Also, don't lawmakers ever consult a real technical person when it comes to stuff like this?
What? No. You're getting this backwards. Lawmakers don't seek out people informed with opinions. People with opinions (and agendas) lobby lawmakers to get their views legislated.
This is the result of profit-driven enterprise gaining access to political power, and nothing else.
Consultants are mystical people who ask a company for a number and then give it back to them.