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Comment Re:In a perfect world (Score 1) 553

I have seen zero evidence to your statement "Ask the institution if they specifically wanted to exclude some people", from what I've seen these are videos that their students use, no better, no worse. If someone disabled were to enroll in one of these courses they would most likely caption (for deaf) / have someone describe what is being shown (for blind) at that point (catering to the specific disability the student has). Its an omission, sure but I think you will have a hard time with the argument that Berkeley said "Screw the deaf / blind people!!! Muhahaha" (Dr Evil style).

By your definition Google, Facebook or any university releasing open source software like TensorFlow (used for 'understanding' what is in an image) not being accessible to blind people is a violation (if you want to be able to do any testing / work on TensorFlow itself you need to be able to see to confirm what the software is telling you is correct).

Comment Re:In a perfect world (Score 1) 553

It is more fiscally responsible, Berkeley's copies are behind a paywall (the YouTube copies are being taken down), they have lost nothing. It will be captioned as and when their students need it using the tuition money paid to Berkeley. Sanity is not what I call using free course materials to teach a class and rather than add the missing captions instead sue the university providing the original material, I'd call that laziness (you didn't have to come up with the actual course material, at least you can caption it or pay to have it captioned, crowdfunding would be a wonderful model for this as everyone benefits).

From the actual DoJ filing "Stacy Nowak, a member of NAD, is a professor and PhD student at Gallaudet University and she is deaf. Ms. Nowak would like to avail herself of what she believes is the increasingly frequent use of video and audio-based scholarship. Ms. Nowak teaches communication courses at Galludet, including Introduction to Communication and Nonverbal Communication. She would like to use numerous online resources related to communication in her classes, including the UC BerkeleyX course, “Journalism for Social Change,” but cannot because they are inaccessible. If UC Berkeley’s online content were accessible, she would take courses and utilize the online content in her lectures. "

Should California students / tax payers pay the cost of captioning for a university in DC? If it costs little to nothing to put on youtube in its original form and lots of people can benefit that seems like a pretty moral / easy decision to make which Berkeley did by putting the videos on YouTube. Who is going to pay not only to get the missing captions added but the lawyer fees to have it checked against whatever other crazy law that exists? Leaving it up risks another lawsuit, hence taking down the videos from youtube is their best move here.

Sanity would be either a Judge or legislative branch recognizing this is a misapplication of this law and pushing to get it updated (as far as I can tell this did not reach a court house). Take this not even to its logical conclusion but the literal next step, the DoJ filing lists edX and iTunes U. If those organizations are even remotely fiscally responsible (Apple has allot of money which will attract frivolous lawsuits), the appropriate response is to immediately disable public access to any courses that are missing captioning until captions can be added (whenever that happens). Leaving the content online is begging for a lawsuit with some pretty strong precedent in place.

Comment Re:In a perfect world (Score 1) 553

So instead of bringing a lawsuit why didn't Gallaudet University (or the employees in question) put some people on the task of adding the missing subtitles / captions? It would probably been cheaper. Heck try to crowd fund it if you deem it worthy.

I unfortunately have to agree with Berkeley's statement "Finally, moving our content behind authentication allows us to better protect instructor intellectual property from 'pirates' who have reused content for personal profit without consent.". Berkeley is giving away their course videos, the claimants were most likely were using it to teach their own students with nothing going back to Berkeley (no issues up to this point), and then they probably had a disabled student who needed the captions and decided to sue Berkeley to get the captions added rather than add the captions themselves (the videos were on YouTube, its extremely easy to add subtitles / translations once the original poster has allowed it).

Now that the videos are behind a paywall Berkeley has lost nothing (the university and their students still have access to the videos and any updates from the professors that produced the original videos) with any captioning happening if / when a student needs it with the tuition Berkeley receives paying for the captioning. An example of this is coursera's policy which does have much better captions (most of their courses are paid though) but even they have a reasonable clause at the end to catch any cases that they missed "To request additional accommodations, please contact Coursera support. When you contact us to request accommodations, please include: A specific request for a modification that would help you, Links to up to two active courses for which you'd like accommodations"

Comment Re: Define "We", please (Score 1) 553

So what happens if we place any of the systems holding data outside of said courts jurisdiction?

Also to your "You knowingly and pre-meditatedly designed a system to frustrate the most common copyright enforcement mechanism" attack, encryption pretty much does the same thing (can't enforce copyright if you don't know what's in the data stream).

Comment Re:Berkley didn't do this to be jerks (Score 1) 553

Maybe not, the original videos can be created by putting up a camera in a class and if required getting permission from the students that they will show up in an online video. Transcription may involve having to go to the professor to identify muffled words or at least someone "in the know" to understand what is meant from context (the transcript needs to be at least double checked).

What I think you have missed is what incentive does a university like Berkeley have to publish these lectures? They potentially make less money now, as anyone can now access the course for free (if these were required for an online course then the tuition could easily cover the cost of transcription). So if any department of Berkeley wants to try to release class materials online for free, this lawsuit just armed the Dean / Principal with a very appropriate response of "How do you plan to cover the cost of transcription?" obviously such a program will not have any funding approved as yet so will almost immediately get shut down (do universities have staff to deal with transcribing?). So rather than giving away the course for free and having to cover the cost of transcription the university can just say "fuck it" to the whole concept.

Comment Re:Berkley didn't do this to be jerks (Score 1) 553

When I did the Intro to AI course on the predecessor to Udacity the students did the captioning / translation as a sort of community project (not sure if they got anything like extra credit in return).

Even Youtube allows you to submit a translation / caption for a video (assuming the creator allows it), I would be interested in how this lawsuit went down as I would expect that some sort of negligence would need to be proved to win this case? Even then if the university said they would start a program to let students caption it as a on-campus job or something should get them off the hook.

Comment Re: Stop instant messaging (Score 1) 456

A good chunk of the Caribbean still charges for SMS by usage, heard similarly for a good chunk of South America.

SMS is also quite unreliable here, we used it for provisioning of STB (send one message with the box details and we reply with success once it goes through), ended up with a failure to deliver within 10 minutes of about 5-10% (had a SMS come in 10 hours after it was sent once, luckily our provider timestamped when the message was sent so we just ignored messages that were deemed too old).

Comment Re:Expensive (Score 1) 108

What version of DOCSIS are you dealing with? Any what number of customers on a CMTS port? Coax might last longer (citation needed, I don't see coax undersea), but how long to the nodes that are needed every couple hundred feet? The only parts that need electrical power in a PON are the ends.

10GPON easily beats the highest tiers of DOCSIS specs (giving the benefit of the doubt by using the theoretical numbers) and even that can't provide a gig per customer once it gets reasonably provisioned with customers.

The biggest problem with fiber's scalability is that the light can only be split so many times before it can't be accurately decoded on the downstream (upstream isn't as big of an issue as it isn't being split). On a cable network you just keep adding nodes to boost the signal and a single CMTS port can now serve more customers (but splitting the bandwidth available even more).

From a customer perspective that difference means that fiber will always outperform coax as network load increases as it can't be overprovisioned to such an extent, the highest split ratio I've seen is 1:128 which means split evenly everyone gets just under 20Mbit for normal GPON assuming you can get everyone proper signal at such an extreme split ratio.

Comment Re:Mostly thanks to H1Bs (Score 1) 119

What does this have to do with H1B1s? If they get laid off they go back home and get hired there, the people this hurts are US workers.

Even if you kick out every H1B1 do you really believe these companies will hire in the US or will they outsource to another country? You can only raise tariffs so far before they hurt the US more than the intended recipient.

Comment Re: So basically ... the attack wins? (Score 1) 212

Uh, no.

Spoofing filters are best setup at the last mile to customers. It can possibly be setup on the interconnections between / to small ISPs where there is no BGP transit going on (hence your BGP filters say what networks are expected, screw anything else).

For the last mile there are the smallest number of variations at that point and limited number of variations for routes. By the time you hit the tier 1/2s who are backhauling hundreds of teras / petas of traffic you will hit not only the limitations of attempting to firewall that much traffic but lots of legitimate reasons for asynchronous traffic flows (most commonly traffic management).

Comment Re:Moral of the story (Score 1) 172

One problem with that theory, they know who he is now anyway.

In this scenario said syndicate might actually be pissed that the flaw is now fixed. He isn't in the police's good books so what do you expect will be the police reaction if he gets approached from such a syndicate now and tries to report it. Sadly my money is on "Oh he was in with the criminals all along".

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