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Comment Economics? (Score 4, Informative) 343

$4.7B for a nuclear plant. Is it worth it? Will the company get $4.7B worth of use from this asset? If they put it on the market today, what price would they get?

Does this price reflect the cost of building a new nuclear plant today, or is it horribly inflated by the troubled construction history?

The new planed UK Hinkley Point station has (Wikipedia) "estimated construction cost of £18 billion, or £24.5 billion including financing costs." This is two units with combined 3200MW output. Watts Bar II is 1200MW - so the UK is planing on spending more per MW than this plant cost.

Comment Re:Observations (Score 1) 192

In this case, the human doctors only had a written description (I've posted examples in another comment.)

However, the human doctor can use all the information in the description, whereas the app can only do so if it has a box for entering that information. E.g. "Preliminary laboratory studies are notable for a serum ALT of 6498 units/L, total bilirubin of 5.6 mg/dL, and INR of 6.8." (Actual text from one of the cases.) I expect apps aimed at consumers don't have any way to enter this information. (No, I don't know what it means either. I'm not the sort of doctor that helps people.)

Comment Example cases (Score 2) 192

I managed to track down the actual text of the cases. TFA was only adding the human doctors to an analysis already done with the aps. The aps paper is and the cases are in the supplementary material ('data supplement')

A 48-year-old woman with a history of migraine headaches presents to the emergency room with altered mental
status over the last several hours. She was found by her husband, earlier in the day, to be acutely disoriented and
increasingly somnolent. On physical examination, she has scleral icterus, mild right upper quadrant tenderness, and
asterixis. Preliminary laboratory studies are notable for a serum ALT of 6498 units/L, total bilirubin of 5.6 mg/dL, and
INR of 6.8. Her husband reports that she has consistently been taking pain medications and started taking additional
500 mg acetaminophen pills several days ago for lower back pain. Further history reveals a medication list with
multiple acetaminophen-containing preparations.

(This one is acute liver failure requiring emergency care).

An 18-month-old toddler presents with 1 week of rhinorrhea, cough, and congestion. Her parents report she is
irritable, sleeping restlessly, and not eating well. Overnight she developed a fever. She attends day care and both
parents smoke. On examination signs are found consistent with a viral respiratory infection including rhinorrhea and
congestion. The toddler appears irritable and apprehensive and has a fever. Otoscopy reveals a bulging,
erythematous tympanic membrane and absent landmarks.

(Acute otitis media - requires 'non-emergent care', i.e. needs professional medical care but is not an emergency)

A 34-year-old woman with no known underlying lung disease 12-day history of cough. She initially had nasal
congestion and a mild sore throat, but now her symptoms are all related to a productive cough without paroxysms.
She denies any sick contacts. On physical examination she is not in respiratory distress and is afebrile with normal
vital signs. No signs of URI are noted. Scattered wheezes are present diffusely on lung auscultation.

(Acute bronchitis, self-care appropriate.)

Comment Re:Haldane (Score 2) 25

Wikipedia was uninformative.
I found a genealogy site with a page for JBS:
Unfortunately, sometimes the links are to a 'private' person, at which point the chain is broken.
JBS had a stepchild but no children of his own. His dad was famous, as were his dad's two brothers and his grandfather. One of those (Richard Burdon Sanderson Haldane) was a viscount and Lord Chancellor, but had no sons. The other, Sir William Stowell Haldane had three sons.

William's sons: Thomas Graeme Nelson Haldane (1897-1981): a 'private' child and a son Richard W Haldane. Richard W has four children, all 'private', three of whom have different surnames so we can guess they were daughters.
Archie Richard Burdon Haldane (1900-1982): two children, but they are listed 'private'
Patrick Haldane (1893-1915): no children listed.

So assuming the listings are accurate (no missing children), it is possible that the Nobel Laureate is descended from JBS's grandfather via JBS's uncle William.
The Laureate's full name is Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane, and he goes by Duncan. This pattern of three first names, using the second, appears a number of times in JBS's family tree.

Comment Re:out side of the us jobs don't control your heal (Score 1) 539

If you examine the history of this admittedly abhorrent but very rare practice (now seen among the very remote and most illiterate of the population), it started because Hindu (Rajput) widows who lost their husbands defending their kingdoms against Islamic invaders from the middle east preferred to jump into the spouse's funeral pyre's rather than be raped and pillaged by the barbarous invaders, without the protection of the men-folk.

If you look up the Koran, it explicitly allows the Muslim pillagers to loot the invaded territories, and rape their womenfolk, as winnings for the victorious soldiers -- this is something that the Hindu women did not want to subject themselves to, and they preferred to commit suicide instead.

Later, unfortunately, the practice devolved into the superstitious and despicable form which you are referring to.

Comment Hindus believe there is One God with many Names. (Score 1) 539

Hindus .......more gods you believe in, the more successful you are in life"

This assertion is completely false. Hindus believe there is One God with many Names.

Is it really that hard to understand that each human mind can have it's own conception of what we call a $DIETY or $GOD. The oldest Hindu scripture and the foundation of this religion/philosophy (and later, it's offshoot Buddhism (Buddha was born a Hindu but then decided to start a fresh Philosophy, without some of the superstitious aspects that had crept into Indian society by then), the RigVeda (indeed the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language) starts of saying essentially that there is One God, which People call by Many Names.

They call him Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni, and he is heavenly nobly-winged Garutman.
To what is One, sages give many a title they call it Agni, Yama, Matarisvan.
—Rigveda 1.164.46, Translated by Ralph Griffith[78][79]

This makes this philosophy (that existed incidentally before any of the religions, even Hinduism as it was named later by the Britishers and other colonizers) intrinsically and naturally pluralistic (Pluralism, open minded and tolerant.

pluralism definition. A conviction that various religious, ethnic, racial, and political groups should be allowed to thrive in a single society. In metaphysics, pluralism can also mean an alternative to dualism and monism.

Indeed, not just tolerant, but accepting of other faiths, since it believes (not just believes, but practically tells the practitioner to experience the truth for him/herself by Direct experience/intuition through Yoga/meditation and other techniques and find out for oneself with the help of a spiritual Teacher) that practically each thinking mind can have it's own name, form and concept of the Truth (as they preferred to call it (that which is not False)), but the Absolute Truth (call it the Divine Mother (Hindus also worship the Divine in its Feminine form - Shakti or simply Divine Power lies beyond the conception of the normal planes of consciousness (those who have reached it describe it as Sat-Chid-Ananda, (translated it simply means the direct experience of that which is Existence-Knowedge-Bliss - Pure Consciousness, once again call it God, Shiva, Jesus, or by any other name, just don't kill each other over $IT) and can be experienced in higher planes of expanded consciousness.

This experience is pretty much each street level druggie is unconsciously craving and trying to kill/OD him/herself over instead of reaching it through safer, tried and tested means like (e.g. Yoga, because they take more persistence and effort. Also, Yoga is just a Path, as there are others, as Buddhism, Christianity, and other $RELIGIONS and what not theoretically, each person as on his own Spiritual Journey over lifetimes of Incarnations) that have helped millions of others reach it safely and surely in this very lifetime, if not the next, and the next, and the next, .... ad infinitum.

Comment Re:test (Score 3, Interesting) 155

If you static fired without payload, you'd then have significantly longer between the static test fire and launch (during which something might break) and you'd need to lower the rocket to horizontal to attach the payload and raise it again, again with the potential for breaking something. You'd also have each launch keeping the launch pad occupied for longer.

So, it is a trade-off, and you'd need an intimate knowledge of the rocket and launch operations to know whether SpaceX's choice to test with payload was correct.

Submission + - Young grads in India aim to land a robot on the moon. (

GillBates0 writes: Team Indus ( is one of the 16 remaining from the 29 that had entered the $30 million Google Lunar XPrize (GLXP: competition. It plans to use ISRO’s ( workhorse — the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) to send the spacecraft to the moon. Among it's rivals are – Israeli non-profit organisation SpaceIL and US-based start-up Moon Express. An official designated as ‘Skywalker’, said that such space missions used to be limited to extremely elite people and PhDs in the past. That stereotype is now breaking. “I was just a college student a couple of years ago and now I am working on an actual space mission, how cool is that,” said Karan Vaish, 23, who is helping the team to design the lunar rover. Eighty per cent of the team is reported to be less than five years out of college (

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