While some good things might coming of this in the long run it's not really helping in the short term for a lot of people.
One of the most basic rules of people running businesses is that they do not like adding new expenses unless they absolutely have to. The fees for not providing affordable insurance seem designed to force businesses into actually providing but there are too many companies who are taking a look at it and opting instead to do the opposite.
The rules say that a business only has to provide "affordable" insurance to people who are full time, which is shown in the bill as 30 hours or more on average over a six month consecutive stretch during the previous year. So with the fines starting next year companies are choosing to remove their full time workers and instead refuse to give them any hours over the 29 that keeps them in the zone of part time workers.
This means that the people who already were having the toughest time surviving without insurance now not only have to find another job to be able to bring their income back up, possibly at another company that will refuse to give them full time work. Let this run out one year from now and you've got people working two jobs, neither which provide this affordable insurance so they are forced to buy it on their own or pay their own version of the fine.
So long as the subsidies that are supposed to be in place work the fines might not be a major issue but people having to remove two jobs from the marketplace instead of just one in order to survive will not suddenly become fixed simply with an insurance subsidy.
One of the biggest problems I have with the act is that "Affordable" insurance is considered 9% or less of the employees gross Income. For jobs that pay the bare minimum this 9% value is going to be very small which means that it will be extra hard for an employer to find something that will fit the bill without them putting in a hefty amount of the premiums. This makes the idea of going to part time work only for their workers sound far better than actually incurring the extra expenses. A company that already pays a fair wage might not find this as difficult and may not choose to make the choice of doing only part time workers.
I'm really not looking forward to the next year of watching insurance companies complain about the new law while reporting record profits as the people who couldn't afford insurance before have their lives made even harder.