Restaurants aren't a relevant example because wait staff can't be sent offshore. What are they going to do, set up a call center and have folks call their orders in? This is an example of automation being cheaper than American labor, not Chinese labor. This isn't a good thing, it's a problem we'd do well to focus on rather than engaging in a trade war with no winning outcome. And forcing companies to bring manufacturing back will lead to faster adoption of automation in existing facilities as they look to standardize, resulting in the loss of additional jobs.
On the iPhone, are you not aware that it competes with other smartphones? I'm not sure why you think it won't sell less when the price goes up. There's nothing that people don't have any choice in. Besides that, without trade agreements, what exactly would stop China from making their own iPhones? They could do it just to spite us, and we'd have no recourse.
You'll have to elaborate on that. I don't get it. Why would Peru stop exporting zinc to us because we stopped buying Chinese goods?
You're right, as long as you ignore the rest of that paragraph. I said we'd need to stop imports from all cheap labor countries, because unless we do that Americans will just continue to choose the cheaper imports over the American made goods. This isn't a theory, the whole reason everything is made offshore is that we choose to buy the cheap stuff every day. That means Peru, which exports about $8 billion in goods to the US every year including a lot of high end clothing made by children, would have their economy negatively impacted. They might even enjoy cutting us off, since they have a trade deficit with us and our deficit with China is such a bad thing, right? If that's not enough, you'd be interested to know that China currently supplies the vast majority of rare earth elements, stuff we need for our beloved iPhones. I'm sure we can find other sources, but at the very least we're going to need to raise prices to cover it. And those sources probably won't be other cheap labor countries, since we can't be buying their stuff any more.
It's obvious there's problems with our trading relationships with some folks, China included, the thing people need to realize is that we can't just demand what we want and expect our trade partners to hand it over without getting anything in return.