It seems the highly 'exceptional' people in Jeff Bezos' circle have re-invented Taylorism, which is an abiding disregard for the well-being of workers. This indifference and disregard is called "scientific". Efficiency is something to be squeezed out of people second by second, the long-term effects be damned.
I came in here to mention Taylorism, but you beat me to it. There's a great episode of The Secret Life of Machines about the evolution of the modern office, and it goes into some depth about Taylor and the problems with scientific management.