Although I think the summary oversimplifies things a lot. Skimming the actual paper, it looks like the Lovelace test is not a test in itself but a means to critique tests for AI. It could apply to a chatbot or a story writer or anything else.
So if I ask a chatbot "How many legs does a horse have", it would fail if it just looks up the answer in a database that contains "legs", "horse" and knows to give the answer "4" (because can trivially explain that), but if it has learned from earlier conversation what a horse is and what a leg is and comes up with a correct answer, it would pass, because I have no way of knowing the exact inputs it used. Something like that anyway.
What's a "program" ("anything")?
A deterministic sequence of instructions that could be converted to work on a universal Turing machine. I don;t htink this is really a valid criticism.
What does it mean to be "engineered to produce" one?
Presumably we're talking about a specific condition and expectation that is part of the specification. Although since a lot of specs are informal this does need to be clarified.
What's a "hardware fluke"?
Not sure on this one. My initial thought was that this was just a requirement that it not produce pure randomness and get a valid result statistically.
What constitutes "explanation" of how it was done?
I think this one is the main problem. It's very subjective what an explanation is. It's also somewhat dependent on the programmer.
Toast, orange juice, 2 scrambled eggs, bacon, and black coffee in a Holiday Inn in Elk City, Oklahoma, on a cross-country road trip.
No, I don't have a memory of all my breakfasts, you just picked a lucky week.
That might be a part of it, but I've received 3 payments from insurance companies of other drivers from their liability and not once was an attorney actually brought in, or was a lawsuit mentioned. Well, I did think about it on one occasion, because the insurance company was dragging their feet and took weeks to schedule a fix (seriously, Farmer's sucks), but in the other two cases I had a check in my hand within 72 hours of the incident.
What mechanism would you provide to ensure people are compensated for loss when another party is at fault?
I've never had a CFL fail. I've been replacing incandescents with CFLs whenever a bulb burns out. My oldest CFL is 7 years old and my newest is a little under 1 year old.
Many of us are still living! Just a bit dispersed here and there.