The west should require net-metering of all utilities and allow single sites to return up to 10% more than they use . the real problem is that most net-metering are simple trades, which is the wrong solution.
instead, watts sold back to the utilities should be sold as just electricity and not with grid costs in there. OTOH, when the consumer draws electricity, it should include electricity AND grid ( delivery costs ).
but by the same token, the electricity being sold back to the utility should be timed based. Basically, you should be paid for the electricity what the utility would pay their highest pay for that time slice. So, if you sell at say 7pm, then, you will get paid highest money, which might be as high as .15/kWh.
OTOH, if you sell wind in the middle of night, then you might only get .02/kWh.
Note that this will encourage storage. And if I were utility, I would move away from coal or on-demand systems and instead invest into storage combined with nukes, maybe Nat gas.