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Submission + - Scientists Identify Parts of Brain Involved In Dreaming (

An anonymous reader writes: Scientists have unpicked the regions of the brain involved in dreaming, in a study with significant implications for our understanding of the purpose of dreams and of consciousness itself. What’s more, changes in brain activity have been found to offer clues as to what the dream is about. Writing in the journal Nature Neuroscience, Siclari and colleagues from the US, Switzerland and Italy, reveal how they carried out a series of experiments involving 46 participants, each of whom had their brain activity recorded while they slept by electroencephalogram (EEG) – a noninvasive technique that involved placing up to 256 electrodes on the scalp and face to monitor the number and size of brainwaves of different speeds. While the experiments probed different aspects of the puzzle, all involved participants being woken at various points throughout the night and asked to report whether they had been dreaming. If the participants had been dreaming, they were asked how long they thought it had lasted and whether they could remember anything about their dream, such as whether it involved faces, movement or thinking, or whether it was instead a vivid, sensory experience. Analysis of the EEG recording reveal that dreaming was linked to a drop in low-frequency activity in a region at the back of the brain dubbed by the researchers the “posterior cortical hot zone” – a region that includes visual areas as well as areas involved in integrating the senses. The result held regardless of whether the dream was remembered or not and whether it occurred during REM or non-REM sleep. The researchers also looked at changes in high-frequency activity in the brain, finding that dreaming was linked to an increase in such activity in the so-called “hot zone” during non-REM sleep. Further, the team identified the region of the brain which appears to be important in remembering what a dream was about, finding that this recall was linked toan increase in high-frequency activity towards the front of the brain. A similar pattern of activity was seen in the hot zone and beyond for dreams during REM sleep. The upshot is that dreaming is rooted in the same changes in brain activity regardless of the type of sleep.

Submission + - Paying Customer Dragged from United Flight ( 7

LeftCoastThinker writes: United Airlines forcibly dragged a paying customer from a Chicago flight after overbooking it so that 4 United executives could board the flight to a corporate meeting. The actual violence was committed by a airport police officer who is now on leave.

Submission + - You Can Make the New Google+ Work Better — If You're Borg! (

Lauren Weinstein writes: After a bunch more time wasted on digging into this, I now seem to have a methodology that will (for now at least maybe) reliably permit users to see all G+ notifications on the desktop notifications panel, in a manner that permits interacting with them that is much less hassle than the standalone notifications page permits.

There’s just one catch. You pretty much have to be Borg-like in your precision to make this work. You can just call me “One of One” for the remainder of this post.

Keeping in mind that this is a “How-to” guide, not a “What the hell is going on?” guide, let’s begin your assimilation.

Submission + - How to Triumph in a Toxic Office (

mirandakatz writes: From Uber to Thinx, the tech world is suffering from an infestation of office bullies. But if you happen to find yourself stuck in a toxic workplace, it's not the end of the world—and you may actually be able to change things for the better. At Backchannel, Karen Wickre offers up a survival strategy for anyone stuck in an office full of bro-ish bullies, writing that "a company culture can be a reflection of the company’s competitive position: Is it an underdog or market leader? Is it reinventing itself or disruptive? But an even more important component of culture comes from the leaders, and the values they express and demonstrate. Beware the company that shows off its aspirational values endlessly, but rarely shows them in dealing with employees or customers."

Submission + - There Are 19 Types Of Smile - But Only 6 Are For Happiness (

dryriver writes: The BBC reports: "In 1924, grad student Carney Landis conducted an experiment to see what kinds of smiles exist and what they signify. Landis wanted to know if certain experiences, such as pain or shock, always elicited the same facial expressions. And he was prepared to inflict them in order to find out. He sat his subjects down in comfortable chairs, then painted lines on their faces so that he could better see their grimaces. Over the course of three hours, they were repeatedly photographed while being subjected to a series of bizarre and unpleasant pranks, including placing fireworks under their seats and electrocuting their hands while they felt around in a bucket of slimy frogs. The climax came when he fetched a live white rat on a tray and asked them to cut off its head with a butcher’s knife. Landis’ methods were certainly unethical, but perhaps the most uneasy revelation was what he discovered. Even during the most violent tasks, the most common reaction wasn’t to cry or rage – it was to smile. He wrote: 'So far as this experiment goes I have found no expression other than a smile, which was present in enough photographs to be considered as typical of any situation.' Of 19 different types of smile, only six occur when we’re having a good time. The rest happen when we’re in pain, embarrassed, uncomfortable, horrified or even miserable. A smile may mean contempt, anger or incredulity, that we’re lying or that we’ve lost."

Comment Re:Holy flamebait batman! (Score 2) 917

I disagree that this isn't a problem for the geek workforce. As an earlier posting showed, there have been massive layoffs in tech this year and the next recession is likely to come from the bursting of another tech industry bubble. So what Stern is saying has plenty of relevance here, unless of course you're drinking Trump's kool-aid. I know a number of Trumpists, and the sole concession I've ever been able to get out of any of them is along the lines of "his message is great but his delivery sucks."

Comment Re:The Bake Sale Model (Score 2) 285

Agreed: George McGovern's single-sentence addition to the Constitution is the best ("Medicare is hereby extended to cover all American citizens"); but nevertheless this is an outstanding common sense liferaft to throw in these troubled waters until this dying Empire somehow awakens from its cultural coma.

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