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Comment Re:Horrible summary (Score 1) 350

...Ethanol gets converted to acetaldehyde by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase, through the loss of one hydrogen atom. ...

"by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase" - remove duplication. It's just "by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase". Aarghh!

Comment Horrible summary (Score 5, Informative) 350

This is one of the most horrible and stupidest summaries I've read in a long time. Enzymes are biochemical catalysts. Ethanol and acetaldehyde are substrates. The substrates get converted into end products with the help of enzymes and energy. Ethanol does not get converted *into* an enzyme known as acetaldehyde. Ethanol gets converted to acetaldehyde by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase, through the loss of one hydrogen atom. In the next step, acetaldehyde gets converted into acetic acid (same thing as in vinegar) by the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase through the loss of another hydrogen atom. Acetaldehyde a lot more toxic than acetic acid. If you block the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (which lacks naturally in a minority of East Asians), there will be an accumulation of excess acetaldehyde, causing very noxious symptoms. This is exactly what drugs like disulfiram ("antabuse") do. What a badly written summary. Both the submitter and the editor need to read some biochemistry or learn to use google before posting rubbish.


Submission + - India to double research spending by 2017 (sciencemag.org)

TheWingThing writes: The Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, has promised to double the R&D spending by the government to USD 8 billion (2% of GDP) by 2017, in an interview published by the Science magazine today (full article behind a paywall). He explains that the government plans to “increase gradually the proportion of money that is spent on R&D and at the same time create a system of incentives which will induce the private sector to increase their spending on science and technology”. Richard Stone also reports in this issue of Science that the initiatives are aimed to improve existing research institutions, set up new ones, set up a funding agency modeled after the US National Science Foundation, attract expatriate Indian scientists to return to India, and to set up new universities and research laboratories. The PM also supports his government's decision to place a moratorium on some genetically modified vegetables, and speaks out against some US and Scandinavian NGOs that fund protests against nuclear energy in India. He sees that improvements in agriculture and reduction of malnutrition and communicable diseases are two big challenges facing the country. The Prime Minister's interview comes shortly after the declaration of India as polio-free by the WHO. India currently lags behind most developed countries and China, and its global share of peer-reviewed publications remained at 3.4% in 2010. Whether India will replicate its successes in the Space sector in other areas of science and technology remain to be seen. Bureaucracy and lack of transparency, as reported in the article, seem to be the major hurdles.

Comment Bad summary, and bad, sensationalist journalism (Score 1) 326

The author of TFA and the submitter of this story are the same person - Julie Bort. She is just creating sensationalist nonsense news by extracting sound-bites out of context from the interview. This is an example of a bad summary, and bad, sensationalist "journalism". This loses the point of the interviewee and projects him in a bad light, while getting self-promotion for this so-called "reporter". *makes mental note not to take any writing by Julie Bort seriously*.

Comment Re:HIPAA anyone? (Score 2, Informative) 36

This strikes me as a huuuuuge breach of medical record confidentiality. Where exactly do they plan to legally get enough medical records to mine in the first place?

As long as eighteen HIPAA identifiers are removed, the data is considered deidentified by HIPAA. Deidentified data does not need patients' consent. De-identified data-only studies only need the hospital IRB (Institutional Review Board) approval. Believe me, it's not an easy task to get the IRB approval.

Here's the list of the 18 HIPAA identifiers.

Comment Re:Average is 33 megabits .... from who? (Score 1) 121

It is a bit bizarre that so many cities rejected joining up to have the most advanced residential fiber network in the nation built in them. (Granted, a lot of them dropped out due to telecom pressure, but still.)

There was a lot of FUD by Qwest and Comcast, and the council idiots succumbed to it. This might reveal some info: FreeUtopia

Comment Re:Go to your room and no video games! (Score 3, Insightful) 341

... an illness that I would best describe my first-hand experience as a "laughably mild cold, without the annoyance of a stuffy nose" ...

If you are from the US, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, UK, France or one of the other countries that symptomatically *diagnose* someone as having swine flu without any lab tests, you may not have had swine flu at all. Your symptoms would not be valid swine flu symptoms in that case.

On the other hand, if you are from India, China, Japan, Australia, Thailand, Chile, Peru, Vietnam, Germany, South Korea or the other countries that do lab tests do diagnose swine flu, you might have had a mild case of swine flu. Your symptoms are not generalizable to others.


Submission + - New Type of Cloud Discovered (wired.com) 3

phantomfive writes: In Iowa and Scotland there are reports of a type of cloud not yet recognized by the World Meteorological Foundation. It seems the cloud does not match any of the clouds in the International Cloud Atlas, and thus there is a campaign underway to have it included. Some have said the clouds look like armageddon has arrived. For me, writing clouds all these times makes me want to eat cotton candy.

Comment Re:Cheap car already tried and failed! (Score 2, Informative) 571

(bear in mind that the U.S. has much tougher safety and emissions standards than India).

Untrue. Did you pull that claim out of a hat? India has poorer safety standards than the US, but stricter emission standards than the US. Indian emission standards are modeled after the Euro emission standards, which are a lot stricter (PDF, see page 26) than the US emission standards.

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