Yes, actually. At least here in Sweden. At the end of the year your employer, your bank etc report your total income for the year, and some other things that affect tax (like loan interest expenses, savings interest income. Also if you have used some tax deductible services (i.e. home renovation) those companies have to report that as well. Then sometime during spring the tax department sends out a preprinted form to you. If everything is correct you can just sign it and send it back. Otherwise you fill in the changes, sign it and send it back. Or, if you don't feel like beeing a luddite you can use the online service to see and sign the form even before it arrives in the mail.
Then you have until august (I think) to pay your taxes. Except your employer already deducted a standard amount of taxes on your salary and payed it for you, so most likely you will get a tax return instead. Which is payed to you in august as well, except if you used the online service. In that case you receive it in june.
So to sum the process up:
1) Log in to online service during spring.
2) Sign prefilled online form.
3) (No step three)
4) PROFIT (aka tax return around midsummer)