Yep, that's the problem, Windows 7 on a machine designed for Windows 10. Microsoft require basic stuff like USB to work for the computer to carry the "designed for Windows" sticker, but of course only the version that it ships with.
You say that as though it makes sense. I installed a several-year-old copy of Debian Linux on the same machine without trouble. The USB controller chipset is newer than that old kernel, for example, but the generic controller drivers in the kernel work fine.