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Comment Understanding Money (Score 1) 292

The lack of understanding of what 'money' is, will destroy modern society.

Nations are imploding under it. Families are manipulated by it.

Fractional reserve banking allows bankers to multiply their 'investments' 100-fold, simply by tweaking numbers on their balance sheet.

There is a huge difference between 'credit'-based money (or money issued with interest associated to it -- either central banks to a government or a credit card to a consumer) and earnings- or asset-based money (like your checking/savings account -- where you have a stockpile and draw on it, or money backed by assets, like gold or something).

Until more people understand the basics, and want to return to 'sound' money that isn't manipulated on a whim, our society will be on a downhill slide.

For digital transactions: It's fine, as long as the numbers being floated around are backed by assets and are audited as such. I don't care if it's pieces of paper, pieces of metal, bits flying through the air.

But, at the end of the day, the more easily governments/banks can manipulate the basic monetary unit, and the more middle-men siphon off part of it (reducing profit for others), there will be far-reaching consequences.

Basic money concepts drive an economy. Either into miraculous (like the 1800s in the US) or disastrous (like the Weimer Republic) effects.

Comment Lack of Understanding (Score 5, Interesting) 577

I saw the title and was already afraid of how the post was going to be worded. Within reading the first 2 sentences of this article, I was cringing.

If you can't express yourself properly, nobody will take you seriously, and you won't win any intellectual argument.

Let's reword the title: What if Exclusive Intellectual Property Control Expired After 5 Years?

See the change? Intellectual property (or IP as everyone calls it) has existed, exists, and will exist forever. The exclusive control (with a few exceptions) over reproduction, distribution, etc is a limited monopoly granted by copyright and patent law, where the exclusive control lasts for a finite time. The authority to do any of this is in the US Constitution, but only in the simplest of terms. In order to change it, for all intents and purposes, one needs only to get (or buy) legislation--not amending the constitution itself--to change the rules of the game.

And, even this monopoly is a modern creation. Historically, most of all the worlds best music, paintings, etc were produced under patronage, where a wealthy person would pay the creator (which might include letting the person live on his estate, etc) to make a work for him. See

Now, on to the real reason of your article: What if this exclusive control period was reduced to 5 years.

I have looked at this for a long time, and I have come to some conclusions myself. Let me share my conclusions.

My personal opinion: Patents have never had their duration period expanded. They are still 20 years. Why? Patents benefit companies/corporations for the short term for the original purpose -- to prevent a competitor from 'stealing' the idea and mass-producing it, reducing your rewards -- in the short term, but it is in their interest to get access to the IP in the long term. So, it's "naturally" limited in that sense. If one company got all patents lengthened to 100 years, they wouldn't be able to use a competitor's ideas either for 100 years.

But copyright is another matter. In this case, it's publishers (today) against the consumer. There is no "natural" limitation in the sense that to a publisher, the consumer is just another lowest common denominator revenue target, and not a competitor (that they want to 'limit') nor a high-value content producer that they can exploit. Once you see this, you see how they try to get copyrights extended to 'one day short of forever' (can't remember which liberal congressman said that recently, but one did) so they can abuse/extend their monopoly against 'us' if you will, with the content they already control.

For copyrights, there is no 'natural' competition to keep the game honest. So, will your 5-year period ever happen? Not without a revolution.

Now, as to your 5-year period. It's too short. It takes 3-6 years to get a product, like a new car model or a new CPU architecture, or a new DRAM standard, etc into production and into the market. With a 5-year exclusive period, it could be over before a company can make any money on their 'creativity' and a competitor could steal their thunder quite easily. For copyright as well, it could take 2-5 years to produce a movie, and they lose control of it in the same time as it took to make it? That makes it too short, as it could dissuade creative people from even trying to write/produce content.

But, the current 120-150 years is a joke. The US founding fathers struck a good balance: An initial 14-year copyright term, with an optional 14 years if the author is still alive and deemed it 'worth it' to pay the fees to extend it once more for another 14 years.

Since most books only have a single printing, the first term is long enough to motivate people to 'produce', while it's short enough that if it doesn't work out as the author intended, then the public can extend the idea on their own. It's the porridge is too cold/hot problem. There has to be a balance so everyone is benefited.

Let's look at Star Wars as an example. With the original copyright terms, after 28 years, me or my son, and anyone else, could start producing movies, writing books, etc, in the Star Wars universe. The balance is, George Lucas should get no more than 28 years to make his money off of his efforts. With 28 years, the original Star Wars would have been in the public domain in 2006. (In today's world, I would even argue a 10/20 year term is long enough, but at least we are still in the same order-of-magnitude.)

From a cultural standpoint, that's about half of a person's productive lifetime. With a 28 year copyright term, a person or society in general would be free to expand the Star Wars universe how they see fit. This is the compromise that copyright was supposed to provide: the author could make their money, while society (that was alive/effected at the time of initial release) could benefit from the creativity, and then expand on it.

With current copyright laws, my son will never 'legally' be able to make/produce/participate in a fanfiction movie in the Star Wars universe. Maybe not even his son, or his son's son. When multiple generations of 'us' can't legally be creative with an idea like Star Wars, that helped shape a generation's idea of lasers going pew pew in space, something is wrong.

But, Would George spend 100 million dollars to produce another movie, if he lost all exclusive rights to it in 5 years? Probably not. Then, people aren't publishing creativity because they couldn't make enough money off of projects to justify them. That swings the pendulum too far to the other extreme.

So, to make a long-story short, 5 years is too short. The current term is wayyy too long. Something in the 10-20 year range is reasonable.

One last point. From a software standpoint, I would like to see a change where if someone wants copyrights on software, they would have to provide the source code to a government agency, and after their term, the source code is released. Then, other people could read/learn/extend it much easier.

Also, once a thing is published, it should never have its term lengthened. Rather than stating the publishing date in the front cover of a book, it should have printed the copyright expiration date. If laws change in the meantime to shorten it, great. If not, everyone still knows when the book will be in the public domain -- no matter what. It's mess right now with all the extensions, changes, etc to know when a book/movie/work is in the public domain so people can start to reproduce it.

Comment Mastering Engineer... (Score 1) 382

I can't be the only one that tried to read the headline and thought "another screwed up Slashdot title", thinking it was a book title for "Mastering Engineering" or something other than an "audio" mastering engineer?

Couldn't the editors have put 'Audio' at the front of the subject to give it a point of reference?


Comment Do we have to actually 'abolish' it? (Score 3, Informative) 395


My wife hates DST, so she looked into the actual law.

Here it is: The federal US government sets the days that the DST transition happens on. It's up to the individual states to go on DST or not.

So, you could work at a state level to just have your state not participate in it.

That's it.

Comment Memory usage (Score 1) 297

I don't remember right now the setting, but what finally 'fixed' FF's big memory usage for me was reducing the number of pages from the history that it keeps in memory, in case you hit the 'back' button.

There's a setting that controls this. I think it's browser.sessionhistory.max_entries Search for that.

If you browse image-intensive sites, I saw memory usage get up to 4-6GB before. Now, it never goes over 1GB, with 50 misc tabs open still.

Comment If not too extensive... (Score 1) 188

I have used MediaMan in the past, and enjoyed what it brought to the table.

It supports flagging books as loaned out to person X, etc. It can export the database as a website so people can hit a web page to know if a book is in or out, etc.

They have a server product, but I've never used it.

I'm not associated with the project, just a user of it.

Other similar media organizers probably exist too, depending on how "formal" you want the experience to be, and if other people will touch the computer or not (ie you will enter the information into the computer once a day or something).

Search for Koha, it seems like the 'professional' tool for the job, if you want to go that far.

Comment Interesting statistic (Score 3, Interesting) 171

From what I've read, all the gold in the world that has been mined could fill something like 2 olympic swimming pools, or something like that.

Considering this is like 32 inches x 5 inches, think of that sitting in the bottom of an olympic pool. Not too big, but still pretty impressive considering the relative size.

Comment Your own domain (Score 5, Interesting) 213

This is why everyone should have their own domain.

I have catch-all email for my domain, so if an email is sent to it that isn't recognized, it goes into my catchall account.

The nice part of this, is I can create '', and I know exactly who sent it, and/or who shared out my contact information.

You can do throw-away emails for single event cases, or just use a generic '' for sites you don't care about.

Comment Go back to the start (Score 1) 730

I'm a strict constitutionalist, for many reasons.

I believe that most people have forgotten the vertical separation of powers that was originally understood when the USA was set up, because the federal government has now assumed so much of the local and state levels.

Originally, the census was used to figure out representation, and also tax liability.

The federal government figured out that it's budget would be X dollars, and it would go to each state and ask for X*Y dollars, where Y was the number of people in that state, as a percentage of total population of all the states. If New York had 5 % of the population, then it (the state) would have to write a check to the federal government which was 5% of the total federal budget.

It was up to the state to decide how to collect the money.

In today's terms, Alaska could pay it from their money from oil, and any single citizen of Alaska might not have to personally pay a dime to the federal government. Nevada might use gambling taxes to do it. Texas might charge fees for exotic game hunters to pay it. New York might have a 100,000 page state tax code to collect it. But, it leaves it up to the state to handle it.

It also gets the federal government out of my pocketbook, and out of my hair. I might interface with a state tax division, but not a federal agency, that is less accountable to me than a state agency.

I truly think we have lost our way in a lot of this, and that the men that set up the USA were far more visionary, and fair, than anyone we know today.

Comment Mythical Improvements. (Score 3, Insightful) 74

So, everyone said, if we switch to SSDs, longer battery life. Did it happen? No.

Memory does not use up that much power, relative to the whole system. Even switching a laptop's screen to LEDs doesn't help that much.

It's almost the same as the mythical new invention that will be out "in 5 years".

Give it up people. Semiconductors improve year after year, These kinds of breakthroughs that drastically change everything just don't happen.

The only thing I can think of that made that kind of a change in the last 30 years was going to an SSD drive for speed and responsiveness. Other than that, each year gets a bit better. Don't expect that to change any time soon.

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Almost anything derogatory you could say about today's software design would be accurate. -- K.E. Iverson