Good point. Should have added "in civilized countries".
Slavery, monarchy, and arranged marriages were much older institutions that ended. Just because something is old doesn't mean it will survive. Patents and copyrights were easy to control when innovation was slow and capital intensive. Today tools for creation and copying are cheap so innovation is widespread. This will only increase. These monopolies will end because they will not be economical.
First off I think all Intellectual monopoly will go away in the next few decades because it will prove to be unworkable.
But if you are going to have this stupid system patent trolls serve an important purpose. They buy up patents from small inventors and in return provide the legal firepower the small inventors don't have.
Except for these
The costs for the shuttle program were pretty much fixed per year at $5B. The refurbishment of the SRB's and ET's were pretty cheap. If the Air Force didn't bail on the Shuttle a realistic flight rate would be once a month with 4 orbiters which would be about $400m per flight. With the existing infrastructure of 3 OPS's, 3 Bays in the VAB, Two Pads, 3 MLP's and 2 Crawlers you could have added another orbiter at about $1B to ramp up the rate. Also the infrastructure at Vandenburg was nearly finished and that could have upped the launch rate even more.
After the loss of Challenger the Air Force bailed on the Shuttle and instead created and flew the Titan IV at the cost of about $400 m per flight. If that money was kept with the Shuttle program the costs per flight could have been even cheaper.
The costs weren't due to technical problems with the Shuttle but politics.
You may be able to make a profit but you just won't get monopoly profits. Just like before recordings actors and singers earned money from live performances. if you want to make movies you have to keep them under your control in a theater, insert ads or product placements, fund through crowd sourcing, or try to come up with digital distribution easy enough that people will pay instead of copying. There are plenty of ways to make money creating content without monopoly.
There is already Economic incentives to create. You just won't have a small group of people get incredibly wealthy without a monopoly. Just like every other monopoly.
Property is scarce and property rights are consistent and non-contradictory. Ideas are not scarce. They can be freely reproduced without loss. Monopolies in ideas cannot be consistent and contradict property rights by giving others claim to your property.
The real underlying flaw with Intellectual Monopoly laws like Copyright and Patents is they violate property rights. Someone that creates a movie now has a legal claim on my hard drive. They can show up at my house and use violence against me if I arrange the magnetic patterns on a disc I own in a particular way. The same with patents. They can use force against me when all I have done is arrange materials I own in a certain pattern. These laws violate my property rights.
Your only argument is that monopolies can get rich is correct. When you can use force on peaceful people to make them pay you then you tend to get wealthy. Not a big shock there.
Basic Income is a type of guaranteed monthly income provided by tax payers to all citizens. It would be an alternative to the current welfare system.
What do you mean? If someone's labor is not worth the minimum wage they will just remain unemployed. That is not good for them or the economy.
That is not how an economy works. You actually need to produce things. Just increasing the money supply without increasing production will cause inflation as more money chases the same goods.
Because some people's labor is not worth the minimum wage. Let the businesses pay them what they are worth. A basic income can maintain a minimum standard of living without penalizing work. This way once you get the first job and increase your skills you can earn more. Cutting off the bottom rungs of the economic ladder isn't the answer.
We did. I have tuff stuff eraser pens. The kids still use the ones on pencils until they are gone.
I have 3 kids in school. In reality you only need a couple of pencils but LOTS of erasers. We have about 200 pencils with the erasers missing.