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Comment Re:the new slow dummies in the left lane (Score 1) 748

Actually, you don't need to enforce it consistently. You get as much compliance, but at a lower cost, if you haphazardly enforce it. If the driver doesn't know when it will be enforced, they will comply. It only takes the possibility of being caught that triggers the behavior.

Given various technologies like radar detectors and the Waze app, many drivers believe that they do have information about when it is being enforce.

Comment ... but it doesn't apply to Elon Musk (Score 4, Informative) 373

Elon Musk's goal is to create a self-sustaining colony on Mars. In order for that to happen, he decided that he would have enough people volunteering to immigrate to Mars to make that happen if he can bring the cost of a ticket to Mars down to $500,000. And in order for that to happen, he needs to find a way to severely bring down the cost of launching rockets.

SpaceX's goal is not the usual corporate goal of making quarterly profits for the shareholders. He is keeping SpaceX private because he knows his goals would never be reached if he were to make it a publicly-owned company.

So while NdGT is probably correct, I think the only reason he will be correct in this case is that Elon Musk will die of old age before SpaceX gets far enough along to make a Mars colony a reality. But I'm really, really hoping that Musk can pull this off.

Comment Re:Was going to give it a try... (Score 1) 93

Here here!

Vic Mignogna is an extremely believable Captain Kirk. I think he plays a better Kirk than Shatner. They really nailed it when casting him for the role.

James Doohan's son does a decent job as Scotty. Michele Specht is a good actress as well as great eye-candy. The rest of the cast is weaker than the other actors from TOS (I like Mythbuster's Grant Imahara, but he's not a good actor). The production quality exactly matches TOS - from the sets to the lighting to the camera angles. I love it.

Comment Re:Batteries (Score 1) 904

Batteries are the key. Everything about an electric car is infinitely better than a gasoline car, save the batteries. Electric motors are smaller, more powerful, have only a single moving part, require zero maintenance, and are a very mature, understood technology.

Tesla has been making incredible strides in getting every last bit of performance out of modern batteries. But compared to a gasoline tank, it still has a lot of problems
  • As you say, it still weighs a lot, adding significantly to the weight of a vehicle
  • It takes much longer to charge a battery than to fill a tank
  • There are limits to the rate at which power can be delivered to the motor. No such limit for gasoline. I will say, however, that Tesla appears to have completely solved this particular problem, at least at passenger car scale.
  • Batteries are much larger compared to a gasoline tank that provides the same range.
  • Battery capacity degrades over time. A gasoline tank's capacity does not.
  • Battery capacity is lower in cold weather. Gas tank capacity doesn't change appreciably with temperature. You can heat the battery to combat this, but then you're lowering effective capacity by using up the energy.

Full disclosure - I've owned a Nissan Leaf for the last three years. I love it and it works for many of my uses, but widespread EV adoption is going to require additional strides in battery technology.

Comment Re:Not even a link to the article (Score 5, Informative) 171

Link to the announcement on Tesla's website
And reproduced below:
  • 70 kWh rear drive Model S for $70k
  • 90 kWh battery pack option for $3k
  • 2.8 sec 0 to 60 mph upgrade to "Ludicrous Mode"

First, I should address something that might be on your mind, like: "Where the heck is the Model X and the Model 3!? You should really get on that." Don't worry, those remain our focus and good progress is being made on both. X is on track for first deliveries in two months and Model 3 in just over two years.

70 kWh for $70k
Now, on to the awesome news of today. The 70 kWh version of the Model S in the single motor version at $70k costs $5k less than the dual motor version, consistent with the price differential for the single and dual motor 85 kWh car. Importantly, enough options are now standard that you will have bought a great car even if you pick the base version.

In many countries, national and state/province purchase incentives for clean energy vehicles improve the price to some degree. In the US, for example, the price after incentives is usually around $60k. Also, not having to buy gasoline and needing less service for an electric car typically saves around $2k per year, which accumulates to $10k over the national average car ownership period of five years. This economic advantage is often overlooked when evaluating gasoline vs electric cars. Moreover, these savings are experienced immediately in your monthly cost of transportation if you lease or finance an electric car.

90 kWh Pack
New buyers now have the option of upgrading the pack energy from 85 to 90 kWh for $3k, which provides about 6% increased range. For example, this takes our current longest range model, the 85D, to almost 300 miles of highway range at 65mph.

Existing owners can also purchase the pack upgrade, but I wouldn't recommend doing so unless usage is on the edge of current range. On average, we expect to increase pack capacity by roughly 5% per year. Better to wait until you have more time on your existing pack and there is a larger accumulated pack energy difference.

Luuudicrous Mode
While working on our goal of making the power train last a million miles, we came up with the idea for an advanced smart fuse for the battery. Instead of a standard fuse that just melts past a certain amperage, requiring a big gap between the normal operating current and max current, we developed a fuse with its own electronics and a tiny lithium-ion battery. It constantly monitors current at the millisecond level and is pyro-actuated to cut power with extreme precision and certainty.

That was combined with upgrading the main pack contactor to use inconel (a high temperature space-grade superalloy) instead of steel, so that it remains springy under the heat of heavy current. The net result is that we can safely increase the max pack output from 1300 to 1500 Amps.

What this results in is a 10% improvement in the 0 to 60 mph time to 2.8 secs and a quarter mile time of 10.9 secs. Time to 155 mph is improved even more, resulting in a 20% reduction.

This option will cost $10k for new buyers. In appreciation of our existing P85D owners, the pack electronics upgrade needed for Ludicrous Mode will be offered for the next six months at only $5k plus installation labor.

It is important to note that the battery pack size upgrade and the pack electronics upgrade are almost entirely independent. The first is about energy, which affects range, and the second is about power, which affects acceleration.

There is of course only one thing beyond ludicrous, but that speed is reserved for the next generation Roadster in 4 years: maximum plaid.

— Elon

Comment Re:Crash Mitigation (Score 1) 549

After watching hours of Russian dash-cam videos on YouTube, I think the best thing that a self-driving (or any car) could do in a rear-end impact - at least for most scenarios) would be to stay on the brake hard. When a car is rear-ended, the most common thing to occur is for the driver's foot to leave the brake pedal, causing that car to continue forward and hit other things.

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