn't get to court, it appears, is that even in court the defendant is forced to prove that every copy of its' software is properly licensed, no allowances for flighty employees, bad record-keeping, or loss of records in flood/fire/weasel mishap. The accuser should have to prove that a unlicensed piece of software was being used - particularly given the incredibly intrusive access they have to the defendants operations.

        The only body generally allowed to hold you responsible for lost paperwork is the IRS, and we regularly knock them about the head to the point where they've become a bit timid about abusing this power. Delegating this kind of power to a NGO was never Congressional intent, that I can promise you.
  • How did the Boy Scouts of America get wrapped up in all this?
  • mad at the BSA (Score:5, Offtopic)

    by supernova87a ( 532540 ) < minus language> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:04PM (#2970772)
    I'm not pissed off that the BSA can sue a company for using unlicensed software. That's fine. Go after them on your own time, with all the legal resources you can afford.

    What pisses me off is that they can get the assistance of the US government (in the form of US Marshals) to "raid" companies suspected of using that software.

    Why doesn't it work the other way? Why don't we have the US Marshals raid Microsoft when they produce security-hole-ridden software that causes a small business to lose millions? Why should our government always be on the side of the big business?
    • Re:mad at the BSA (Score:5, Interesting)

      by Lemmy Caution ( 8378 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:20PM (#2970867) Homepage
      By no means just in the US. The BSA has garnered the support of dozens of governments, often in questionable circumstances. In Latin America, there's cases of collusion between government officials and the BSA, in which the government brings the fury of the BSA on companies which are politically unpopular or threatening, or even onto non-governmental and non-profit organizations that are doing work the governments don't like.
    • What pisses me off is that they can get the assistance of the US government (in the form of US Marshals) to "raid" companies suspected of using that software.

      They do it because there is a law against using unlicensed software. It's called "stealing".

      Why don't we have the US Marshals raid Microsoft when they produce security-hole-ridden software that causes a small business to lose millions?

      Because there is no law against producing security-hole-ridden software. That's called "caveat emptor".

      Why should our government always be on the side of the big business?

      Because people who work at "big businesses" are citizens, too.

      • They do it because there is a law against using unlicensed software. It's called stealing.

        No, it's called copyright infringement, which is a civil offense. Stealing is a criminal offense

  • Man... (Score:3, Funny)

    by athakur999 ( 44340 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:04PM (#2970773) Journal
    I didn't realize the Boy Scouts of America were so evil.
  • by gillbates ( 106458 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:07PM (#2970790) Homepage Journal
    receiving such a letter can cause both stress and monetary losses as the company attempts to chase down software-purchase information.

    Which is a reason enough for most companies to switch vendors. Once this starts happening on a widespread basis, open source software will be a much easier sell to business.

    Trust me, if the BSA contacted my company on behalf of a software vendor, that vendor would lose his account with my company. Though I do as much as I can to ensure license compliance, I will not do business with a company that has an adversarial attitude toward me. If a vendor believes that I am running unlicensed or underlicensed copies of software, it would be better for them to ask if they can perform an audit at their own expense rather than sending the BSA after me.

    On a lighter note, it is the mere existence of the BSA which encourages me to use and recommend open source software as much as possible. I believe the BSA is hurting vendors more than helping them.

    • I've got some first hand experience and comparisons from around here. Especially a few years back, Microsoft over here in Finland made it their policy to talk about licensing instead of letting BSA do the work. They'd ask people from your company to come over, they offer a meal, demonstrate some programs and do some usual advertisement tricks. Then they talk about licenses, licensing methods and they've usually done some background work on your company, helping to find a licensing solution. After a little talk, they'll get back to you and you'll usually find some good way to arrange licenses. "But I don't have all licenses in order now" you might tell them, and they'll respond kindly and suggest that maybe you should check them out now.

      In comes BSA - everyone's doomed, everyone goes to hell and nobody passes go, but BSA certainly collects more than $200. You show them licenses, they'll claim you're hiding something. You show them invoices, they ask you are they forged. In the end, they're never saying it's okay, they're never wanting to solve things - they're just SO certain that every company is an evil pirate, or perhaps at least a place to turn into an incident.

      I don't like a LOT of things about microsoft, including their customer service most of the time, their programs and their 72 million IIS bugs, but I won't lie to myself here - they want to make solutions, BSA wants to make war. BSA uses aggression, fear and often, VERY rude and offensive language. Of course they have nice people there too but it seems they're a minority. I -really- hope this is all just me seeing a number of bad days for them.

      So, who do you want talk to about licenses today?
      • I suspect that a big chunk of this is the difference between being a software vendor and a gobetween. Microsoft believes that they're going to keep doing business with you in the future. Screwing up their relationship with you will cost them more in lost business than the immediate benefit of the increased licensing money, so they play reasonably nice. The scariest thing they can imagine is somebody looking for good alternatives to their software, and obnoxious licensing audits are one such thing.

        The BSA, OTOH, is not in the business of selling software themselves. They don't have to worry about doing business with you in the future, so they have no incentive to be nice about things. They just want to beat you upside the head and extract money out of you, so predatory and obnoxious behavior that makes you hate them is no problem. In many ways, a reputation for ruthlessness is beneficial for their business, since it means they can extort money from future victims even more easily.

  • by rbeattie ( 43187 ) <> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:10PM (#2970803) Homepage
    I don't think there's any other group in the world that can promote free software as well as the BSA can. I mean, the more BSA extortional "warning letters" that are sent or jack-booted thugs that come raiding into offices, the more that IT organizations are going to look for alternatives.

    It's been argued on Slashdot before that more people would take free software seriously if they had to pay for all the stuff they use already. I agree. I say, good, make them pay up (plus penalties!), then they'll get a clue and stop using M$.

    I don't think there should be anyone on Slashdot that's one bit against the BSA. Go BSA, go!

    • Running OSS won't stop them. Running obviously non-intel hardware won't stop them. They don't care, and due to the wonderful aegis of the 'anonymous tipster,' they don't need a legitimate reason.
      • " Running OSS won't stop them. Running obviously non-intel hardware won't stop them. They don't care, and due to the wonderful aegis of the 'anonymous tipster,' they don't need a legitimate reason."

        Running OSS software is the ONLY solution.

        The BSA's teeth is provided by the byzantine EULA's that you agree to by using most proprietary software. The EULA's usually force YOU to agree to BSA "audits" at YOUR expense.

        You are agreeing to private police.

        The only way you can legally tell the BSA to "fuck off" is to not play the proprietary software game.

      • Running OSS won't stop them. Running obviously non-intel hardware won't stop them. They don't care, and due to the wonderful aegis of the 'anonymous tipster,' they don't need a legitimate reason.

        Yes, but they still need "weight of evidence" to make the accusation stick in court. I'd guess that simply not helping them, letting them run up costs in a battle they cannot win, and then filing a massive counter-suit for harrassment (with additional punative damages, of course) could be a very effective deterrent to future action. (Then again, IANAL, and perhaps this would be too expensive to be a reasonable strategy (even given the high probability of a payoff in the end).)

        One almost envisions OSS firms acting like little tar pits...every one the BSA crosses could cost it vast sums of money, in addition to undermining its credibility. How many of these could the BSA afford to attack, I wonder?


  • by sid_vicious ( 157798 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:11PM (#2970806) Homepage Journal
    According to Blank and Kruger, the burden of proof is on the targeted company.

    When did I stop living in America?
    • The moment you first clicked your approval of an EULA.
      • Clicking acceptance of an EULA is not an explicit agreement to a contract. That EULAs say differently is irrelevant. There are many points in the law that demonstrate the EULA's are not contracts. Here's just one:

        Consideration. You get the software and the company doesn't get anything, so there's no consideration. Remember, you purchased the software *before* you clicked the "I Agree" button. No exchange has taken place. These companies CANNOT tell you that you can't use the software after you have legally acquired it. If they need some damn contract to keep their lawyers happy, then they damn well had better be there at Fry's with with a contract for me to sign at the time of my purchase.
    • According to Blank and Kruger, the burden of proof is on the targeted company.

      When did I stop living in America?

      Not that this makes what they do any less dispicable, but the burden of proof to avoid a lawsuit is on the target company (as it would be in a motion to dismiss the lawsuit). If there is actual litigation, the burden would fall to the BSA.
  • by da_Den_man ( 466270 ) <dcruise @ h o t> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:12PM (#2970813) Homepage

    Most companies come back with a different settlement number, and we negotiate," says Jenny Blank, the BSA's director of enforcement. "I'm not going to say they're cheerful about it, but they recognize that this is probably easier and less expensive than taking the case to court."

    This is just amazing that they can organize a settlement without even investigating the actual accounting of the licenses. If I have a license and no receipt, does that mean I stole the software? I would think just the opposite. It means I legally purchased the software and did not keep the receipt.

    My question has to be, if they are judging the settlement on how long the software has been in use, who's to say it was loaded and EVER used? I have a ton of software that I NEVER use, but it is still loaded on the system. Mostly because I am waiting on an update, or patch, or Service Pack for it before I devote any type of time to running it.

    BSA = Extortion, plain & simple.

  • I just remember the Computer Stew episode when he tried to turn himseft in for a pirate copy of MS Office. - He tried the BSA, Police, Mayor, Attorey General, and Microsoft. At the end of the program they said something like "And what have we learned today? - If you pirate software, you might just go to jail - yeah, if you have the patience."
  • by Telastyn ( 206146 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:21PM (#2970878)
    Ever notice how both "organizations" hide behind that term usually reserved for not-for-profit aid groups, or otherwise innoxious group?

    Ever notice how both groups generally exist for the seemingly sole purpose of badgering people with an army of lawyers behind a veil of "good"?

    Ever notice the striking similarity between L Ron and Bill Gates?

    Coincidence? I think not.

    The previous post was meant as humor, and in no way meant liabel towards the BSA, The Church of Scientology, the ghost of L Ron, or Bill Gates' stupid grin (tm). All of my software is legitimate Microsoft(tm) software!
  • I've heard that google takes a CD, that has something called 'linux' on it, and they install it on, like thousands of computers, without like paying any money..

    So, whats my reward for this hot tip?
  • by Restil ( 31903 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:23PM (#2970884) Homepage
    If you want to find out if I own the software, fine. YOU find out. Am I really obligated to show you evidence that I purchased software?

    I know a police raiding looking for stolen equipment runs checks on the serial numbers. If the serial numbers come back clean, I'm not obligated to prove to them that I legally purchased it. They have to prove that it was stolen property to begin with or they have no case. Granted, having a box of receipts for everything gets them out the door faster as well as making your life a whole lot easier in the case of a mistake.

    But for the BSA, who by the way is not a law enforcement agency, to require evidence of ownership does not extend to being provided with purchasing records. The certificate of ownership should be sufficient. Of course, I could stockpile those in case I fear they're coming, but I could just as easily format the harddrives.

    In fact, that might not be a bad idea. Force all data, and I mean ALL data to be stored on network servers running free software, and only use proprietary boxes as workstations. Ghost those machines and nuke them every night. Receiving a command from the network completely wipes all machines on the network (except the fileservers).

    I don't condone piracy, but I also don't endorse nazi style tactics. There is NO reason that a company that acts in good faith in purchasing software licenses who makes an honest mistake should be raked over the coals because some errant employee installed an extra copy of office in the wrong place.

  • I hate the BSA, the only protect large companies intellectual property rights and don't fight for what Is right, they strong arm for the highest bidders, name, Microcrap. I hate the BSA, I have enforcers and chastisers and people who help to create monopolies. I don't know how these animals sleep at night. I'm a conservative, freedom loving capitalist, but the Monopoly and Oligopoly crap and all the B2B commerce associated with such is crap.

    Imagine this, a pissed off jerk employee (who was probably fired because he stunk, and losers always whine the most), reports to the BSA false information, just to get back. Who pays for the time it takes to perform the audit if there were no infraction?

    Also, the BSA sucks because the don't help enforce violators of GNU/GPL/LGPL/Free licenses from Open Source companies and intellectual property holders.

    I think the BSA is a crock of shit. I think they make money off of terrorizing businesses. Why don't these fold go to China and do some real work on piracy, because when the numbers come in, American companies barely steal compared to the rest of the world.

    Recently Adobe stopped localizing to the Chinese language. No BSA over there to stop real hard cope IP theft. No, they have to harass innocent businesses who are FORCED to buy licenses for Microsoft crap when the buy a computer from any major vendor.

    Death to BSA. They like a roving band of out of control lawyers working for monopolies. I think it should be legal to shoot a BSA auditor dead if he trespasses on your business's property.
  • by isaac ( 2852 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:23PM (#2970886)
    Ah, the BSA. I love these guys - their tactics help free (libre) software more than they may realize.

    In my former life as a contract sysadmin I had several clients who specifically requested free software be used to build new systems or to replace licensed commmercial software with equivalent functionality. One major reason I got, especially in the latter case, was the desire to be rid of licensing hassles. The lower upfront cost helped, but this was usually less significant as they were already paying $$$ to contract me to implement whatever.

    License compliance creates not just paperwork hassles but can shut down a business when, e.g. a license server fails/license key is accidentally deleted by clueless admin/clueless admin forgets to renew licenses/vendor goes under without a way to extend licenses or purchase additional keys. And this doesn't even cover security problems - did you hear the one about MS Office for Mac OS X? By spoofing product keys one can shut down every copy on the network, blocking use and causing unsaved work to be lost.

    Now I'm a law student who salivates at the thought of the BSA getting its comeuppance - one of these days, I would not be surprised to learn that the BSA had organized a raid that shut down business at a company that turned out to be fully compliant. (Yes, I know full compliance with commercial licenses is virtually impossible in a large organization, but let me dream!) I can imagine hefty lawsuits arising... actually, this might have already happened. The BSA could have settled such a case with a settlement agreement that required confidentiality. I wonder, though, if one day a BSA raid will cause sufficient monetary damages (or a sufficiently cranky CEO) to make settlement impossible and allow a messy and public trial to go forward.

    God, that would be sweet!

    And yes, I have proof of valid license/purchase for every shred of commercial software on my machines. (Which is not much - just Win98SE, MS Office 2000, and Half-life/CS on my windows partition.)

  • Last time I checked, everything you "buy" when it comes to software says "This software is licensed, not sold".

    Doesn't this mean, if you have paid for at least one copy of the software, then it's not piracy, but instead a contract disagreement?
  • by StevenMaurer ( 115071 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:36PM (#2970981) Homepage

    This has got to be the biggest puff piece I've seen in quite some time.

    The BSA doesn't launch frivolous investigations, of course.

    Oh, of course they don't. Only absolutely non-frivolous investigations costing perfectly innocent companies time and lost profits.

    So how do we know it isn't frivolous?

    When a lead comes in, the organization compares it with information from software publishers and credit-rating corporations like Dunn & Bradstreet.

    In other words... they only want to target companies with a good credit rating. Remember the first rule of lawsuits: only sue people with money!

  • Great hidden quote (Score:3, Insightful)

    by rgmoore ( 133276 ) <> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:38PM (#2970990) Homepage

    It's amazing how it takes them several pages before the article stops looking like a press release from the BSA, but there are actually some interesting comments when you get a bit deeper into the article. I thought that the following was very interesting:

    The BSA estimates that pirated software was responsible for about $3 billion in lost revenues to software publishers in the U.S. in 2000 -- although, to be strictly fair, that number assumes that every copy of stolen software would have been bought if it weren't stolen, which inflates the number somewhat.

    That's the first time I can ever remember a news outlet that didn't buy the "every copy would have been paid for" line of crap from the BSA. Even here, though, it's pretty weak. Assuming that every copy would have been paid for inflates the numbers more than "somewhat". If the BSA isn't careful, though, the news is going to stop telling just their side of the story soon.

  • by Archfeld ( 6757 ) <> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @07:44PM (#2971021) Journal
    We received a BSA audit notice. We replied, yeah good luck, and told them they could go climb a tree. We received a note saying that the BSA was authorized by our software suppliers to perform this audit and refusal was a violation of our software license. We called several software suppliers and informed them that we were changing companies due to BSA interference, M$ was one of the companies contacted. Within 48 hours the BSA went away and we've not heard back. Their tactics are low and barely legal, you have all kinds of recourse in regards to this kind of issue.
  • There is a point that I think generally has been missed - The BSA gets a whole boat load of money for each "successful investigation", and it gets to keep every penny. Is this scary to anyone else? Its obvious that at some point, income will be more important than actually catching legitimate pirated software.

    It seems to me that in the interest of making everybody's salary, they would be like Ken Starr - they would just keep going and going until they found some questionable software. There are a million ways to attack.

    What if they started going back to Windows 3.1 and beyond? Many businesses still run these old systems (we do for testing). Do *you* know where your DOS 3.1 reciept is?

    And imagine this: They start offering rewards for successful tips. Hey, there would be no end to the money.

    Very, very scary.
  • At least if your familiar with OSHA. That's the american quasi-governmental group responsible for making sure employers provide a safe working environment. Thinks like making sure there are no open pits to fall in without signage or railings, certified persons for work in hazardous places, down to the office chairs we cube farmers work in have some baseline in terms of back support and stability.

    The paralell is that up until OSHA was spun off from the governments payroll the fines doled out would be a few thousand bucks or so for some major mishaps / industrial accidents. Businesses in some cases considered the fines a cost of doing business.

    Now that the organization is self funded. All of a sudden we saw companies getting fined $100,000+ for cronic problems and $1,000,000+ if someone dies on the job. All of a sudden it's painful and they fix stuff rather than continue to pay X $$ per day something isn't fixed or work has stopped.

    The BSA has similar, but more underhanded reasons for doing that they do. They use the threat of fines and bad publicity to get money to validate they're own existance rather than seeking real change in licensing agreements to something that allows licensing after the fact and such.

    Good argument for open source / free software - though as pointed out elsewhere for a great deal of niche markets the software just doesn't exist.
  • Personally, I don't think that the DOJ and the Attorneys General are moving quickly enough, nor are they seeming to come down on Microsoft hard enough.

    I need maybe two geeks from every state in America to contact the BSA to report their state's Attorney General office for not being in compliance with their software licensing.

    When the BS of A breaks down their doors with guns drawn, maybe then they will see what kind of monster Microsoft has turned into.

  • Only do this if you're legit. Completely.

    Run a successful business and have lots of cash reserves for lawsuits. Run ONLY open source software, no possible way you could be found guilty of IP theft.

    Then hire someone. Have ALL your employees constantly talk about how brazen the company is about copying all the software without paying for ANY of it, it was all downloaded off the internet.
    Set your computers up to LOOK like windows. Get a theme that looks that way and make sure your new hire is sufficiently dufus enough to not figure out the difference. As far as he's concerned, he's using windows, office, photoshop, etc.

    Then one day, get one of those BSA extortion letters and brag loudly (so he hears you) about how messed up they are, how they couldn't do anything to you if they wanted to, how you'll keep copying software and give the BSA the middle finger, etc etc.

    Then piss off that employee and fire him. If all goes right, he'll run to the BSA and paint a pretty picture for them.

    Refuse to cooperate with them in any way, until you get raided. Then sue them back to the stoneage.

    oh well.. I can dream can't I? :)

  • I saw it during the Super Bowl last Sunday. Something about "Where do terrorists get their money? If you buy pirated software, some of it might come from you.".

  • by Lumpy ( 12016 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:08PM (#2971155) Homepage
    If EVERYONE told the BSA to shove it up their ass and forced the BSA to file court papers, get a judge to issue a search warrent and use police forces to gain access they would cease to exist in less than 12 months.

    but everyone caves instantly and quietly pay's their extortion... this is pure Bullcrap and we all know it. this needs to end and it needs to end now.. Make them pay through the nose like everyone else has to.
  • by Odinson ( 4523 ) on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:43PM (#2971359) Homepage Journal
    que catchy tune

    Pan to coffee shop.

    Geek1: Hey we are having a BSA party this weekend wana come?

    Geek2: Huh, what's a BSA party?

    Geek3: Just remember to act scared at first, it makes it more fun

    Geek1: I'll make the call this time

    Geek1 picks up cell phone and starts dialing.

    Flash to new scene, big server room all three geeks sitting behind Internet terminals. Zoom to door view. A loud bang insues. Voice behind door: "US Martials open up, we have a warrant."

    Geek 1: comming

    Geek 1 walks to door and opens it cops and serious looking guys in black suits run inside and start connecting laptops to hubs and switches.

    BSA Agent: We've got you now scumbag, BSA!

    BSA Agent2: We recieved anonymous tip, we understand you haven't bought a single software licence for any of these computers!

    BSA Agent3: We have you now, there must be hundreds of servers here.

    Geek2:(looking scared) Busted...

    Geek 3:We will cooperate fully.

    clock hands spin around

    zoom back to scene... everyone is standing around a large screen . Geek 1 is playing with some cool themed desktop

    BSA Agent2: I've never seen anthing like it...

    Cop 1:It's so cool

    flash to next scene, all the cops and agents are playing first person shooters and yelling at each other. A big LAN party.

    Flash to next scene, big nurf war some cops are drinking beer in the corner with their shirts open. The drinking cops and geek 3 are singing together...

    Flash to next scene. Things are quiet, Police and men are slowly walking towards the door, heads down.

    BSA Agent2: (looks up)That was great. I'm really sorry, you are such nice guys. I quit!

    BSA Agent 1:(looking very sincere he puts his hand on geek 1's shoulder) Sorry. We were wrong.

    Everybody walks out. Door closes behind him geek 3 turns to geek 2.

    Geek 3: They lose more guys that way.

    pause blinking servers are visible in background

    Geek 2: (confused) OK... How did you do that? play catchy song, fade out...

    write across black screen "Linux"

  • by dh003i ( 203189 ) < minus physicist> on Thursday February 07, 2002 @08:44PM (#2971370) Homepage Journal
    (1) Companies should be warned of an audit ahead of time.

    (2) Should a "raid" be conducted on a company, the BSA should not be present. The BSA is not the government and has no business on official law business.

    (3) The closeness of the BSA to federal law agencies is troubling. It seems like they say "Check them out" and the Feds check them out. A money-gribing organization shouldn't have that much influence on federal law enforcement.

    (4) Companies shouldn't have to prove anything. They shouldn't have to prove they have legit software. The BSA should have to prove -- beyond a reasonable doubt -- that the companies don't have legit software. The principle of beyond a reasonable doubt shouldn't be disconsidered just because its a civil suit and not a criminal case. The reason we assume innocence until proven otherwise in a crminal case is because the state has vastly more resources than the individual, and its difficult to "prove" your innocent. The same should be true in lawsuits (where the filing party has vastly more resources, at least).

    (5) Companies found to have pirated software should only have to pay the cost of the software, OR should have the option of forfeiting the software (that is, removing it from their system). Lets face it, in hard money, no software company loses ANYTHING when a someone pirates their software if they weren't going to buy it otherwise.

    (6) I'm not a fan of intellectual property anyways. I think all current types of IP should be scaled back to five years, and their scope should be drastically reduced; but that's another story.
  • by werdna ( 39029 ) on Friday February 08, 2002 @12:34AM (#2972339) Journal
    There is no substitute when dealing with bullies like the BSA: make sure you are well-advised. They misrepresent the extent of their powers and advantages in these threatened litigations, wildly mistate their rights under the law and appropriate burdens of proof; but they do have significant advantages that you should never underestimate.

    While BSA likes to compare themselves to other licensing enforcement operations, such as ASCAP/BMI, there are fundamental differences, and at the end of the day, these can make substantial differences in the result if you are willing to duke it out.

    A truly compliant entity, even poorly documented, can turn the tables powerfully on such a bully. Indeed, even a party who is slightly out-of-compliance can do so, by using a number of devices available at law, such as Offers of Judgment, to turn the tables or test the will of a BSA threat. (Indeed, it may be wise -- again YMMV -- to consider filing a preemptive declaratory judgment action against them for several reasons.)

    ASCAP/BMI, when asked, will produce actual opinions of actual cases where they have collected actual damages at trial in comparable enforcement scenarios. Ask a similar question of the BSA -- they will cite to the cases of the Performing Rights Societies and not to those of the BSA.

    Ex parte seizures or searches can backfire seriously as well. A 6th Circuit case not too long ago found that a defendant who can show a seizure to have been improper can proceed past a motion to dismiss on a civil rights and trespass claim not only against the overreaching plaintiff, but also against their attorneys. It is a good idea to put them on notice of this fact early in the correspondence.

    And from this article, I learned something quite interesting -- their constituents only get the license fees, they retain the multiples they extract. Not so with Performing Rights Societies, who, as understood, are non-profit entities that return their proceeds after costs to the composers and rights owners they represent.

    It is therefore essential to get solid representation from someone who knows what they are doing. A stone wall could expose you to substantial liability. On the other hand,

    Please do not consider any of the above to be legal advisc beyond the following: get a lawyer who is highly competent in this area to advise you. Specific legal advise is highly fact-dependent, and subtle differences in facts can often necessitate dramatically different strategies. Accordingly, no "cookbook" or single posting can provide you with a clear, definitive solution -- get competent advice and act on it.
  • by geekotourist ( 80163 ) on Friday February 08, 2002 @01:24AM (#2972516) Journal
    With penalties this high no one except the largest companies can fight it- and that's wrong. You'll fight a traffic ticket because you can afford to lose. What if the original ticket was $100,000, with a "negotiated" fine of $1,000? This is extortion, not a negotiation- you'll accept whatever the court says because you cannot risk losing. Not to mention if *you* had to show that you didn't speed, even a little bit, and lack of evidence = proof of guilt. Extraordinary fines should require extraordinary proof, but instead the BSA has you do all the work, and even if you are entirely innocent you can still get hit.

    Or, are the BSA members willing to accept the same rules for their own activities? Would they accept a Software Consulting Association that can send audit letters out checking for late payments to consultants? If you've paid a consultant more than 30 days late, you get fined $200k. Or an Hourly Workers Association- you have to prove you've never underpaid hourly workers, or its $50k. How about a Pricing Gun Mistake Association- if the grocery store misprices an item, you get $600. Not double the difference, or 10x, but 1,000x for each instance.

    No, they wouldn't, because the rules that the BSA use wouldn't work if applied to all of society. Unless a mistake can cause extraordinary harm, you don't usually get to treat mistakes like a felony! What makes the BSA so special? Earlier people wrote about OSHA- at least that affects life and health. We tend to allow bigger fines for that. But is software piracy that much worse than discharging toxic substances into waterways (max fine $125,000)? Misbranding a drug in interstate commerce (max fine $100,000)? Violating the Sherman Antitrust Act (the fine listed in Section 3571 (d) is "not more than the greater of twice the gross gain or twice the gross loss" caused by the conduct...)?

    In this Slashdot / Salon / LATimes coverage we saw Microsoft / BSA vs the LA School District, [] where "hundreds" of unlicensed copies were found. the threat was $150,000 fine for each copy of a $100 per license product. ($100 at best. 1/3 was MSDOS, and schools get very good rates). They "negotiate" down to a $300,000 total fine, and the school district probably felt very grateful for this kindness of the BSA.

    This is a 150,000% fine negotiated down to a 1,000% fine. (or 1,500x down to 10x). How does the BSA get to levy fines so out of proportion to actual damages? Yes, illegal copies are a crime (as is speeding), but the LAUSD wasn't running a mass piracy operation. Assuming that "hundreds" = 500 copies found, then the LAUSD had found roughly 1 copy per school, or 1 copy per 120 employees. The BSA got to treat the LAUSD as if it had found widespread felonious behavior rather than a few years worth of a few people deliberately or mistakenly making copies. No proof of bad intentions needed.

"So why don't you make like a tree, and get outta here." -- Biff in "Back to the Future"