It might not be "official", but I think the mainstream European system of law is usually referred to as "civil law".
Good idea. If you've set the password on the hard drive, moving it to a different machine won't help.
Based on the summary, it's a completely wrong headed approach that leads to endlessly redefining terms. When this debate first started I thought it was a lot more clear: it's okay to prioritize based on protocols but it's not okay to prioritize based on source/destination.
Not sure why they're making it so complex now.
Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and think what nobody else has thought.