Chess can be played in 500 years same as we play it today. So can football, baseball, any sport you can think of.
Except car racing, which is constantly evolving, just like computer games (and has a lot more common with e-sports than chess or football). It, however, isn't an olympic sport, and I think it shouldn't be (even though I'm a big fan of it) since that would force the car racing to submit into certain cliches, removing the charm that comes from every track and car being different.
Racing cars get replaced my more modern version and so do competitive video games, but the main premise won't change much for as long as it has clear and attractive goals. Even CS:GO has the same basic rules as the original CounterStrike that got released 20 years ago.