You're talking about "externalities," which are called that because they are EXTERNAL to economic considerations
Uhhh no. They are fundamental to economics. Please read James M. Buchanan and Wm. Craig Stubblebine Economica New Series, Vol. 29, No. 116 (Nov., 1962), pp. 371-384
I have trouble understanding how anyone in a technologically advanced culture can think science is decided by vote.
You have the causality exactly backwards.
there's no such thing as a revenue neutral tax
British Columbia has a revenue neutral carbon tax that is working quite well and enjoys popular support because the fees are in fact returned as dividends.
"Don't tell me I'm burning the candle at both ends -- tell me where to get more wax!!"