""I Am Legend" was the only Will Smith movie I've seen where he isn't just reprising his Will Smith character."
Yeah, but Charlton Heston got it right the first time around in The Omega Man...no need for a remake on this one.
Vincent Price got it right the first time around in the Last Man on Earth...no need for a remake on this one
"Please describe how 'time-compressing' a waveform is different than frequency-shifting it"
If I frequency shift a waveform by a factor of 2, then the time compression is also a factor of 2. The article doesn't really mention it, but the frequency shifts in this experiment are much less than a factor of 2, but the time compression is from 2.5 ns to 95 ps, a factor of 27 compression.
This is a real time lens. A spatial lens works by imparting a quadratic spatial phase to light. Diffraction then causes the beam to focus due to the quadratic spatial phase.
A time lens works in analogy to a spatial lens by imparting a quadratic temporal phase to a light pulse. Propagation in a dispersive media then leads to the time compression.
The difficulty is it is very hard to impart a quadratic phase to short light pulses. The only real way to do it is nonlinear optics, which is where the (small) frequency shifts mentioned in the article come from.
Federal grants are offered for... research into the recreation potential of interplanetary space travel for the culturally disadvantaged.