The distribution of first time offenders is almost perfectly evenly distributed.
I tried to find this, can you cite this at all? I spent about an hour searching. Seems like this could be a really interesting hobby project site.
It's just that a Black person who offends is treated so much more harshly than a White doing the same thing, that recidivism is almost guaranteed.
The longer the sentence the more likely one is to re-offend?
It's a "tough on crime" conspiracy by the Conservatives to strip the vote from all the Blacks.
This would only affect those who are 1) serving time 2) doing drugs. Since there isn't any language that applies to only certain skin tones, it applies to all inmates convicted of these crimes. Also, seems like a small voting block to be concerned about, [warning pdf]why wouldn't they go for the smaller ones first? Perhaps it has to do with money? See below.
Researching incarceration by race, I began by looking for bias in sentencing (is it judges etc.) I learned a large part of the harshness revolves around crack cocaine sentencing guidelines. Police operate by going into areas of poverty and performing sweeps. If you have a prior the sentence increases, it's like a feedback loop. Different classes of people do different drugs. Whites, for example, are more likely to be Methamphetamine users. Sentencing has increased for across all races however there remains a gap.
It largely, in my opinion, seems more of a socioeconomic issue than anything. I'd say a stronger argument would be the breakdown of the nuclear family and poverty. See the link below for the Moynihan Report, which was done in 1965 and recently revisited.
The Black Family: Five Decades After the Moynihan Report. Although I encourage everyone to view the report, for the lazy here are some highlights.
Among the findings in “The Moynihan Report Revisited”:
- The statistics that so alarmed Moynihan have only grown worse, not only for blacks, but for whites and Hispanics as well. Today, the share of white children born outside marriage is about the same as the share was for black children in Moynihan’s day. Meanwhile, the percentage of black children born to unmarried mothers has tripled, remaining far higher than the percentage of white children born to unmarried mothers.
- In 1960, 20 percent of black children lived with their mothers but not their fathers; by 2010, 53 percent of all black children lived in such families. The share of white children living with their mothers but not their fathers climbed to 20 percent in 2010, up from 6 percent in 1960.
- There has been a marked retreat from marriage. In 1960, just over one-half of all black women were married and living with their husbands, compared with over two-thirds of white and Hispanic women. By 2010, only one-quarter of black women, two-fifths of Hispanic women, and one-half of white women lived with their spouses.
- That the decline of traditional families occurred across racial and ethnic groups indicates that factors driving the decline do not lie solely within the black community but in the larger social and economic context. Nevertheless, the consequences may be felt disproportionately among blacks as black children are far more likely to be born into and raised in father-absent families than are white children.
In addition there's also some related highlights from 50 years on the War on Poverty and here too, which illustrates the rise in unwanted pregnancies, single parent households.