I would be more interested in this if it worked the other way, warming my house.
There are lots of designs for doing that. Look at any renewable energy bulletin board (such as fieldlines.com).
Common thread is:
- Black (or otherwise visible light absorbing) target.
- In an insulated box.
- With a glass window (that does NOT have an infrared reflective coating)
- And some way of transferring the heat from the black target to the house air.
Glass is opaque to infrared and passes visible light. Sunlight goes through, is absorbed by the black material, and heats it (to the tune of about a kilowatt per square meter at noon). The material re-radiates, but it is far too cool to re-radiate in the visible spectrum. So it re-radiates in the infrared, which doesn't escape through the glass and is thus re-absorbed.
It's called "The Greenhouse Effect". B-)
In one of my favorite designs the black target is a series of tubes consisting of used aluminum drink cans with the tops and bottoms removed, painted black. They're very good at absorbing light, because it takes multiple bounces down the valley between the tubes, giving the paint many chances to absorb it. A 4" computer fan pumps air through the box to extract the heat.
But there are LOTS of other designs. Including houses with large south or south-east facing windows and overhanging roofs that shade them in the summer but not in the winter (to rough-tune the absorption). The floor, walls, furniture, etc. serve as the visible light absorber.
My ranch house works like that - a little too well. In the afternoon it will git to 90+ degrees when it's single-digit temperatures outside.