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How English Beat German As the Language of Science 323 writes German was the dominant scientific language in 1900. Today if a scientist is going to coin a new term, it's most likely in English. And if they are going to publish a new discovery, it is most definitely in English. Look no further than the Nobel Prize awarded for physiology and medicine to Norwegian couple May-Britt and Edvard Moser. Their research was written and published in English. How did English come to dominate German in the realm of science? BBC reports that the major shock to the system was World War One, which had two major impacts. According to Gordin, after World War One, Belgian, French and British scientists organized a boycott of scientists from Germany and Austria. They were blocked from conferences and weren't able to publish in Western European journals. "Increasingly, you have two scientific communities, one German, which functions in the defeated [Central Powers] of Germany and Austria, and another that functions in Western Europe, which is mostly English and French," says Gordin.

The second effect of World War One took place in the US. Starting in 1917 when the US entered the war, there was a wave of anti-German hysteria that swept the country. In Ohio, Wisconsin and Minnesota there were many, many German speakers. World War One changed all that. "German is criminalized in 23 states. You're not allowed to speak it in public, you're not allowed to use it in the radio, you're not allowed to teach it to a child under the age of 10," says Gordin. The Supreme Court overturned those anti-German laws in 1923, but for years they were the law of the land. What that effectively did, according to Gordin, was decimate foreign language learning in the US resulting in a generation of future scientists who came of age with limited exposure to foreign languages. That was also the moment, according to Gordin, when the American scientific establishment started to take over dominance in the world. "The story of the 20th Century is not so much the rise of English as the serial collapse of German as the up-and-coming language of scientific communication," concludes Gordin.

Submission + - Statisticians Uncover What Makes for a Stable Marriage writes: Randy Olson, a Computer Science grad student who works with data visualizations, writes about seven of the biggest factors that predict what makes for a long term stable marriage in America. Olson took the results of a study that polled thousands of recently married and divorced Americans and and asked them dozens of questions about their marriage (PDF): How long they were dating, how long they were engaged, etc. After running this data through a multivariate model, the authors were able to calculate the factors that best predicted whether a marriage would end in divorce. "What struck me about this study is that it basically laid out what makes for a stable marriage in the US," writes Olson. Here are some of the biggest factors:

How long you were dating (Couples who dated 1-2 years before their engagement were 20% less likely to end up divorced than couples who dated less than a year before getting engaged. Couples who dated 3 years or more are 39% less likely to get divorced.); How much money you make (The more money you and your partner make, the less likely you are to ultimately file for divorce. Couples who earn $125K per year are 51% less likely to divorce than couples making 0 — 25k); How often you go to church (Couples who never go to church are 2x more likely to divorce than regular churchgoers.); Your attitude toward your partner (Men are 1.5x more likely to end up divorced when they care more about their partner’s looks, and women are 1.6x more likely to end up divorced when they care more about their partner’s wealth.); How many people attended the wedding ("Crazy enough, your wedding ceremony has a huge impact on the long-term stability of your marriage. Perhaps the biggest factor is how many people attend your wedding: Couples who elope are 12.5x more likely to end up divorced than couples who get married at a wedding with 200+ people."); How much you spent on the wedding (The more you spend on your wedding, the more likely you’ll end up divorced.); Whether you had a honeymoon (Couples who had a honeymoon are 41% less likely to divorce than those who had no honeymoon).

Of course correlation is not causation. For example, expensive weddings may simply attract the kind of immature and narcissistic people who are less likely to sustain a successful marriage and such people might end up getting divorced even if they married cheaply. But "the particularly scary part here is that the average cost of a wedding in the U.S. is well over $30,000," says Olson, "which doesn’t bode well for the future of American marriages."

Submission + - Microsoft Develops Analog Keyboard For Wearables, Solves Small Display Dilemma (

MojoKid writes: Have you ever tried hunting and pecking on a miniature keyboard that's been crammed onto a smartwatch's tiny display? Unless the tips of your fingers somehow resemble that of a stylus, you're in for a challenge. Interestingly enough, it's Microsoft that might have the most logical solution for typing on small size displays running Google's Android Wear platform. Microsoft's research division has built an analog keyboard prototype for Android Wear that eliminates the need to tap at tiny letters, and instead has you write them out. On the surface, such a solution seems like you'd be trading one tedious task for another, though a demo of the technology in action shows that this could be a promising solution — watch how fast the guy in the video is able to hammer out a response.

Submission + - Feces-filled capsules treat bacterial infection (

sciencehabit writes: Clostridium difficile infections kill approximately 14,000 Americans every year, often because the diarrhea-causing bacteria are highly resistant to standard antibiotics. Now, scientists have found an unusual way to combat the bugs: human feces in pill form. In the new study, researchers show that frozen fecal matter encapsulated in clear, 1.6 g synthetic pills was just as safe and effective as traditional fecal transplant techniques at treating C. difficile. Within 8 weeks or less, 18 out of 20 participants saw a complete resolution of diarrhea after consuming 30 or 60 of the feces-filled capsules. “It’s probably not the best experience of your life,” says team leader Ilan Youngster, a pediatric infectious disease doctor at Harvard University. “But it beats getting a tube stuck down your throat or a colonoscopy or having C. diff.”

Submission + - Pro-Democracy Websites in Hong Kong Targeted with and Serving Malware (

An anonymous reader writes: A threat campaign tracking report released by Volexity shows that a number of high profile websites related to the Hong Kong democracy movement have been infected with malware. This malware targets both the web servers themselves as well as website visitors. The sophistication and scope of the malware likely points to government involvement as has been the case in previous campaigns targeting Asian charities and government reform organizations.

Submission + - Oculus Hiring Programmers, Hardware Engineers, and More for VR Research Division (

An anonymous reader writes: Buried toward the end of the must-watch keynote ( by Oculus VR's Chief Scientist, Michael Abrash, was the announcement of a new research division within Oculus which Abrash says is the “first complete, well funded VR research team in close to 20 years.” He says that their mission is to advance VR and that the research division will publish its findings and also work with university researchers. The company is now hiring "first-rate programmers, hardware engineers, and researchers of many sorts, including optics, displays, computer vision and tracking, user experience, audio, haptics, and perceptual psychology," to be part of Oculus Research.

Submission + - 2015 Corvette Valet Mode Recorder illegal in some states (

innocent_white_lamb writes: The 2015 Corvette has a Valet Mode that records audio and video when someone other than the owner is driving the car. Activating the Valet Mode allows you to record front-facing video as well as capture audio from within the car so you can help keep your Corvette safe when itâ(TM)s in the hands of others.

Well it turns out that recording audio from within the car may be considered a felony in some states that require notice and consent to individuals that they are being recorded and now GM is sending notices out to dealerships and customers alerting them to this fact as well as promising a future update to the PDR system.


Submission + - Facebook faces a potential lawsuit for misleading the investors during its IPO (

akm1489 writes: "As a result of the current Security Policy or Implementation, Facebook has been notified with a responsible disclosure well in advance but has not replied.Facebook has claimed 845 million MAUs as of December 31, 2011 and 483 million daily active users (DAUs) on average in December 2011 in its filing with the SEC.So this number includes the number of real people accounts, multiple accounts, ghost accounts, virtual people, game accounts and such. Hence this becomes a breach of trust where the management has willfully misled the investors regarding its user penetration, revenue generation on ad policy. This issue led facebook to be notified with a responsible disclosure and may led to potential lawsuit."

Gold Nanoparticles Help Red Blood Cells Deliver Drugs 36

New submitter MTorrice writes "Scientists decorated red blood cells with gold nanoparticles so they could trigger the cells to dump their contents with a zap from a laser. The laser pulses heated the particles to produce nanopores in the cells' membranes. The cells contained two fluorescent dyes and both flooded through the pores and out of the cells after the laser pulses. Although the researchers studied the release of dyes, their end goal is to use red blood cells as a vehicle for drug delivery, because the cells are naturally compatible with the immune system and circulate for days in the body. Until now, researchers have found easy ways to load the cells with drugs, but the challenge has been to control the molecules' release."

Submission + - Is Facebook IPO a scam? (

akm1489 writes: "When we last looked at the big datacenters that these top .com companies run, Facebook had 800,000 computers, Google had 600,000 and Microsoft just 350,000. Facebook is just a one trick pony – that just does one thing beautifully – that is Social Networking. Google does that and also so many other things such as search, email, maps and so on. Microsoft even provides virtual labs where huge communities of developers get trained to use its technologies for free. And yet all these companies need fewer computers than Facebook – which means the costs for Facebook are much higher. Facebook attributes it to the higher level of engagement of its users – but does that higher level of engagement proportionally add to its revenue? Judge by yourself weather facebook IPO is scam or not."

Submission + - A wheelchair - Historical note (

Anonymous Coward writes: "As a means of transportation for people unable to move, the wheelchair was first mentioned in China. These are ancient Chinese manuscripts dated by 6 A.D., where pictures of wheeled chairs can be seen.
1595 is considered to begin the next stage of wheelchair historical development. A special luxury wheelchair equipped with footrests and armrests was made for the king of Spain Fillip II. The wheelchair resembled more a high pushcart and needed an invalid tender escort. In 1655 the British Stephen Farfler, a handicapped watchmaker, invented a three-wheeled vehicle which made it possible for him to move by himself. It was the first self-propelled and lever-driven wheelchair. By the 19th century self-propelled wheelchairs had been replaced with manual wheelchairs — a handicapped person pushed large back wheels by hands and thus drove the wheelchair. It was notably uncomfortable to move down the street in such wheelchair, because hands got very dirty. In 1881 an outer rim of minor diameter was added to the construction of the wheelchair. This rim was adjusted to the wheel. When pushing an outer rim a handicapped person needn't touch a wheel and in such a way the problem of "dirty hands" was solved.
It should be mentioned, wheelchairs of those times were rather bulky and it made difficult to keep and transport them. However, in 1933 an engineer Harry Jennings wanted to help his friend Herbert Everest and made the first portable wheelchair of light steel. It didn't take long to realize commercial opportunities of the invention and friends set up the company "Everest-Jennings" dealing with mass production of wheelchairs. This company was monopolizing the invalid care equipment market for many years.
Electric wheelchair was invented after WW2 by George Johann Klein,a Canadian inventor, for the injured war veterans. Electric wheelchair is considered to be one of Canada's greatest inventions."


Submission + - SPAM: work from home it jobs-Find work from home it jobs

camingaw546 writes: "Imagine you're job seeking in the Internet-less years of the early 90's. Scary thought, huh?

Imagine our moms and dads frantically leafing through job openings only available at the classifieds of the paper, circling mightily and hopefully with a marker here and there.

Yes, it might sound like a romantic scenario; back then their application and resume arrive in two weeks time, and it takes yet another lifetime for the company's reply. (Yawn!) And yes, markers stain the hands. Not too mention the microscopic print, smudged words, unreadable phone numbers, and tiny ads. And you had to buy newspapersyes, papers with an -s, as many as four or fiveif you really want a thorough job search. Tedious.

And then fast forward to the cyberage. With so many jobs online sprouting here and there, from as far as the other side of the world, you only need your mouse now.

Yes, in this techno-driven world, a job search is a not properly called that if it's not carried out online. Job searches are easy to complete and the job opportunities that come up are there for the taking.

1. Log on. Hundreds of job websites offer free sign-ups now like work from home it jobs. They're more than glad to have you there to add to their growing number of members. If you plan to register to more than one site, it's best you use just one e-mail and password so you don't confuse them.

Your best shot in choosing job classifieds sites are the relatively new ones. They have less population of job applicants, which means you have more chances of getting noticed by employers on the lookout for resumes.

Examples are [spam URL stripped]

2. Key in your details. As with all other sites that you register in, online job classifieds will ask for your relevant personal information needed for their database. Get ready to provide your email address, a username, a password, your birthdate, and other details. The best thing about online job searching is that you can log in and out whenever you feel like it.

4. Build your resume. Don't worry, just as it is free to sign up, it's free to build your resume at most online job sites. You can either upload your existing resume or create a new one through the step-by-step template found at the site itself. It'll be helpful to consult a few articles on how to create an effective and winning resume.

Make sure you regularly update your resume (photos, seminars attended, contests won, freelance jobs or projects recently taken, etc). And make sure too your contact details (email, mobile phone and home number) are clear so that prospective employers can reach you anytime.

4. Set up your portfolio. You won't get asked a single cent for this. Feel free to upload at every online job classifieds your masterpieces, whether they articles, photographs, short films and videos, etc. State important details like date of publication/creation, location, context, awards won, etc. Update your portfolio regularly and let employers know they'd be missing out big time should they overlook you.

5. Search around. After placing your resume and portfolio on the database of the job website, why not search job listings now. Simple searches can be performed through the website's search engine. Input your preferred skills, job category, position, and location of work. You're sure to find one that's just right for you.

Regardless of whether the office is open or not, online job sites are there for you 24/7. With all that time and leeway and resources available right at your fingertips, there should be no excuse for not getting a great job.

6. Finally sit back. But not too long.
If you've gotten this far in the article, wow! You really have a thing for reading. But seriously now, isn't it time for you to be getting a new job? Click right on!"

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