Nothing says you can't recycle the materials in the panels when they are broken.
You've provided no solutions beyond ones clearly not feasible.
Try 'recycling' lithium ion batteries. Hint: They explode when you puncture them. Lead Acid are way less efficient at storing and releasing energy. What happens when you have a huge buildup of Hydrogen gas produced from charging those? *BOOM*
We have been using solutions that are renewable. Diesel can be produced from vegetable matter, Alcohol for engines burns so clean you can't see the flame and is also easy to produce. These two forms of fuel alone can be produced by anybody in the space of a Garage.
The real root of this is those things can be manufactured by the common man with ease. Though, not batteries, solar panels, etc. Batteries and Solar panels are something that cannot be easily produced by the common man if at all. Once all our energy comes from power generation and batteries we place ourselves completely at the will of 'market forces'.
Quite seriously, you're not buying green technology you're building a dangerous monopoly over energy. Of course somehow magically the businessmen in power will suddenly reject thousands of years of proven bias towards 'what the market will bear' and become savant philanthropists and let the common man have everything for free.
But beyond that the planet has been changing on it's own forces for centuries and will continue to do so.
Just fucking plant more trees.