But I don't speak about Benedict XVI, because he is not the target here per se. It's the Throne of St. Peter and the Church. Nobody would blame him for (mandatory) membership in Hitlerjugend if he wasn't the Pope. It's his position that is being attacked, not himself. Who does really know anything more than a few phrases anyway? You criticize the Church and (yes] Inquisition from the today's perspective, but it is too easy. The Church has done many good things (faith aside), but it is not so cool to mention them. Let me ask you a question: are you or are you not catholic, that you are so interested in the Congregation? Because if not, I see no reason for you (other than your immortal soul if you believe in it) to bother. Galileo's case is too stereotypical. Yes he has been restricted a little bit, but it was Christian Europe where he studied and worked. Give the Church some credit for keeping the civilisation together for all those centuries, especially after the fall of Rome.