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Comment No, the reason is laws. (Score 2) 68

There is a reason that American teenagers aren't working in orchards... if growers paid enough to get teens to take the jobs, nobody would be able to afford fruit.

No. The reason is that the laws (child labor, working conditions) make it impossible for them to use teenagers any more.

Meanwhile the illegals can't complain about working conditions - and will work for less than minimum wage in (those occupations where it applies.)

US citizens needn't apply because they can't compete. (Even if they were willing to work for sub-legal prices and/or in sub-legal conditions, the employer can't risk that they might turn around and demand the missing money or compensation for the conditions.) The illegals, meanwhile, can afford to work that cheaply because social programs can pay for much of the support of them and their families - turning programs intended to help the poor into subsidies for their employers.

Meanwhile, the government's non-enforcement of the laws against the illegals working means that, in highly competitive markets (such as construction contracting), employers are left with a Hobson's choice: Use illegal labor and be competitive, or try to use legal labor and go out of business.

Comment Part of why Silicon Valley is in CA (Score 1) 360

Most employment agreements are such that the company owns it even if it is outside of normal hours. So inventions you come up with on your own time are not yours.

And one of the key reasons Silicon Valley grew up in California is a law that, in effect, says:
  - As a matter of the state's compelling interest:
  - If you invent something
  - on your own time and not using company resources
  - and it's not in the company's current or expected immediate future business plan
  - you own it
  - regardless of what your employment contract says
  - and employment contracts have to include a notice of this.

Result: People who invent neat stuff their current company won't be productizing can get get together with a few friends, rent a garage across the street, and build a company to develop the new stuff. So companies bud off new companies, doing somewhat different stuff, like yeast. And the opportunity to get in on the ground floor attracts many other skilled people who might not be as inventive, but still wnt to be some of those "few friends" of the inventors.

Comment Re:Need this refined before I need a knee replacem (Score 1) 48

Sooner or later I will need a knee replacement. It would be nice to have a tissue one instead of metal and plastic.

I could use one now. I tore a meniscus in my knee a couple years ago, and it's healed as much as it will - which isn't enough. Surgery options only involve cutting it out (which leaves the bones rubbing each other) or replacing the whole joint (which is not only inferior but doesn't last as long a my current life expectancy).

Being able to drop in a replacement, grown from a printed scaffold of generic materials seeded with my own induced-pluripotent stem cells, would just fix it. (In fact it should fix it to be as good as it was decades ago, or maybe even better than it ever was.)

Comment Single target. (Score 1) 43

All [no standard] means is that websites will write their own version, some already have.


Also: In the race between weapons and armor, weapons always (eventually) win.

By creating a standard and getting the bulk of the "content providers" to adopt it, the WWWC creates a single big target that leads to breaking MOST of the DRM simultaneously. Meanwhile, content providers are left with the choice of getting behind the big target or being non-standard.

Which is fine: Like WEP, or a locked screen door, DRM won't protect things forever. But, like a "No Trespassing" sign, it DOES indicate INTENT forever. Intent of the content provider to limit access, and intent of the unauthorized content viewer to bypass that limit. That takes the "I didn't mean to do it." defence away, and gets any legal cases down to examining whether the poster of the No Trespassing sign had the right to limit the access and/or the crosser of the boundary had a right to obtain access.

Comment Re:No. (Score 1) 269

No, that's not normal. 300 mg/day is well below the normal cardiac diet at a hospital. Every time she's admitted she has to fight with the diet kitchen to get food she can eat. People can have LOTS of variation in their needs, much more than is usually acknowledged even by those who are specialists in, e.g., diet, and certainly more than is usually acknowledged by non-specialists.

Comment Re:source (Score 1) 231

Yes, but at the time being discussed I'm not sure there is any evidence for the existence of ocean-viable boats. We're talking well back in the old stone age, and the Pacific near the Aleutians isn't peaceful. At later periods this would be a quite important point, and I'm rather sure that the inhabitants of the Kuril and Aleutian islands would prove to be related well back in time, but probably not far before the invention of the proto-kayak. (They might even not have gotten to the islands before then.)

Comment Re:I often think dietary "science" is a myth (Score 1) 269

There is a significant difference. Fizzy drinks chemically dissolve the teeth as well as feeding bacteria who do the same thing a lot more slowly.

Cokes are worse than fruit juice, and, unless you are on certain medications, unsweetened grapefruit juice (made from white rather than pink grapefruit) is probably good for moderation.

Comment Re:No. (Score 1) 269

FWIW, my wife is one of those people who are sensitive to salt...only in her case she's DRAMATICALLY sensitive to salt. She tries to keep her salt level at about 300 mg/day. I worried that this was dangerously low, but her doctor, after studying her blood level, said that she was keeping her sodium at precisely the correct level. This despite being on really aggressive diuretics (so much so that she is prescribed potassium supplements twice a day).

OTOH, I don't follow her diet, and probably had better not. So I use soy sauce and Tabasco sauce (green), and order things with normal spicing at restaurants. Most people would still consider my diet generally low sodium, but there are degrees and degrees.

My real point here is that different people can have quite different dietary needs. Don't assume that because something works for you it will work for someone else. It might, but it also might not.

Comment Re:Who paid for this study? (Score 1) 269

Actually it does preserve you as well. I was told during the Vietnam war that while Vietnamese corpses would decay grossly within a couple of days, US corpses lasted well for a week. I suspect some hyperbole there, but that's what I was told. The "informant" suspected BHA and BHT, but gave no evidence.

Now this doesn't say much about being healthy, but it seems to make for a well preserved corpse.

Comment Re:Drawing a long bow ... (Score 1) 231

I'd be reluctant to form that conclusion with the known (to me) evidence. How much of the bone fracture seems to have happened while the bone was fresh? If all, or most, then that's a reasonable point. If only a bit, then I suspect a sabretooth of the original fracture, and humans of much later work.

FWIW, I don't have access to Nature, and haven't looked at the article, so perhaps they explain this. And "fits within a broader pattern of Palaeolithic bone percussion technology in Africa, Eurasia and North America." seems to be including prior known North American patterns.

Certainly it's possible that the evidence is much better than I am assuming, but I'll wait for a consensus before assuming that. I sometimes for solid opinions on matters as much out of my field as this is, but I try to have solidly known evidence with agreed upon interpretations to base them on.

Comment Re:source (Score 1) 231

I'm not sure I buy skull morphology as being evidence of grammar. OTOH, there's evidence that chimpanzees have a rudimentary grammar sense, and they split off quite awhile ago.

If you want to say there isn't any better evidence offered for the development of language, that's plausible (though I'm not sure), but I don't find it really convincing. Particularly as it appears that chimpanzees can be taught language (rudimentary), they just don't teach it to their offspring. This might be related to the FOXp2 gene (a family that lost the human variant also lost language), but that's hard to pick out that far back...but I haven't heard that it influences skull shape.

Comment Re:Icloud leak writ large (Score 1) 207

Yea, I'm well aware of how that works, but ANY exposure to the internet creates a remote attack surface that a bad actor can exploit. You are giving them a lot of credit thinking that they have locked it down so tight that it will be that difficult to get into. It may not be trivial, but I have known more than my fair share of blackhats that did that shit for fun and they weren't just a bunch of script kiddies.

Comment Re:source (Score 1) 231

IIUC, at certain of those periods there was an ice bridge between the continents. Such a crossing wouldn't have been very comfortable, but it might have been possible. And are there any plausible prey species (caribou?) that could have been being chased, and if so, what does their genotype show? When did horses cross from the Americas to Asia? If the timing works out, a herd of them could have been pursued back.

OTOH, all early human species were already quite inbred, so I doubt that population size was the kind of restriction it would currently be. (Lethal double alleles had probably already been eliminated.) So I'd favor their die-out being based around either bad luck (some lethal disease that when through their largely genetically identical population) or competition, either direct or indirect, with later immigrants who had better tools and social organization. Which could just have taken the form of being better hunters, so the game became both leery of humans and scarcer on the ground.

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