Unfortunately, that's not how it works. Without taxes, the wealthy and corporations mostly transfer wealth among themselves, and very little of it ever actually manages to trickle down. Perhaps you missed the memo, but "trickle down" economics doesn't work, and never has done.
I'm not supporting trickle down economics here, I'm just saying that Apple's $250B in cash would probably not be stuffed under a mattress. It would be doing SOMETHING in our economy (whether that benefits everyone or just the 1% is an open question) rather than doing something in someone else's economy, which is the current state.
IOW, this is a false dichotomy. "We need to tax that money to realize a return on society's investment" is all well and good, except for the fact that we're not actually taxing that money, Ireland is.
 - Or the Cayman Islands, etc, but the point remains.