If you saw anyone just hanging out in a bathroom would you question it?
Can you tell the difference between a trans gender man wearing a skirt and another woman without feeling them up and invading their privacy? The only way to tell is to look over the wall of the stalls.
The first question is yes, and the second is no. You can't tell if it is just a guy in a dress, sure maybe if he isn't a transgender and goofing off but most transgender guys to women, have fake breasts and sport real cleavage, so unless you see the bump between her legs you can't tell. These are the ones on estrogen, softening their face, and cutting back on hair.
Actually good engineers push the boundaries all the time. That is how they succeed. Smart engineers push the boundary , then break it, and then cut back by x% for safety, reliability, and longevity. You can't design something new without knowing all the limits and the only way to due that is to push forward. You test software to test your design, and to look for boundaries that kept in as something is more than the sum of its parts. Good engineering isn't pushing back against fads, that's politics.
Good engineers fuckup regularly in design and development, but in production cut back. That is why software ships with so many bugs. They have design, development and then ship the code. They rarely go back to a solid Production phase.
Anyone can be stupid, greedy or mean. I know liberals that are all three. Nope conservatives, prevent progress because you can't show them something new is better. I have a couple of 60 year old coworkers. Great people, nice smart , one is even an engineer how can disassemble and repair complex equipment. They have used computers for 30 years, and they still can't figure out how to use a file system properly.they can't understand that a scanned PDF equals the piece of paper in their hands. They have to keep that piece of paper in a folder in a real file cabinet, but they are conservatives and can not equate a file in a folder in a real cabinet, and a file in a folder on a computer.
That is the intelligence of conservatives. In thirty years you will be that old person, unable to grasp the basic operation of computers 30 years from now. You will still program with the best of them, but you will struggle using the interface,and understand why things are being done that way, what options are available and tested, because to you it will all be a new fad even though it started 10 years earlier.