"112" is just for European emergency services.
I find that phones have all of the emergency numbers for all of the countries they are being sold to (so me being from the UK, I get the US codes) which I suppose is easier than customising it based on destination.
Are you kidding me? Have you seen the amount of attempts by countries trying to take down sites far outside their jurisdiction? Just look at the example of the pirate bay - endless american entities attempting to take down a swedish site. So what do they do? Alter political will in that country to bend it to their will - something that was actually shown to have happened in the leaked cables.
I think if they can afford a space trip, and they are affordable, it is an acceptable price to pay for light pollution - especially since with it comes exploration of space and even extraterrestrial colonies