It just shows that at a certain level of volume it makes more sense to produce the product yourself. These companies need to move terabits of traffic long distances. If they did this purely by leasing capacity from traditional telecoms they would be paying millions of dollars per month. For that kind of money, you can build one hell of a transport network and then have control as well as cost savings. Unfortunately with Submarine routes the only reliable way to get fiber in the cable is to be a member of the consortium building it. You can't come along years later and buy dark fiber because it's all in use quick.
Correlation is not causation. Living in a high crime area motivates people to defend themselves.
I grok the snark, but in my experience people who take their own initiative on learning and personal development gain 10x more than people who get sent to some boot camp or seminar on their employers dime. If you are learning something useful it all comes back to you in a future paycheck anyway. "I haven't been trained on this" is generally an excuse I hear from people who wouldn't know their ass from a hole in the ground even if they did attend a 3 day ass-recognition boot camp.
Seems like a solution looking for a problem to me.
People said the same thing about the laser for decades.
This could be a low power way to sync your phone with your watch or your watch with your TV or your TV with your robotic vacuum cleaner. Wifi has a lot of complexity built in, and uses a lot of power. This could also have some niche applications in noisy environments like electrical utilities.
Before anyone says anything about fiber optics, this is useless for any application other than short range wifi/bluetooth replacement type technologies. The attenuation of light in fibre has a minimum around 1550nm, infra-red. Shorter wavelengths experience high attenuation due to scattering. Longer wavelengths have more absorption.
To be fair, it's a continuation of what the English have been doing to German for 1500 years.
It isn't even close dude.
Actually it is close, and it's only in the most recent election that Republicans took the lead in fundraising. I expect this is largely driven by the general lack of progress on social issues and the outstanding progress towards a police state we have made.
Yes. Although more and more amplifiers are either Raman effect based or hybrid Raman/EDFA.
He didn't address peering at all, so it's possible that Comcast/VZ/ATT could still bottleneck their peering links to Google/Netflix/Amazon to reduce the amount of bandwidth their customers have access to without doing anything in 'the last mile'.
Raman amplifiers add zero latency. EDFA amplifiers add latency equivalent to the length of the fiber coil inside, which is going to be just a few microseconds.
No, it really doesn't. 5 microseconds per kilometer of latency.
The receive sensitivity on common '10G' DWDM optics is frequently down to -24 dBm or lower. That's less than a hundredth of a mw. So from that perspective, that +0 or +3 dBm is rocket hot. 100G optics aren't quite as sensitive, but still down to -14 or -17 or so depending on the specs.
This sort of thing is measured in dBm to make the math easier. Decibel Milliwatts, where 0 dBm = 1 mw and it's a logarithmic scale up and down from there.
Individual channels are on the order of 0 to 5 dBm, or 1 to 3 mw. The composite signal coming out of an amplifier, which consists of multiple channels, is on the order of 20 dBm depending on how many channels are active and what the reach of the amplifier is. That's about 100 mw. Definitely a laser safety concern, but not military style death ray.
There are, which is why the electricity is at very high voltages to overcome it, which is why it attracts sharks. I'm more of a terrestrial guy, but if i remember correctly what they do is apply a very high + voltage on one end of the cable and a very high - voltage on the other end, and the amplifiers are powered in series inside of 'festoons' on the bottom of the ocean.