I am not aware of the documentary indicated, but a quick search turned up this "60 minutes" video, also covering the subject: http://www.styleite.com/news/l...
GUIs are like training wheels. But better, really - where the analogy falls down is that with training wheels you really have to get rid of them to get things going properly. Modern computers can typically run a simple GUI with idle resources so there is little or no benefit to unloading it. And even an advanced user will wind up shuffling through a menu looking for a seldom-used function now and then.
But for the stuff you do hundreds of times a day, every day, it's worth taking some time to work on eliminating the mouse wherever possible. Unless of course it's a task that you just cant do with the keyboard (drawing is the classic example) - the context switches back and forth between the two-handed position on the keyboard and the one-handed mouse-and-keyboard position are relatively high cost and with a tiny bit of thought most can be avoided.
No, it isnt, but keep telling yourself that.
"Sometimes, especially on a laptop, it's a pain to keep shifting from mouse to keyboard and back."
Exactly why you should avoid shifting away from the keyboard in the first place as much as possible.
"Besides, since when is running a particular program the only thing you would ever want to do on a given operating system?"
Well, running one program or another is in fact the only thing you would ever do an any OS. That's the entire point to the shell, and all the other stuff that has to be loaded underneath it. Am I misunderstanding you?
"Windows 8 if filled with non-intuitive commands,"
Like every other computer OS that's ever been or ever will be invented, yes.
"and offers almost nothing of value in return for scaling its rather steep learning curve."
Yeah, that I have to mostly agree with you on. It DOES offer some value - there are some real performance improvements over 7, and I have to give MS kudos for that - that's several releases in a row where they have managed to reverse their historical trend to ever-increasing system requirements - every MS system up through Vista was more bloated than the last and they have actually been trimming and tightening a bit with Win7 and then again with 8.
But the Metro interface is painful and stupid. The only point to it is to drive people to Windows Store and Windows Phones and for that reason alone I would like to see Win8 die painfully and profitless. The average end-user sees that upfront and experiences pain as a result and hates it, while s/he in most cases never has any call to consider whether it's more responsive, more stable, and has more free memory than the same machine would have running Win7, so to them it's a completely negative experience.
To the technically adept user it's a much more positive experience though, because we tend to naturally avoid the interface stupidity and are more likely to be aware of the improvements.
(A little historical note, "Metro" actually started in the early 90s with the Chicago team, who did a mock-up and a useability study before scrapping the idea. It gets dusted back off now because end users are no longer their customers in any statistically significant sense, and their entire focus right now is on OEM sales, Windows Store, and trying to find some way to get people on Windows Phone. )
The greatest time in that articel is spent claiming that 192Khz is overkill because everything above 20Khz is unhearable. He shows how a square looking waveform has all the right spectral components in the 20Khz range and so therefore it it is not missing anything. This is fourier and nyquist type argument that assumes linearity.
as you put it F( a+b) = F(a) + F(b). When this is true then it's as he said. But if F(a+b) != F(a) + F(b) then you need more than 20Khz to describe the spectrum.
I'm not saying 192Khz is the right thing. I'm just say the entire argument in the article is assuming linearity to draw the conclusions that the 0-20Khz spectrum contains all the information you can hear.
In fact we already know that ears are not linear. This is in fact how some compression algorithms function. They know that as it gets loud that you can't hear quieter frequencies as efficiently so they are removed. This is an example that actually works in the opposite direction-- that there's less information needed. However it supports the notion that describing everything by spectral analysis is wrong when things are linear.
You said, well it's just a change of basis. Sort of. How tightly you want to sample has th be determined first. This is what actually sets the bases that the analysis is going to be changing between. A given point spacing in time for a given lenght of time forces the interval over which the fourier transform exists. Conversely if you insist that the highes frequency is 20K (or 40K for nyquist) then you have fixed the time interval of the sampling. You are then blind to any point in the intervals between which is where the non-linear effects could, conceivebly, hide.
According to the New Jersey MVC (PDF), if you purchased a vehicle in another state and paid sales tax on the vehicle, you provide MVC with the receipt. If you paid 7% or more sales tax in the other state, you pay no sales tax to New Jersey. If you paid less than 7%, you pay the difference to New Jersey. In practical terms, if the purchaser buys in the states neighboring New Jersey, there is no additional cost — New York State sales tax is 4%, Pennsylvania sales tax is 6%.
For example: Alice, who lives in Atlantic City, buys a Tesla in middle-of-nowhere Pennsylvania (6% rate) for $60,000. Alice pays Pennsylvania sales tax on that vehicle in the amount of $3600. If she had purchased the vehicle in New Jersey, she would have to pay $4200 in sales tax. So when registers her vehicle with the MVC, she'll owe the difference ($600), plus title fee ($60) and registration fee ($59 assuming it weighs under 3,500 pounds, see here), and possibly, if Christie is really an a-hole, a 0.4% Luxury Surcharge ($240). Keep in mind, if she purchased the vehicle in New Jersey, she'd pay the same sales tax, but all of it would go to New Jersey. If she purchased the vehicle in New York (4% sales tax), she would pay $2400 in tax to New York and $1800 in tax to New Jersey.
But, I could be missing something. If so, please let me know.
Whats this "early" mean?
The whole analysis at the list site assumed fourier spectral analysis, nysquat limits, etc.... Thats assuming linearity in the way they used them.
Anyway, regardless of position, you could probably make more money in the private sector if you are really motivated to go out and make the next big thing. But this sort of job is about more than compensation. It draws people that really believe in the cause (who eventually become disillusioned, and sometimes become whistleblowers) along with amoral sociopaths that get off on power. Unfortunate that the latter stand a much better chance of being promoted and the former of being waterboarded, seems backwards somehow, but oh well.
I suppose I actually do use it in a sense though - as that is where windows search has gone. But again I am hardly using that unusable excuse for an interface, it's just win-foobar on the keyboard and go.
I still find it funny that in 2014 Microsoft has now decided to sell an OS that is only usable from the keyboard, but it doesnt slow me down at all.