If we look at jet aircraft, wear depends on the airframe and the engines, and the airframe seems to be the number of pressurize/depressurize cycles as well as the running hours. Engines get swapped out routinely but when the airframe has enough stress it's time to retire the aircraft lest it suffer catastrophic failure. Rockets are different in scale (much greater stresses) but we can expect the failure points due to age to be those two, with the addition of one main rocket-specific failure point: cryogenic tanks.
How long each will be reliable can be established using ground-based environmental testing. Nobody has the numbers for Falcon 9R yet.
Weight vs. reusable life will become a design decision in rocket design.
Here you go: 181 pages of testimony that the Grand Jury heard.
I submit to you that you do not know what happened. Don't feel bad- very few people outside of the 12 members of the Grand Jury have heard all of known facts of the case. I certainly don't know what happened.
But please keep this in mind. Things that you accept as fact are not really facts. Case in point: your assumption that Brown had surrendered. Some of the sworn testimony that was released tonight following the prosecutor's press conference indicates that Brown had not surrendered, and in fact was charging the police officer "like a football player" with his head down and fists clenched. And at the same time, as the prosecutor detailed in his press conference, much of the early eye witness accounts that indicated that Brown had surrendered did not hold up under further scrutiny.
As I said, I don't know what happened, but I think this is enough to move the narrative that Brown had surrendered out of the "fact" category.
I don't see what the big deal is. How about, put a security guard on the front door, and back door, and lock the door. This isn't that big of a problem. Everywhere else in America, rich people get by with either a doorman, a gate, or both.
Not rocket science.
Like others I found the headline confusing. I read it as "Researchers are predicting the use of Wikipedia as a vector for the spread of disease". This may mean that:
- Disinformation and ignorance are diseases.
- Memes and computer viruses are diseases.
- Wilipedia contains information that leads to depression.
- Instructions on Wikipedia lead to substance abuse.
- This is getting entertaining, fill in your own reason here.
That's an interesting take. You found Miami to be uber conservative?
Yes, the keys are a little different. The weather is more mild. The daily highs are similiar, but it's almost constant sea breeze. The daily high of 90 in the summer is not the same sticky hot variety you get inland.
Silicon Valley does a lot going for it, in that it's a nexus with a critical mass of people with money, employees, and business people. But it's not the center of the world.
I do think it's funny that Florida is considered such a redstate. It's not. The major metro areas are demographically similar to many places on the west coast. Highly skilled, younger crowd, and ethnically diverse. Several of the metro areas have a lower average age than the Bay, even. Tampa area average age is 3 years younger than the bay area, for example, at 29.5 years. Both California and Florida have passed gay marriage bands that were later overturned in Federal court.
One thing to watch out for in Silicon Valley is that it is highly susceptible to bubbles. There is almost certainly a tech bubble going on right now - it's not much of a secret. This has fueled an almost insane real-estate bubble. When the jobs start to dry up, which will dry up around the time that the stock market starts to pull back and VC money is hard to find, the situation may be different. Florida has it's own bubbles, but they are primarily in construction and other fields.
Finally, the list of reasons why it's great to be an employee in California are probably the reason why there are some experiments to to place some jobs in other states. In the end, people and talent will go where the jobs are.
It is very difficult to compare states evenly, but it is worth trying at some points. California (actually, like Texas and Florida) is adding a lot of new jobs because it lost so many in the recession. It has a lot of damage to undo. This is a good and bad thing.
Companies don't really move, you go that right. Sometimes, occasionally, they do, but it's not a real thing. But business does come and go, and at least part of that is the result of the business environment.
California population growth is still strong, but both Texas and Florida are growing faster. In all three cases, population growth and a few key industries are doing a lot of the heavy lifting economically.
You have a lot packed into that post. It's a sort of typical Silicon Valley is the center of the Universe attitude. A few interesting things I would just point out:
Florida, like California, is a big state. It's approximately 20 million people, only about 55% of California, but economically, pretty diverse. There is a bubble in Silicon Valley, it's fairly well recognized, and it's going to pop. It's a matter of timing as to when, and luck as to how bad it will be. Many local real estate markets in California are also once again over-valued, and if/when the jobs and inflated stock market deflate, even slowly, the real estate market will be in bad shape (again). California and Florida both had big shocks with foreclosures in the great recession, however, Florida has not put the brakes on new development, which have kept new home prices relatively low.
Weather wise - I mean - you can have your pick. If you live near the west coast, like say Tampa or Bradenton - you are looking at daily average highs from about 70 in the winter to 90 in the summer. If you head down to the islands, it's a narrower band and more comfortable from the ocean winds.
Recreationally, Florida has an amazing network of state parks, and you get a nice variety of beaches - you can have white-sand beaches that are similiar to California, or you can have some amazing active beaches. Yes, there is Disneyworld, and Universal, and Busch Gardens, and SeaWorld. There's a lot to do around those things for adults - Universal for example has a pretty interesting Halloween event if you are into that type of thing.
Politics wise, is obviously in the eye of the beholder, but it's a bit weird to claim Florida is some weird political universe when you've got San Fransico in your backyard, protesting buses. Like California, Florida has a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage, which have been reversed by Federal courts. The best comparison between California and Florida government, however, is that in Florida, the State government is basically not part of your life as an individual citizen. I moved to Florida a few years back, and I am fairly convinced that the State of Florida, except for a line item in a motor vehicle database somewhere, has no clue I live here. There is no State Income tax, nothing to file, no refund to beg for. I bought a new car, and there are no trips to city hall, or the DMV. You get a real license plate at the dealer that renews automatically by mail. And that's it. If you live in any of the rural areas, you won't have the state government in your way, and you probably have a town government either. Millions of people live in unincorporated areas, which effectively mean, you own a piece of land and pay some tax to the county, but there is no sub-division of government that makes municipal laws or regulation over you. Yes, that caters to weirdos, but it also caters to people who just want to be left alone, to live a peaceful life.
There are a lot of other positive aspects to living in Florida. We have a robust and dynamic healthcare market in most metro areas, with several large hospital groups fighting for patients. There are a many doctors who compete for patients, and keep prices low. When I shopped for health insurance last year, on the ACA marketplace, I had over 60 plans to choose from, and almost all of them were well below the national average.
Industry wise, we are more diverse in most cities than you'll find in Silicon Valley. The next wave of carnage, like the first bubble, will be epic. In Florida, we have a strong tourism sector, and companies like Mariott and Disney provide many excellent, middle class and professional job, along with roughly 250k lower-wage unskilled jobs. Educationally, Florida has an excellent University system. UF, USF, UCF are all fine universities. On top of that, there is an extensive community college network. For high schoolers, students graduating at the top of their class get free college tuition. And, it''s rather affordable. If you have a child today, you can pre-pay their 4-year university tuition for $178/month, till their 18th birthday. That will cover tuition, fees and some living expenses for any state university. There are good technology jobs in finance, banking, education, R&D, pharma, aviation, manufacturing, tourism, construction and other segments.
Cost wise, almost all areas of Florida beat California hands down. Depending on which formula's you use, Florida is 20-30% less expensive to live in than California, and depending on the area, can be quite a bit more than that as well. Utilities, food, real estate and/or rent are all less on average.
I am all for Silicon Valley, but it's not the center of the world. Florida is doing pretty well - like California there is a lot of immigration, a lot of cultural diversity (and in fact, Florida is growing population wise at twice the rate of California).
Agreed, practically right now, not much value.
Yes, your wet dream of an armed revolt is worth thousands of dead every year from guns.
Yes, exactly, it is. It is trivial to reduce your chance of dying in gun violence to barely above noise. Avoid large cities. There you go. Problem solved.
And, in return, we get a government terrified of it's citizens revolting. Look at Pennsylvania. One person completely disrupted the State police by staging a suicide attack against the state government. Weeks and weeks and weeks of complete abject panick inside the State police. They took one dead, two wounded as causulities.
The State cannot handle any significant armed revolt. One small cult in Texas paralyzed the entire Federal government's Department of Justice. A small number of thousands of armed citizens could easily depose the Federal government, and take physical custody of Congress an the White House. Consider that in Texas, 20% of all citizens own more than five pistols or rifles. It would take barely 1% of those to completely overwhelm the Federal government.