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Comment Re:Budget and Timelines (Score 1) 312

First, no reactors built in the past twenty years (except in China, IIRC) lack those safety features. Passive safety might not be an official standard from a regulatory agency, but is still effectively a standard.

Second, yes, passive safety most certainly does make a plant significantly safer than active safety, particularly when you have two plants right next to one another. Imagine a scenario where a containment accident occurs at one reactor, along with a fire that damages the external power feed to the second reactor. At that point, it is unsafe for people to bring diesel fuel in to keep the emergency generators running to keep the pumps running to cool the second reactor while it shuts down, and suddenly you've gone from one meltdown event to two.

Comment Re:Creating Structural Monopoly (Score 1) 171

Maybe you missed where I said, "apart from the existence of the cable authentication". Yes, they still require those ICs. What I meant was that AFAIK, Apple isn't going after companies that make fake Lightning cables with their own homebrew fake authentication chips unless they advertise them as being genuine Apple cables. Similarly, they're not going after third-party companies that wire up resistors to the two data lines to enable fast charging, so long as they aren't advertising them as being Apple chargers.

Comment Re:Wow... (Score 1) 171

If Apple was truly concerned they would issue a spec for free.

There is a specification. There are minimum requirements for separation between low-voltage and high-voltage sections that are part of various electrical codes and safety standards. These knock-offs don't meet those safety standards. They should not even be legal to import into the United States, much less sell.

The fact that Apple's designs greatly exceed the standards to the point of being exceptionally paranoid is nice and all, but not strictly necessary. But failing to meet the standards is very bad.

Comment Re:Budget and Timelines (Score 1) 312

That's not really the point. The point is that over time, those plants will get taken offline and replaced by newer designs, and we'll be safer when that happens. If you're going to bring a new plant online, ideally, you'd like it to be based on the newest, safest designs, rather than something that met NRC regulations before Chernobyl.

Comment Re:Creating Structural Monopoly (Score 1) 171

The requirements are well documented by third-party teardown, and dozens of companies make chargers that include the necessary pull-up resistors. So as the GP said, Apple is doing nothing to prevent third-party chargers, and apart from the existence of the cable authentication, is doing nothing to prevent third-party cables, either.

The problem is that there seems to be a strong correlation between willingness to pretend that your products are genuine Apple products and willingness to cut corners in the design that result in dangerous products. Legitimate third-party chargers from known brands generally work very well. Fake chargers that try to look like Apple products are a different story. It is legitimately hard to squeeze the necessary electronics into such a small package, much less to do so safely. As a result, Apple knock-offs tend to be significantly less safe than chargers made by people who aren't trying to pass their products off as Apple hardware.

And the knock-off fake Apple cables tend to be low-quality junk that fails after a couple of weeks of light use, unlike more legitimate third-party cables (e.g. Amazon Basics), which tend to be at least as reliable as Apple's cables, if not more so.

Comment Re:Wow... (Score 2) 171

It's not FUD. From all accounts, these things fail with alarming regularity. When you have insufficient distance between high-voltage and low-voltage traces, when you get some extra moisture in the air that condenses in the wrong place, it can easily trigger an electrical arc that delivers 110VAC to your 5V line. In addition to roasting any device that's attached to it, such an extreme over-voltage event will give you a nasty shock if you're holding the device at the time even under the best of circumstances, and that is enough voltage to kill you under the worst of circumstances.

Comment Re:Im not trying to be that guy.. (Score 2) 96

Assuming it isn't a solid rocket, it must contain an oxidizer tank in addition to the fuel tank or else it wouldn't be a very effective rocket. When the fuel combines with the oxidizer, it produces an exothermic reaction.

... unless, of course, somebody forgot to fill the oxidizer tank, in which case that's probably why there's a giant probe-shaped crater on the surface of Mars now.

Comment Re:Budget and Timelines (Score 3, Informative) 312

When I say that over-regulation, discord between the NRC and ASME, NIMBY trolls, and congressional oversight cause cost and lead time issues, I don't mean that energy companies are trying to bypass safety regulations to accelerate building - there are literally too many people who don't know enough about nuclear plants in decision-making positions.

True, but on the other hand, I'd argue that Watts Bar 2 is an example of ignoring modern safety standards to accelerate building.

If I took a house that was 80% built in the early 1980s and tried to finish building it today, they'd literally make me tear it down, because it would be essentially impossible to retrofit all of the additional braces inside the walls that are required for earthquake safety, not to mention that the plumbing wouldn't be of a material that's legally allowed to be used now, the electrical wiring probably wouldn't be up to code, and even the foundation might have to be dug out and replaced. Yet they've allowed a forty-year-old nuclear reactor design to be brought online that doesn't come close to meeting modern design standards for things like passive safety.

To be fair, TVA has patched the design to mitigate some of the more serious risks based on lessons learned in Fukushima, but even still, it seems completely insane to me that they were allowed to continue building this reactor instead of being told to tear down everything but the outer shell and start over. IMO, this should have been at least a third-generation reactor, if not a III+, not an ancient second-generation design. At some point, they should stop allowing new reactors to be built using old designs, and for second-generation designs, that cutoff date should have been a couple of decades ago, give or take....

Comment Re:COURAGE (Score 1) 306

My point was that it's inconvenient to have a platform that lacks standard I/O merely because of a new standard that's currently exclusive to a handful of computer monitors. Most people don't use HDMI with monitors. They use it with TVs, where HDMI is the standard; not a standard; the standard.

The thing is, they just added HDMI for compatibility four years back, concurrent with adding mini-DisplayPort, which could be adapted to HDMI, which means that the only reason for them to have added it was for easier compatibility with TVs. If it made sense to add HDMI just a couple of years ago and doesn't make sense to keep HDMI now, there's definitely something being smoked, but it isn't by me.

Comment Re:COURAGE (Score 1) 306

The whole concept is fundamentally flawed by design. We won't see TVs take USB-C as an input on a broad scale any time soon, because there's a huge installed base of equipment that standardized on HDMI back when Apple was still arguing about whether FireWire was better than USB. When you're manufacturing equipment with a life expectancy measured in decades rather than the three-year replacement cycle for computers and cell phones, backwards compatibility is an absolute requirement. So any transition from HDMI to USB-C, if that's even possible, will take at least 1-2 decades before it is complete. Until then, we're stuck with adapters.

Is it a good idea to make USB-C available? Yes. Is it a good idea to make it possible to pass video over USB-C? Yes. Is it the right time to ditch HDMI compatibility? Heck, no.

Comment Re:COURAGE (Score 1) 306

wouldn't it be nicer if you could just go in a hotel room and attach your laptop via hdmi cable thats already in the hotel room(for tv box) to connect your laptop to it?

I've never seen a hotel that had HDMI cables. Meeting rooms, sure, but not hotel rooms. Heck, half the time, you're lucky if you don't have to ask the front desk to get the factory remote so you can have an input button. And in meeting rooms, you can safely expect the adapters to start showing up, permanently attached to cables with metal straps.

"but Apple's inclusion of an SD card slot, slow as it is, has been a significant driving force in pushing camera companies to move to SD instead of CF, and has resulted in standardization that otherwise would not have happened." -- okay I give up you are full waist deep in the RDF already if you believe this really and not for example reasons such as sd cards are smaller and there's this class of devices that shipped by the BILLIONS that uses them. cameras don't matter jack shit.

Sorry, I should have been more clear. A lot of companies started putting SD card slots into laptops, including Apple, and that was a major driving force in killing off the half dozen competing standards that existed prior to that. The point is that where Apple goes, the rest of the laptop manufacturers tend to go.

Comment Re:COURAGE (Score 1) 306

And as far as "listening to customers" goes, I think that Apple actually has a better track record of that than most. People hated scroll-bar direction-changes. Apple said "You can now have it either way".

Yeah, except that we hated it internally long before the public hated it, yet it didn't become an option until people screamed publicly. Apple's culture often behaves like a cult of personalities, where people blindly continue down the path chosen by a decision-maker even when dozens of people think they're wrong. IMO, the failure to accept internal criticism and adapt is Apple's biggest flaw, and if anything will be its downfall, it will be that.

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