Wow. Where to begin? I would assert that Malthus has not (yet) been proven wrong, even though he lived too early to see effective birth control and the Green Revolution. I will believe that he has been shown to be wrong and the "demographic transitionists" proven right once the population of the planet has actually stabilized at a sustainable level. It hasn't. We have some reason for hope because the world's population is not increasing in relative terms as fast as it once was and because we have areas of local stabilization; unfortunately in absolute terms the population is increasing about as fast as it ever has (though I acknowledge the predictions say this will change soon), and demonstrated areas of local stabilization are not guarantees that the planet as a whole will be able to that's not the same as proving that the world as a whole will get there without a major catastrophe caused by overpopulation. The Green Revolution *has* given humanity a reprieve, as we have vastly increased the carrying capacity of our planet. This is not the same as a pardon, as it yet remains to be seen whether or not this is sustainable in the long run. And by the way, Malthus was even right about the Green Revolution as well, despite not having foreseen it- human population exploded as a result of the increased availability of food, and in areas where we've not yet had a 'demographic transition', the population of the poor has continued to expand to meet the available means of subsistence, except to the extent it is "kept in check by misery and vice." I totally hear what you're saying about human progress and absolute numbers of scientists, and I even buy into that argument to a point. Your argument still presumes that there will always be a light at the end of the tunnel and that mankind will continue to be able to build telescopes powerful enough to always keep seeing such light, and that wealth and power will be distributed evenly enough such that the vast mass of humanity will benefit from future 'progress'. I'd like to think all of those things will be true, but wishful thinking isn't always an appropriate method to make prognostications.