Really earlier than that, Fermi expected it and had equipment shielded and double-shielded when testing the first nuclear bomb. But we should not confuse cosmic rays and EMP.
The legal definition of Act of God does not itself admit to the existence of a deity. Just natural phenomena which are beyond human agency to predict or prevent.
The odds of a cosmic ray hitting your memory at the exact right spot to flip a bit are one in hundreds of millions.
Each of my systems has more than hundreds of millions of bits of RAM. Some of them have 128 thousand million bits. There are a lot of places to hit.
You hit a LSB and something is off by one. You hit a MSB and you're potentially off by trillions.
That's a good argument for Gray code.
I have to take issue with the assumption that nothing clears errors better than a hard reset. There are very many known strategies for dealing with errors on a running system, and a reset only clears persistent and cumulative error, rather than transient ones. Since we can assume that your computer doesn't keep the same data in memory all of the time, most will be transient.
Someday I will be able to completely debug a piece of software. It will be a very small piece of software, I am sure.
People discount the complexity that we face when attempting to fully debug anything.
Or, perhaps, your own understanding of physics is bullshit because, well. Physics is bullshit. And this is why physics hasn't accomplished anything significant since the atom bomb. It's mental masturbation.
Well here's some things physicists have done after the bomb that I thought of off the top of my head: Lasers (and laser-related stuff like laser spectroscopy), Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Holograms, atomic clocks, high temperature superconductors, tunnel diode, scanning tunneling electron microscope, atomic force microscope, stochastic resonance, charged coupled devices... All kinds of stuff that maybe isn't as high profile as the atomic bomb, but are essential to things you take for granted, like flash memory and liquid crystal displays in your electronics or the Hall effect sensors in your anti-lock brakes.
In any case, leaving aside the obvious hooey , if physics were mental masturbation then anyone could do it. It's the fact that so few can do it that makes so many people see it as a pointless and trivial exercise.
there are certain kernel features required by systemd
However you do not need SystemD to run those kernels which seems to be what you and the other poster are implying.
SystemD is Lennart's special little empire building project and separate to the kernel.
Long computations which yield zero are probably all for naught.