If this was a drone and was just using the mobile frequencies for communication, it would probably use an off-the-shelf cellular modem module to communicate normally over the cellular network. A special testing authority from the FCC would not be necessary.
Economic refugees are not the same as war refugees
True, but at what point is state-sponsored oppression of a group of people (say Muslims for example) sufficient to count those people as war refugees if there is no declared war? If a state is actively taking action against a certain segment of its own population, but war is not declared, at what point do they count as refugees?
and he's assuredly a pensioner
Pensioner in name only. If he was in his 40s in 1971 and lost his job at that time, he likely didn't have enough work history to have accrued much pension. Likelihood of him having taken a job with a pension after this would likely be pretty slim.
The "ability to establish and maintain a career" is not in and of itself anything that makes someone a potential refugee.
You're right, though it would be nice if it wasn't so unnecessarily difficult to move to a country that has demand and appreciation for my work (such as Canada). I wouldn't be seeking refugee status as much as a chance to actually work. When the government in this country takes an active stance against my work, I eventually need to look elsewhere in order to make a livable wage.
There is no "right to happiness" even in the USA.
It is true that the right to "life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness" does not guarantee one's happiness. However when the government starts to actively interfere with them, then there is a problem.
And no, a country deporting people to their country of origin based on their religion is also not justification - they're just being sent home, so unless they are in danger in their home country, it's no big deal.
That would hold if the anti-Muslim sentiment was directed only at Muslims who are fresh off the boat. What happens when violence is directed at American-born Muslims? There are many Muslim communities that are many generations established in this country, but the hatred is being directed at them as well. And what about those with US citizenship regardless of where they were born?
Unless they are in danger in their home country, they are not qualified as refugees.
The definition of danger can be tricky. If you send someone back to a place where they cannot work - in spite of it being their home country - then whose interests are being served? We are going to see the reintroduction of wide-spread blacklists soon under the new administration. Worker's rights are already being quickly dismantled.