These jets not only appear to be changing the chemical composition of Earth's ionosphere — they're actually pushing this atmospheric layer so far up, some of the planet's atmospheric materials are being leaked out into space.
More than a century ago, Norwegian scientist Kristian Birkeland proposed that vast electric currents powered by solar wind were travelling through Earth's ionosphere by the planet's magnetic field.
The ionosphere is an atmospheric layer spanning 75 to 1,000 km (46 to 621 miles) above Earth's surface, and once scientists finally figured out how to get satellites up there in the 1970s, the existence of these electric currents was confirmed.
Known as Birkeland currents, they carry up to 1 TW of electric power to the upper atmosphere — about a third of the total power consumption of the US in a year.
They're also responsible for the aurora borealis and aurora australis that light up the poles of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.