This is going to be a real challenge to people want to build new renewable sources. Would you want to build a solar plant if it produces energy at a time that you can't sell it, and produces little at times when the prices are highest. (Nice if you want to sell storage systems though).
It is say that *if* we do nothing to reduce fossil fuel use and continue to emit as we do today, what is likely to happen. Its not predicting that we do nothing. The best guess is that at least some countries keep the Paris pledge and reduce emissions. But, if everyone decided that they could not be bothered to make the changes required, then we can expect significant warming.
" In the absence of global mitigation actions, five trillion tonnes of carbon (5 EgC), corresponding to the lower end of the range of estimates of the total fossil fuel resource"
i.e. assuming we take no action and keep burning fossil fuels at the current rates. From the time scales talked about on the first page, it looks like they assume burning it over the next couple of hundred years. Maybe some one want to give the full article a read?
X forwarding still just works if you are running wayland locally. behind the scenes its using xwayland, but from the user point of view nothing has changed.
I am sure there will be a more waylandy solution before the tool kits drop their X support (which probably wont happen for decades).
Why do you need the closed nvidia driver on a server? Nouveau should be fine or even just the vesa driver.
(I could say why do you even need a video card on a server, but I guess some folk prefer that to using ssh or a serial connection from a laptop)
I am using BTRFS on luks on my laptop. Even during a motherboard failure that cause repeated hard poweroffs I did not loose any data (and thanks to data checksumming I know that there is no corruption lurking in the files).
BTRFS has developers at Facebook, Fujitsu, SUSE, IBM and still gets patches from people at Oracle. Seems a fairly healthy project to me.
GPL gives the best chance that in the long term there will be multi vendor support. So in 20 years time I'll still be able to read my data, and no one can hold it hostage with crazy licence fees. Sure other open source licences are pretty close, but if the main sponsor behind a project goes closed, then it can sometimes take the community with it. Who knows if in the next 20 years Oracle will do a SCO and try suing anyone who uses their tech in a way that does not generate profit for them.