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User Journal

Journal Journal: TSR's Letters to some anonymous FTP Sites

This is one of the letters TSR sent to anonymous FTP sites in 1994 to force them to remove AD&D related material. It wasn't only meant to remove copyrighted material. Anything bearing an AD&D term such as "THAC0" or "Greyhawk" was infringing, according to the letter, and was meant to be removed. Some people in the AD&D-L mailing list asked TSR which terms were infringing and the response they got was to hire a lawyer.

TSR's Letters to One of Many Anonymous FTP Sites:

Date: Thu, 28 Jul 94 17:28:59 -0400
Subject: TSR Copyrighted Material


Your site was recently included in a list of noted FTP sites for DUNGEONS AND
DRAGONS and ADVANCED DUNGEONS AND DRAGONS gaming material. You should be
aware that DUNGEONS AND DRAGONS and all related marks and properties are
copyrighted by TSR, Inc. of Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.

You should also be aware that any items created without a specific license
are infringements of TSR copyrights. Such items include (but are not
limited to) any software, net.books, modules, tables, stories, or rules
modifications which contain elements from our copyrighted properties,
including characters, settings, realm names, noted magic items, spells,
elements of the gaming system, such as ARMOR CLASS, HIT DICE, and so forth.
To date, TSR has not licensed any of these net publications.

On behalf of TSR, Inc. I ask that you examine your public net sites at this
time and remove any material which infringes on TSR copyrights.

Our intention is to find a way to license these and future creative efforts.
In the meantime, remove them from your sites without delay.

Please feel free to contact me with comments or questions. I will refer any
pertinent queries to our legal department as soon as I receive them.

Rob Repp | InterNet:
Manager, Digital Projects Group | InterNet:
TSR, Inc. | CompuServe: 76217,761
__________________________________ | GEnie: TSR.Online AOL: TSR Inc
All opinions are my own, not TSR's | 414-248-3625 Fax 414-248-0389


Date: Tue, 20 Sep 1994 11:53:57 -0500
From: (Rob Repp)

Mr. Fred Dayton
cc: Mr. Janaka Jayawardena
Portland State University

Mr. Dayton,

My name is Robert Repp. I work for TSR, Inc., makers of DUNGEONS AND
DRAGONS products. In the course of looking through the public FTP site at
Portland State, I came across a directory pub\frp\*. This directory appears
to contain an older mirror of the MPGNet FTP site. Contained within this
directory are several files which contain trademarks and copyrights owned
by TSR, Inc.

Among these files are several PLAYER'S HANDBOOK entries reproduced in their
entirety, several net.books which contain TSR copyrights and trademarks,
and properties owned by several other publishers.

While I cannot speak for other companies, on behalf of TSR, Inc. I must ask
you to remove all of these files from your site. They infringe on TSR
copyrights and trademarks, and should not be published from your site. We
have licensed MPGNet's FTP site at to be the sole carrier of
TSR trademarks and copyrights on the Internet at this time. If you wish to
contact them regarding moving your collection to their site, please email
David Brooks ( for information.

Please feel free to contact me at any of the addresses listed below, or by
voice from 9am to 5pm CST. I will gladly try to answer any questions you
may have regarding this matter.

Rob Repp | InterNet:
Manager, Digital Projects Group | InterNet:
TSR, Inc. | CompuServe: 76217,761
__________________________________ | GEnie: TSR.Online AOL: TSR Inc
All opinions are my own, not TSR's | 414-248-3625 Fax 414-248-0389


Anthony Fiarito
cc: Janaka Jayawardena
        Fred Dayton
        Constance Lindman, TSR Legal Dept.

Mr. Fiarito

I connected to today, and was dismayed to find that your
administrative staff has still not removed several files which infringe on
TSR trademarks and copyrights. Further, I found a notice (see below) which
states the administrator's intention to keep and disseminate several of
these files. I must warn you that these files clearly contain
infringements, and that they cannot lawfully be published from your site.

For your convenience, I have listed several sample files which infringe on
TSR copyrights and trademarks. This is not a complete list, but rather
meant to give you some idea of the material in question. Also, your site
appears to be mirroring a European site which is carrying several
questionable files. I will direct an appropriate note that site's
administrator. In the meantime, you should be aware that these files remain
problematic, regardless of their country of origin. Republishing foreign
files doesn't abrogate the need to comply with domestic regulations.

I remind you that we have licensed a site to carry TSR trademarks and
copyrights on the Internet ( If you wish to keep your
collection intact and public, I suggest that you email Rob Miracle at and make arrangements to transfer your holdings en masse.
Otherwise, they should be made inaccessible to the public.

I am in anticipation of your prompt reply.

Rob Repp | InterNet:
Manager, Digital Projects Group | InterNet:
TSR, Inc. | CompuServe: 76217,761
__________________________________ | GEnie: TSR.Online AOL: TSR Inc
All opinions are my own, not TSR's | 414-248-3625 Fax 414-248-0389

User Journal

Journal Journal: (draft notes) Mediacoder - Shame & Viruses

(draft notes)

What the hell is going on with Mediacoder ? It begun as an open source project of great promise, an FFmpeg UI for Windows that could also encode & mux Nero's AAC to mkv and mp4 and also combine Mplayer for resizing and cropping. But then the author started closing the sources piece by piece turning himself to the FFmpeg hall of Shame. And he started playing around with malware.

Here are some reported cases of viruses and malware in Mediacoder; they have been taken from the Mediacoder support forum (it's quite possible that the author will remove them from the forum in time)

Virus.Win32.Induc found in MediaCoder FullEdition
Postby Vboy  Wed Aug 19, 2009 1:13 pm

I was just scanning my whole computer today and my antivirus was detecting "Virus.Win32.Induc" in MPUI.exe file in the codecs folder of Mediacoder :shock: Just so that its not a false positive, uploaded it to virustotal and the result is 17/41 (41.47%) :(

Here is the link

I downloaded MediaCoder FullEdition from the mirror , and it downloaded few more files during setup. Actually when i first installed it offline and there were many missing files, to fix it installed it while online and it downloaded those missing files. Can some one explain what is going on here ???? First a spyware and now a VIRUS ??? Is this a false positive or what ??? :x :evil:

Re: Virus.Win32.Induc found in MediaCoder FullEdition

Postby stanley  Thu Aug 27, 2009 11:40 am
MPUI is removed since MPlayer's built-in GUI is used instead.
Hopefully this MPUI virus doesn't do much harm.

Sure Stanley, an innocent error.

Adware detected in installer

Postby pelle  Tue May 19, 2009 3:45 am
Doing a manual scan of the installer (v0.7.0.4399 - Full Edition) gives this with Eset NOD AV 4.0.424. Installer was downloaded from Sourceforge.

Number of scanned objects: 507
Number of infected objects: 1
Number of cleaned objects: 0

D:\Downloads\MediaCoder-  NSIS  rkinstall.exe - Win32/Adware.Agent.NMA application

The v0.7.0.4395 installer gives no such warning.

Extracting the v0.7.0.4399 installer with UniExtract. VirusTotal gives this result (20/40 (50.00%))for the rkinstall.exe located here (\MediaCoder-\$TEMP\$TEMP\rkinstall.exe)

Report form VirusTotal:

Most likely a false postive but can you verify the validity of the file rkinstall.exe contained in the installer?

Re: Adware detected in installer

Postby LoudThunder  Tue May 19, 2009 6:48 pm
I had the same answer for the same file.
Hope someone can tell us if rkinstall.exe is safe.

RkInstall.exe is truly a adware, but I don't understand why Mediacoder has it.
Someone can tell me what is going on?
Open Source is the most powerful way to spread knowledge.

Re: Adware detected in installer

Postby stanley  Sat May 23, 2009 1:58 am
It will not be installed by default.
When things work together, things work.

Re: Adware detected in installer

Postby jbkeh  Sat May 23, 2009 7:52 pm

Most people sane enough to use a virus checker have it set to scan anything being downloaded and to reject anything containing undesirable material.

Suggest you QUICKLY RETHINK this action - once the software package (and you) garner a reputation for inappropriate conduct, it will be irreparable.

You are killing the goose - I doubt you will find a collection of golden eggs.

Re: Adware detected in installer

Postby stanley  Sun May 24, 2009 1:13 am
The 4399 installer is repackaged and uploaded.

Here is the scanning report of VirtusTotal:

TrendMicro's detection of PAK_Generic.001 is obviusly a mis-reporting.


AntiVir reports latest MediaCoder AE has a virus

Postby nosignal  Tue Dec 02, 2008 5:05 am
AntiVir 8.2 reports MediaCoderAE- contains the signature of a "Pakes" file dropper. It has info on two related Pakes variants (I can't post the link exactly): www dot avira dot com

I could find no evidence of these drops, but I may not have been clever enough.

AntiVir is one of the most respected Antivirus programs out there. Assuming MediaCoder is safe, it is still quite a pain having AntiVir nag me about a virus on regular occassions, and many users could be put off.

Postby B!ink  Wed Dec 03, 2008 6:23 am
Did you download MediaCoder from here or from another website?

Postby Placio74 Â Wed Dec 03, 2008 2:36 pm
Probably just false positive... ... eae3ad1032

(MC-AE downloaded of course from sourceforge.)


4525 Contains virus

Postby ProjectMayu  Mon Oct 19, 2009 9:26 pm
Microsoft Security Essentials

I tried all 3 mirrors, same virus

Re: 4525 Contains virus

Postby mixer  Mon Oct 19, 2009 11:53 pm
Confirmed. Did you have any other symptoms? For instance, when plugging in a card reader you get the message: "No Disk in Drive"?

Re: 4525 Contains virus

Postby stanley  Tue Oct 20, 2009 11:53 am
Fixed in 4526.

Re: 4525 Contains virus

Postby mixer  Tue Oct 20, 2009 12:38 pm
Thanks Stanley for dealing with this potential problem so quickly. ( an obvious moron )


Spyware included: Win32/Comscore.gen

Postby kwreid  Sat Jun 13, 2009 12:14 pm
I downloaded Mediacoder for iPhone last night and installed it without any problem from this location:

However, today when I logged in I had a Windows Defender alert displayed for the downloaded EXE file above.
AVG Antivirus Free also did not find anything on the system. So it may be possible that this is a false positive.

I'm running Windows 7 public RC and AVG Free antivirus along with the built in Windows Defender. All spyware and virus definitions are up to date as of today.

The information reported by Windows Defender is shown below:

Monitoring Software

This program has potentially unwanted behavior.

Review the alert details to see why the software was detected. If you do not like how the software operates or if you do not recognize and trust the publisher, consider blocking or removing the software.





Journal Journal: How I improved energy savings on my nVidia 8800 GTS

The following is a walkthrough for a better power management of nVidia 8800 GTS video card (it will work on most nVidia or ATI cards). Experienced RivaTuner users only need to read this: you can achieve better power management if you depend on the video memory usage instead of the hardware acceleration boolean for your high frequency / low frequency switching.

I didn't like nVidia's own energy-saving settings because they didn't save a lot of energy as temperatures were still quite high when lower energy settings were enabled. In particular, the build-in energy saving

  1. Does not change the memory frequency at all
  2. Does not lower the GPU frequency too much
  3. It is disabled whenever a "hardware acceleration" call is invoked

All the items are self-explanatory but #3 needs some further attention: most CPU-based power management depends on CPU usage; that means, when you use your CPU intensively, it is switched to higher frequencies and voltages. There is currently no utility (or, more importantly, hardware call) to measure GPU usage. Therefore an alternative has to be found.

Nvidia's alternative is the hardware acceleration boolean. This boolean is switched on when 3D hardware acceleration features are being used, otherwise it is disabled. Therefore, nVidia's theory is that when 3d acceleration is required, then the your card should go to full power mode.

This is a bad idea because playing a video on a standard video player or a simple game with minimal 3d acceleration requirements will invoke such calls, yet neither of these require more than 1% of the monstrous 8800 GPU. (Windows Vista is using pixel shaders and therefore it invokes hardware acceleration calls all the time, but I am not using Vista and neither should anyone interested in saving energy).

On the other hand, video memory provides a much better source of data to rely on. With a few exceptions (mostly diagnostics and some benchmarks) demanding games will require a lot of video memory while non-demanding games (or video playback) will require small amounts of video ram. My threshold is set to 98 MB. Anything that requires more video ram will work on standard speed, while anything that requires less will work on energy saving settings.

Interested? You'll need:

  1. A standard or modified Forceware driver (version 150 or higher)
  2. The RivaTuner utility from Guru3D (version 2.08 or higher)

And this is what we'll do:

  1. Enable monitoring of various metrics
  2. Create a standard profile
  3. Create an underclocked profile
  4. Automate switching between profiles based on the video memory usage

1) Enable monitoring of various metrics

Install RivaTuner. And go from the Main tab to Target Adapter, Customize..., Hardware monitoring. Click on the background monitoring button (red button like Record on bottom left) and click on Setup, Plugins. Enable the VidMem.dll plugin. Click OK and tick on the Local Videomemory usage of the data sources (you are still on Setup, right?). It is also not a bad idea to tick on Core clock, Core clock shader and Memory clock to see what is going on. Click OK and inspect your graphs for a moment. You can close the hardware monitoring window and it will monitor the data sources on the background as you've set it up.

2) Create a standard profile

Now go to the Power User tab and change the RivaTuner\Overlcokcing\Global\MinClockLimit setting to 9. This will allow you to specify really low frequency settings. Go to the Main tab and open the System tweaks\Overclocking tab; save your current (default) clocks as a preset with the name "HIGH CLOCKS". You'll need this later.

3) Create an underclocked profile

Now it's time for some underclocking; set your Core clock and Memory clock to a low frequency combination (such as 128 Core /200 Memory) and click on "Test" to see what happens. It will probably be fine and you should hit "Apply" after that. If you wish try a lower combination. I use 80 Core / 80 Memory and I am fine with that.

Make sure those settings are enabled on both standard 2D and performance 3D settings (combo box on the top of the window). Now watch a video clip, play a game or run a short 3D speed test. Naturally reported FPS will be quite low (although not as low as you expect, a proof on how fast these cards really are). If all goes well (and I don't see why it shouldn't) go back to the System tweaks /Overclocking tab and click on apply overclocking at Windows startup and save it as a profile with the intuitive name "LOW CLOCKS" or something like that.

Note: newer versions of the Forceware drivers allow over/under clocking of the shader domain clock. You should change that as well for even better energy savings.

4) Automate switching between profiles based on the video memory usage

The point is that whenever you play a demanding game, your standard settings will have to kick in, otherwise you should be on the lower and cooler clocks. That was quite difficult with RivaTuner but fortunately the good (and donation-deserving) author has improved it a lot.

Go to the Launcher tab and click on the plus icon; choose Regular Item and type the name "HIGH CLOCKS" (again). Tick the "Associated overclocking profile" and pick the "HIGH CLOCKS" item from the combo box beneath. Click OK and do the same for the low clocks profile.

We are almost done; go to the Scheduler tab and click on the plus icon. Use the following settings to create the low clocks launcher:

Launch: item
Run task: on hardware monitoring threshold event
Data source: Local videomemory usage
Threshold: 98
Direction: downward
Display threshold on hardware monitoring graph: yes (a bright color will be fine)

and another launcher for high clocks:

Launch: item
Run task: on hardware monitoring threshold event
Data source: Local videomemory usage
Threshold: 99
Direction: upward
Display threshold on hardware monitoring graph: yes (a bright color will be fine)

That's it. It's done now. You can play a game and you'll see no difference because the standard clocks will take place. While working on the desktop though, you'll notice much lower temps (and lower fan noise) on your card.

It's a shame nVidia didn't pay greater attention to energy saving. It's not only an issue of doing something for the environment; keeping the temperatures of the video card low means that you keep the general system temperatures low. It also means that less heat is dissipated from the card which results in lower (if any) air conditioning bills for those living in warmer climates.

It would be really great if nVidia published an updated BIOS to automatically lower power settings based on the GPU usage instead of video memory. nVidia could also switch the voltage settings which means that the difference between low clocks to standard clocks would really be huge.

Thanks for reading; comments will be welcome.

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