1. Who could have anticipated the field of web programming in 1800? Thats what I mean by completely new fields.
"Web programming" is not itself a field in the sense I'm talking about, it's just a means to an end. Many different ends: publishing news, selling goods, etc. Those fields have become massively automated. There were newspapers in 1800, and they had to be printed by hand, one sheet at a time, then distributed by hand by teams of people carrying them around. Today, a few web programmers can do work that used to take hundreds of people. Selling goods was a low thoughput field in 1800. Modern stores sell far more with far fewer people. No one cares about "web programming" as such, any more than they care about "buggy whip manufacturing".
But that's all really beside the point. Whatever new jobs come up, whatever new tasks need to be accomplished, most of them will eventually be done by machines, not humans. That's the future we're heading toward.
The field of strong AI has stagnated ever since ELISA. That computers could someday surpass us is simpy a far away theoretical possibilities, if that. The AI hype machine and actual AI research are two very different things.
That's... um... a bit of a distortion. In fact we're right in the middle of an amazing explosion in AI. I've never seen anything like it before in any field. Practically every few days there's another new paper describing some major advancement. And they aren't just theoretical. As often as not, they're describing something that's already been put into production. It's amazing.
I don't know where it will end. "Strong AI" is poorly defined, and mostly a red herring anyway. We may never create a sentient computer that thinks just like a human. Or maybe we will. If we do create one, it won't necessarily be any more useful than a much simpler, non-sentient computer. Real AI research is about getting computers to do useful things, not about getting them to say, "I think therefore I am." And it's making amazing progress at getting them to do useful things.
Humans, and particularly our brain do not stay the same, this is the whole principle behind neuroplasticity.
No. That's a misunderstanding. Neuroplasticity just means you can learn new skills. It doesn't mean you have no limits. Brains today are no more plastic than they were in 1800. We have the same number of neurons, they hook together in the same way. We're no smarter or better at learning skills than our ancestors were. Newton is just as much a genius by modern standards as he was in his own day. Same with Mozart and da Vinci and Socrates. The limits of the human brain are very real and we all hit them every day. And those limits haven't changed. The rare people whose limits are slightly beyond most people's limits stand out as geniuses, even when we look at them hundreds of years later.
Your fear of bein rendered obsolete by computers is just as nonsensical as a hypothetical fear of the heat death of the universe, this is what I was trying to say.
Who said anything about being afraid? :) I can't wait for machines to replace us as workers! You think I like having to go to work every day? There are so many things I'd rather be doing.