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GNOME 3.8 Released Featuring New "Classic" Mode 267

Hot on the heels of the Gtk+ 3.8 release comes GNOME 3.8. There are a few general UI improvements, but the highlight for many is the new Classic mode that replaces fallback. Instead of using code based on the old GNOME panel, Classic emulates the feel of GNOME 2 through Shell extensions (just like Linux Mint's Cinnamon interface). From the release notes: "Classic mode is a new feature for those people who prefer a more traditional desktop experience. Built entirely from GNOME 3 technologies, it adds a number of features such as an application menu, a places menu and a window switcher along the bottom of the screen. Each of these features can be used individually or in combination with other GNOME extensions."
Electronic Frontier Foundation

DOJ Often Used Cell Tower Impersonating Devices Without Explicit Warrants 146

Via the EFF comes news that, during a case involving the use of a Stingray device, the DOJ revealed that it was standard practice to use the devices without explicitly requesting permission in warrants. "When Rigmaiden filed a motion to suppress the Stingray evidence as a warrantless search in violation of the Fourth Amendment, the government responded that this order was a search warrant that authorized the government to use the Stingray. Together with the ACLU of Northern California and the ACLU, we filed an amicus brief in support of Rigmaiden, noting that this 'order' wasn't a search warrant because it was directed towards Verizon, made no mention of an IMSI catcher or Stingray and didn't authorize the government — rather than Verizon — to do anything. Plus to the extent it captured loads of information from other people not suspected of criminal activity it was a 'general warrant,' the precise evil the Fourth Amendment was designed to prevent. ... The emails make clear that U.S. Attorneys in the Northern California were using Stingrays but not informing magistrates of what exactly they were doing. And once the judges got wind of what was actually going on, they were none too pleased:"
The Media

What Does It Actually Cost To Publish a Scientific Paper? 166

ananyo writes "Nature has published an investigation into the real costs of publishing research after delving into the secretive, murky world of science publishing. Few publishers (open access or otherwise-including Nature Publishing Group) would reveal their profit margins, but they've pieced together a picture of how much it really costs to publish a paper by talking to analysts and insiders. Quoting from the piece: '"The costs of research publishing can be much lower than people think," agrees Peter Binfield, co-founder of one of the newest open-access journals, PeerJ, and formerly a publisher at PLoS. But publishers of subscription journals insist that such views are misguided — born of a failure to appreciate the value they add to the papers they publish, and to the research community as a whole. They say that their commercial operations are in fact quite efficient, so that if a switch to open-access publishing led scientists to drive down fees by choosing cheaper journals, it would undermine important values such as editorial quality.' There's also a comment piece by three open access advocates setting out what they think needs to happen next to push forward the movement as well as a piece arguing that 'Objections to the Creative Commons attribution license are straw men raised by parties who want open access to be as closed as possible.'"

Cybersecurity Bill Fails Today In US Senate 72

wiredmikey writes "A development following the recently posted story Senate Cybersecurity Bill Stalled By Ridiculous Amendments — The Cybersecurity Act of 2012 failed to advance in the US Senate on Thursday. The measure was blocked amid opposition from an unusual coalition of civil libertarians — who feared it could allow too much government snooping — and conservatives who said it would create a new bureaucracy. The bill needed 60 votes in the 100-member Senate to advance under rules in the chamber, but got only 52. The failure came despite pleas from Obama and top US defense officials. The US Chamber of Commerce argued that the bill 'could actually impede US cybersecurity by shifting businesses' resources away from implementing robust and effective security measures and toward meeting government mandates.'"

Submission + - SPAM: The Danger Of GHB

verastiles writes: What Is GHB?

Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid, also known as GHB and sodium oxybate is a substance naturally found in the central nervous system, but also in small citrus fruits, beef and wine. One can also find it in almost all animals’ nervous system, but in small amounts. Even so, it is considered an illegal drug in many countries and is usage is regulated in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the US and most of Europe. In its form of sodium salt it is used to treat cataplexy narcolepsy and is sold by Jazz pharmaceuticals under the name of Xyrem. It is used as a general anesthetic in medicine in order to treat insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy and alcoholism and as an athletic performance enhancer.
Other Uses

These, however, are not the uses one should fear! It is also used as a date rape drug. It has many street names, such as Liquid X, Liquid Ecstasy, Mils, G, Fantasy, Georgia Home Boy, but also under the reordered initials GBH. It is used as a recreational drug by club goers because it enhances the party experience. In small amounts, it acts as an aphrodisiac and as a stimulant. It has a tendency to produce euphoria and sociability. Although it has a very salty taste, it is colorless and odorless which makes it very easy to add to drinks that mask its potent flavor. GHB has been used in cases of sexual assault, especially after the victim is already vulnerable due to intoxication with a sedative — alcohol being the most commonly used. It comes in two forms: a colorless, odorless liquid or a white powder.
Detection, Manufacturing And Distribution

It is very hard to detect GHB in urine samples after a single day, which makes it hard to prove someone was actually the victim of drink spiking. Over the counter date rape drug urine tests do not cover GHB, which makes them useless. In order to detect it in urine, one must undergo testing it in 8 to 12 hours after ingestion and for this, one must go to a hospital, since there are no home tests available. Other drugs, such as muscle relaxers (for instance, Carisoprodol) are sometimes used in combination with GHB. It can also be detected in blood and plasma tests.

This drug can also be detected in hair, even months after ingestion. This is great because, although hair tests are not as common as urine tests and they cannot be performed at home, the victim has a greater chance of having evidence against the perpetrator.

The drug is easy to manufacture, and therefore the makers handle distribution themselves. What is worse is that this drug is relatively cheap and sold by the capful. The price varies between 5 and 25$ per cap.

Link to Original Source

Submission + - SPAM: Tips for Improving Camera Battery Life

qa246810 writes: "If you've noticed your digital camera's battery power not lasting quite as long as it used to, that's not a surprise. Rechargeable batteries tend to lose their ability to hold a full charge as they age and are re-used. Losing digital camera battery power is a frustrating problem to have, especially if your "battery empty" light flashes just as you prepare to take that once-in-a-lifetime photo. These tips and tricks should help you gain a little extra battery life ... even from an older camera battery.

If your camera has an optical viewfinder, you can turn off the LCD screen and only use the viewfinder. The LCD screen has large power demands.

Try to avoid using the flash, if at all possible. Continued use of the flash also drains the battery quickly. Obviously, there are some situations where a flash is required to create the photo, but, if you can shoot the picture with the flash turned off, do it to save some battery power.

Do not spend a lot of time reviewing your photos. The longer you have the LCD screen on Canon EOS 450D Charger — while you aren't actually shooting photos — the faster your battery will drain in comparison to the number of photos you can shoot per charge. Spend more time reviewing your photos later when you return home and you have a fresh battery.

Use your camera's power saving feature. Yes, I agree that this feature can be extremely annoying at times, as the camera goes into "sleep" mode when you haven't used it for a set period of time. However, it does work to conserve battery power. To achieve the most battery power savings, set the "sleep" mode to kick in as quickly as possible. With some cameras, this can be after as little as 15 or 30 seconds of inactivity.

Turn down the LCD's brightness level, if your camera allows this. A brighter LCD drains the battery faster. A dimmer LCD is more difficult to see, especially in Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ28 Charger bright sunlight, but it will help extend your battery life.

If you have the option of shooting some photos with the camera plugged into a wall outlet, use this option to conserve battery power.

Don't believe the claims of the manufacturer about how much life your batteries should have. When testing the battery life of their cameras, most manufacturers will conduct their measurements in perfect conditions, something you likely cannot recreate in real-world photography. If you're able to achieve at least 75% of the battery life that the manufacturer claims, that's a good starting point.

To obtain the longest life from your batteries, don't fall for the myth that says you should fully drain the battery before recharging it. In reality, a battery has "X" number of hours of use in it. If you're using some of those hours to simply drain the battery, it won't last as long over its lifetime. Just use the battery normally, and charge it when the battery needs a charge or when you're done shooting. A partial charge isn't going to significantly affect the life of the modern battery. That may have been the case with rechargeable batteries from several years ago, but it's not true with newer batteries.

Don't turn the camera on and off repeatedly. Each time you restart most cameras, the introductory screen will appear for several seconds. Although this doesn't seem like much time, if you turn the camera on and off 10 times, you'll probably lose at least a minute of battery power, which may be the difference between snapping that last great photo and seeing the "battery empty" message. Samsung Digimax V50 Charger Use the "sleep" mode instead, which I discussed earlier.

Finally, because all rechargeable batteries tend to hold less power as they age, you may simply want to purchase a second battery and have it charged and available. If you find yourself constantly altering your photography habits to try to conserve power with an older battery, you're better off buying a second battery as a backup or an "insurance policy.""

Link to Original Source

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