People who live in the western world don't die by the millions (or even the thousands) from flooding or crop failure or extreme weather. If cheap energy allows India to begin to prosper like it has allowed the west to prosper, then India can expect to begin to achieve the resiliency that westerners have in the face of bad weather.
Right, that's exactly what I just said. Their hope is that they can reach that level before climate change becomes too severe, but if they can't they are screwed.
If India is deprived of their opportunity for progress, they can expect to remain as much at risk from bad weather as they've always been.
Who is suggesting denying them progress? Not I, I'm saying we need to make progress cleaner, not stop it.
Why would there be wars over resources when fossil fuels are cheap? What resources? The water that's "flooding" them?
Because you can't eat coal. You can't drink sea water or untreated river water full of fossil derived pollutants. A diesel tractor isn't going to help if your farm is under 1m of salt water.
Because they've never had a poverty problem? Because people never migrated in the past? But cheap energy and an improved lifestyle will cause extreme poverty.
Because when parts of the country become uninhabitable people will be forced to migrate in large numbers. Isn't that obvious? Why do you think lots of people are leaving Syria right now, did they get a brochure in the mail advertising the glamorous European lifestyle or did they leave when making a long and dangerous journey away from their homes was the only option?
Indians will industrialize using whatever the cheapest technology is, like we did. They will be short sighted about it, like we were. The only way to prevent this disaster is to make clean energy cheaper than dirty energy, which has the added benefit of accelerating the rise out of poverty for a couple of billion people.