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+ - Protecting America's Processors

Submitted by aarondubrow
aarondubrow (1866212) writes "The National Science Foundation and the Semiconductor Research Corporation announced nine research awards to 10 universities totaling nearly $4 million under a joint program focused on Secure, Trustworthy, Assured and Resilient Semiconductors and Systems. The awards support the development of new strategies, methods and tools at the circuit, architecture and system levels, to decrease the likelihood of unintended behavior or access; increase resistance and resilience to tampering; and improve the ability to provide authentication throughout the supply chain and in the field.

"The processes and tools used to design and manufacture semiconductors ensure that the resulting product does what it is supposed to do. However, a key question that must also be addressed is whether the product does anything else, such as behaving in ways that are unintended or malicious," said Keith Marzullo, division director of NSF's Computer and Network Systems Division."

+ - Why does the DNA double helix twist to the right?->

Submitted by Annanag
Annanag (3853767) writes "Most organic molecules have left- or right-handed versions, mirror images of each other, just like gloves. For some reason, life always seems to favour one version over the other — the DNA double helix in its standard form always twists like a right-handed screw, for example. But why this preference for left or right happens has always been a mystery. Now, in an experiment that took 13 years to perfect, physicists have found hints that this asymmetry of life could have been caused by electrons from nuclear decay in the early days of evolution."
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Comment: Re:If True: Shameful (Score 1) 258

by SN16k (#40907055) Attached to: Did an Unnamed MIT Student Save Apollo 13?
There were no doubt many folks involved in that sling shot maneuver. A woman employee of TRW was mentioned in the Company's monthly newsletter, as being part of that effort but I never saw her acknowledged again. The last name is hard to forget, a Ms Kludge, a mathematician probably an OD specialist. TRW, which is now part of Northrop Grumman Corporation played a significant role on the Apollo project, supplying the Abort Guidance System (AGS), Digital Data and Entry (DEDA) besides the Lunar Descent Engine (LEMD).

Comment: Re:"Authorized" reproduction (Score 1) 99

by SN16k (#29085067) Attached to: Building an Apple-1 From Scratch — Just Like Woz
Right on, the old Apple Computer Company was much more approachable company and truly interested in sharing knowledge with the early adopters, Long before we were pigeon holed with that disparaging label. I was one of those folks, purchasing a Apple II, S/N 16,xxx/something. Paid $199 for my second bank of memory (16K I believe). Purchased an add on board so LC letters could be displayed. Attended AUG meetings at Computer World in Orange County, CA. Met the "Woz" at one of the meetings and looked at his scrap book of photos from very early days of "Apple". Ah those were the days. Woz struck me as being a very enthusiastic and genuine person and role model, my hero.

In any formula, constants (especially those obtained from handbooks) are to be treated as variables.

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