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Comment Re:thank you gemalto (Score 2) 45

The eSim isn't necessarily a software device. Think TPM.

"Upcoming new generation of SIM is called e-SIM or eSIM (embeddedSIM), which is non-replaceable embedded chip in SON-8 package which may be soldered directly onto a circuit board. It will have M2M and remote SIM provisioning capabilities."

It's just that rather than having to produce secure, tiny, portable, replaceable chips, they build a chip into the device that can be programmed (maybe only one or a limited number of times, or only with a signed update) to any number.

So rather than having to mess around with cards, you just identify the chip in the device directly.

Comment Re:Artificial Gravity (Score 4, Insightful) 149

Showers aren't practical in space anyway... forming gravity just for them is ridiculous, and no you don't "need two pumps" (that would be easy!) - you just need air flow. Imagine showering in a wind tunnel - it works just fine and is probably more efficient. The real problem is that you need to seal the entire shower all around as the water will escape from ANY direction.

Sleeping - some of the best reported sleeps are in space, no weight makes for better comfort. But you don't need to be "strapped down", you just need to be lightly tethered so you don't wander off at any speed. Two bungee cords attached to a harness in space will give you the best sleep you ever had.

Laptop fans operate just fine in space. Like the shower, airflow is still present even in the absence of gravity. You're not living in a vacuum.

Body muscles, yes, they deteriorate. Which is why they exercise. But they only deteriorate relative to Earth - for space use they are just fine. Long-term space living, your body adapts to its surroundings rather than building muscle mass that would be wasted anywhere but on Earth.

Comment Re:Goodwill & Dell Computer (Score 5, Insightful) 274

I have disposed of tons of monitors over the years, all with WEEE-compliant disposal agents.

One of them told me that they get paid a pound (British) each to take them to Heathrow. They are loaded on a plane. A guy from a company in India / Asia signs them off and gives them the money. He then pays to ship them out to Asia.

The ONLY way that can be profitable, is for them to be landfilled in a country that doesn't care about what they are landfilling.

On my end, I have all the paperwork, so I have disposed of them "ethically". So has the guy with the van that he takes to Heathrow loaded with monitors every week. And he takes any boxes of cables, which he tells me the copper - melted down - pays for his fuel. Otherwise he wouldn't make profit himself.

I imagine your goodwill store are doing the same, they just don't know it.

Honestly - what possible use is an old, broken CRT monitor? None. That's why we've been throwing them away for decades rather than try to repair them. Even if you look into what's in them, there are no profitable parts you can extract while still being environmentally-friendly (sure, if you don't give a shit about the kids handling rare earth metals to get at tiny slivers of precious metals, then it all "works").

You've been fed a line. But for the last 15 years I've not heard anything but the same thing from all the different people who come to collect our e-waste, all of whom sign off, all of whom get their thing signed-off, but nobody knows what happens to the end product as it goes abroad (at HUGE expense if you consider cargo rates and handling on tons of monitors).

There are numerous studies that put GPS trackers in e-waste. Almost without exception they end up abroad and in landfill.

Whether it's you, the goodwill store, Dell, their disposal company, or the people they use doing that "knowingly" it's almost impossible to tell. But you're aren't doing shit for the planet, I assure you.

Comment Sigh (Score 3, Insightful) 640

They're over the limit?

Sorry, whatever the ultimate cause of the accident, they were unfit to drive, thus pontificating over what they "would have" done in another is absolutely pointless. This driver got into a car and drove off when there was even a RISK of being near or over the limit and never questioned it.

They are, therefore, a BAD DRIVER. The cause of their death - whether that's a guy on the wrong side of the road, unintended acceleration, a fire, etc. is incidental to their decision to drive. That's why we make brakes and steering wheels and train people to pass a test to ensure they're fit to drive, so you can avoid obstacles, stop the car, press the right pedal and not lose control if you're being a driver of even satisfactory driving skill.

Yeah, it's sad. Yeah that kind of acceleration is unnecessary. Yeah, maybe there was a guy on your side of the road - it happens, there are idiots everywhere and people use the other side for overtaking, manoeuvres, etc. all the time. But the driver drove a car without knowing its capabilities, or feeling discomfort at it themselves enough to NOT drive it, or without taking "due care" (a phrase that will come up a lot) to ensure they didn't accelerate unintentionally no matter the situation. And they chose to do so while their judgement was impaired beyond legal limits.

Contributing factors are the least of your problems, compared to telling your OTHER sons and daughters, and their friends and family to NEVER DRIVE DRUNK if they don't want to kill themselves and others.

That you have to state that to an adult is really a sad state of affairs.

If it had been on a Harley (there are electric Harley's now too!), and they'd done the same, would you be calling for motorbikes to be outlawed where you weren't saying that before? The device is not the problem - someone pressing the throttle when they mean the brake is never going to end well, even for a fraction of a second. The problem is that you have allowed yourself to bring up your children to think that drink-driving is fine and acceptable, even if you know it's illegal, and then blame others when your KILLER of a child takes someone else out too by driving drunk.

Fuck, I don't even let work colleagues do that. I have literally removed people's keys and they've started fights with me over doing so. If your own child did it, fix that problem before you look at ANYTHING else.

Comment Re:Follow Proper Procedure: Call Company's Legal D (Score 2) 626

"but then it's also the border agent's right to detain you till you do"

Or get a warrant to say it's necessary.
Which would probably be refused.

The fear of "we'll just hold you until you co-operate" is not due process.

You object.
You wait.
Then you call in the lawyers (in this case JPL's, I imagine).
Because - as stated - they have no right to demand the passcode.
Hell, I'd be making them sign an NDA. As in YOU PERSONALLY sign the NDA to tell me what you'll do with the information in the phone. They'll refuse, of course they will, but it's not like I'm being uncooperative, I'm asking you to document, receipt and provide data security for that thing you're trying to access, which is a core part of evidence preservation anyway.

But there is a reason that I a) wouldn't enter the US, b) wouldn't try to take any electronic devices even if I did.

This guy worked for JPL. Imagine what that's doing to your foreign workers and people on business trips from other countries. They just aren't going to want to do business with you if their secret patents are being shared willy-nilly around the TSA offices without some kind of guarantee.

Hell, if they asked for my social media, I'd refuse beyond showing them my (locked-down) public Facebook page. If that gets me detained, even theoretically, then I'm not risking going at all.

The US is so anti-foreigner nowadays that they are basically going to cut themselves further off from the world than their own ignorance takes them anyway.

Comment Re:So? (Score 5, Insightful) 145

Red Hat gave us RPMs,systemd and NetworkManager. If I was drawing up a kill-list for a Linux distro, those would be at the top.

Outside of their high-end enterprise stuff and the kernel itself, they don't really touch that much. I'm a network manager and have deployed and managed Linux systems, and still do (VMs make this much easier nowadays, alongside the traditional MS setup). I've never once touched Red Hat as a distro for that purpose.

But I've bought any number of Slackware DVDs. Just the fact that Slackware is clean upstream code and simple patches for the most part, rather than highly customised stuff to make it work for The One True Distro gets my money.

I'm sure they do invest and they have a lot of code spread around, but they clearly aren't after my money. They just want huge businesses and not smaller shops at all. The pricing alone tells you that.

But Slackware? I've bought CD's almost every year (that are basically useless as soon as they've published because they are out-of-date and I never use physical media anyway), and the amount of work that goes into making it *my* OS is what I'm rewarding.

Red Hat don't have a penny of my money, in comparison.

Comment Re:Anti-theft device (Score 1) 142

Better than "software only" suicide, yes, it removes the value in the device.

But blowing a difficult-to-replace electronic fuse after zapping the memory would be simply and easier for such a purpose, and also be a device that would be allowed on the plane.

We're trying to STOP phones being dangerous, not make them more so.

And properly controlled and encrypted devices have an automatic protection against theft of data - it's called the encryption. Remove the encryption key or store it on a TPM chip if you have to. Better - put it on a TPM chip where the self-destruct features just clears the chip. Cheaper, simpler, safer, and can be done with existing devices.

Comment Re:Confusion (Score 1) 651

I'll give you my login to anything, even Facebook. Hell, my Slashdot login is above this very message.

What use is that to use unless it's so open that it's showing everything you said (e.g. my Slashdot). My social media logins get you almost nothing that you wouldn't already have by that point.

Are you suggesting they've stopped at that point, when there are no posts visible because "Homeland Security" isn't in your friend list on Facebook? I don't think so. I think, at minimum, they're asking you to reveal a login and if they're suspicious (which could include "Gosh, he doesn't let us see ABSOLUTELY EVERYTHING"), then it will go for passwords too.

And, technically, the email on this account of mine is completely different to the email of other accounts. Hell, I have about 20+ domains all with unlimited aliases I could use on them. There's no help there at all.

No, this is about volunteering information, and then if there's any suspicion (you didn't volunteer) forcing it out of you.

The US has been dead to me since just before 9/11 when all this nonsense started. I literally CANNOT take a laptop or phone which may have any work logins, emails or anything else at all on it into the US. EU law says that's breaking the law.

That ruins a whole load of stuff you might want to do on holiday, and kills business trips stone dead.

And if you demand logins to unrelated things, I'm likely to refuse. It's that likely to get me into trouble, I'm likely not to bother trying to go.

As such, not been to the US in years and have no current intention to go there.

Comment Re:And? (Score 1) 122

And life expectancy - and overall deaths - nearly halved in most developed countries at the same time.

Cancer is what happens to you when nothing else kills you - it's quite literally a lottery on every cell replication as to whether it mutates badly or not. And over time, you WILL get and die of cancer if nothing else does.

Blaming increasing lifespan, which means more people die of cancer, on the presence or invention of plastic is actually good evidence FOR plastic. Such as - how do you sterilise or clean paper, cloth, etc. to food standards? Much harder than doing the same for plastic.

Additionally, almost every substance known to man is carcinogenic or has carcinogenic variants or cousins. What you're basically saying is "The only thing now left to kill us if the extremely low risk of cancer from an otherwise pretty harmless substance, that up until we started using it had even worse alternatives".

There are lies, damn lies, and statistics. And statistics mean nothing if you don't interpret them in context.

Comment Re:Fast food (Score 5, Interesting) 122

You're confusing fast food with meat.

Meat isn't bad for you, in any way shape or form. There are no conclusive, unchallenged papers saying so.

In fact, very nearly the opposite:

United Kingdom-based vegetarians and comparable nonvegetarians have similar all-cause mortality. Differences found for specific causes of death merit further investigation.

60,310 people studied. That's a LOT.

But don't confuse "meat-eating" with "fast-food junky". And don't think that a vegan or vegetarian diet does ANYTHING for you. It doesn't. It's just the same, but you can't eat meat. If you're used to eating meat, that can make you miserable.

And if you go too strict, you can do more damage to your body and have to take an artificial supplement to restore what's missing from your diet (i.e. the stuff normally found in meat!).

And what you think wild-caught salmon is going to do differently to you than a farmed salmon, we can argue about until the cows come home but basically the stats say the same again: It makes NO difference.

Rather than try to argue on the basis of "this sounds good, and I think I'm helping", find some proper, serious, researched literature and narrow down what you're recommending.

Is it a) meat or lack of it, b) fish instead of meat, c) "free-range" fish over farmed fish, d) vegetarian over meat-eating, e) anything over fast-food?

Because confusing the issue in ONE SENTENCE between five different things, and getting most of those wrong in terms of actual science, is not the way to convince people.

You might as well tell me to only use organic pencils as they "draw better".

Comment And? (Score 4, Informative) 122

What's inside the plastic wrapping is going to kill you quicker than whatever the wrapping is made of.

Or, otherwise, we'd pretty much all be dead by now.

Sure, start phasing it out, like thousands of things before it, but it's not an end-of-the-world, evil-fast-food-chain, profiteering-bastards kind of story at all.

Hell, I remember when McDonald's burgers came in a polystyrene box. They changed that and it's now a card-thing with shiny outside. I'm sure those things were always marked as "food-safe" or they'd have been in court a million times by now because of it.

But our idea of food-safe changes as knowledge increases. I wouldn't be surprised if we ended up going back to polystyrene boxes at some point, we're bound to find out that something older and abandoned actually wasn't all that bad or we can now make it without it being bad.

But the tone of the summary/story is quite heavily in the "OH MY GOD WE'RE ALL GOING TO DIE" section. When actually the story is more like "Huh, there's a tiny chance this could very slightly statistically be worse for you that paper. Oh well, let's change that, but it's not worth panicking and trying to do that overnight. Let's just phase it out for something slightly better."

Hell, they banned fish and chip shops in the UK from using newspaper for wrapping the food in, which they always did in my father's day, because of the ink in the paper being not ideal to wrap a greasy load of fried fish and potato into. But try and point to someone who died or was taken ill as a result and you'd be hard pressed to come up with anything at all.

And then, ironically, they all started using polystyrene and plastics, which we're now telling them are bad for the environment and they should go back to paper, and recycled paper at that...

Comment Re:And in other news (Score 1) 191

No, it's not.

Poker is an easy game to describe. You can get perfect statistics for chances and what remains in the deck (if applicable).

What you couldn't do up until now was the BETTING on poker. When you have $64k of chips in front of you, the optimal amount to bet is not obvious or easily iterated by brute force. Just sheer size of the potential "game-tree" in that betting was the only obstacle.

Go was the same - the game tree is huge, and we now have heuristics that can cull it earlier and better than before, but it's still uniterable in any reasonable time. However, we now do it well enough to beat top human players.

However, NONE of this is related to image recognition or translation, which are still as flaky as they ever were. Game-theory is almost entirely tree based on a limited set of options. When we conquer the amount of options available, the game-tree is parseable and you win enough of the time that you can't be beat, and you can reproduce the results consistently. Game-theory is a science and a mathematic.

But the other "AI" stuff is still in the realm of guess-and-train, plugging heuristics and millions of examples into an algorithm that tries to categorise and find a limited set of patterns. They are not reliable, reproducible, or even very scientific at all, and most of the AI field is software-engineering and heuristical analysis. Do not trust your car to recognising an image of a child running across the road because it WILL NEVER see any of the training images ever again, even if you perfectly reproduce the circumstances, and so it's always guesswork.

Computers - and "AI" as the movies would let you think it - are not good at that kind of thing. It's why CAPTCHAs exist (yes, you can target and beat a CAPTCHA but by having humans tune heuristics or feeding millions of example images into a simple algorithm and so it becomes non-reliable again, though it may be reliable "enough" to get you into a website, you don't want to be using it in anything important whatsoever).

And translation is still just as laughable as ever. Ask any foreigner to run something through Google Translate, you still end up with completely obvious transcription and understanding errors and get only literal translations or nonsense.

We're nowhere near a point that AI is a risk to humans unless - and this is important - we start thinking that the AI we have now is anything more than it is and start relying on it. Self-driving cars are a prime example.

We do NOT have AI. We have heuristics (human-created and tweaked rules) plugged into statistical systems, trained on a set of data that they will never encounter in real life. Something that's OBVIOUS to a human how it should be categorised is in no way guaranteed to be categorised in the same way by even the best-trained AI on the planet. It's literally never seen it before and it's answer is no better than a guess. And at any point, while it's acting on unseen-before data (which is all the time in such systems) it's actions are unpredictable and - worse - undiagnosable and unfixable. When it makes a mistake, you can't correct it, or even necessarily work out WHY it made that mistake, even with the complete source code and training data. And you can "request" but not instruct that it might want to categorise such things differently next time. And it might still just not understand no matter how many times you do that.

Think of it this way. Are you training the AI on the SHAPE of, say, a cat and an understanding of 3D space and how it transforms with movement and different viewing angles? No. You're training it on a bunch of pictures of a cat (or translated texts, or game positions or whatever) and hoping that it finds some correlation.

But you have ZERO idea what correlation it's finding. It's basically totally unanalysable in that respect. For all you know, it's adding up the number of blue-ish pixels and saying it's a cat if there aren't many. And though you might realise that and then train that trait out, it will then move on to ANY OTHER correlation it can find. The point at which it "understands" what a cat is, in terms of a 2D image of a 3D moving animal, is THOUSANDS OF YEARS later in its training. By humans. If they can tell what it's doing.

Such systems are not AI. And certainly not maintainable, predictable or reliable.

But we can win and Poker and Go because we can brute-force the game tree through some clever pruning of it. It's an entirely different kind of system.

Comment Re:Accounting (Score 1) 92

Gigabit to entire towns is a loss-maker not just in terms of decades.

In the UK, the only non-former-government-monopoly provider was NTL. Who, after 20 years of putting in cable, went bust. Literally, they were bought up after being near bankruptcy (by Virgin Media), including all their assets for a cut-down price, and since then any new VM rollouts have had to be built-in to the cost of building a housing estate. The number of places served by VM is pretty pathetic, it's FTTC only, and they've had to re-sell DSL services provided by British Telecom like everyone else to get anywhere near full-reach in the rest of the country.

The only other near-competitor was a project run in the town of Hull that pretty much flopped and never left the town.

Bear in mind that the UK is about HALF the size of California, and has TWICE as many people.

Any infrastructure like that is basically loss-making for DECADES, if it ever recoups its investment. FTTP is even more expensive.

There's a reason that sewage, electricity, gas, water, etc. supplies are utilities often run by government or obliged to provide services to all and paid for at least partly from your taxes.

That kind of infrastructure is a dead investment and we've known about that for centuries.

Comment Re:Obviously (Score 0) 171

Cannibalism is quite literally survival of the fittest.

And, not to pour water, but has anyone considered that a cannibalism response is actually sensible and protective? With a nutrient deficiency, the animals change their behaviour to find another source of said nutrient.

How does this differ from pregnancy cravings? Some animals eat their OWN young. Cannibalism may well be what's keeping the few that are left alive.

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