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Comment Use the water to move the asteroid (Score 1) 37

So, once they bag and bake the asteroid to get the water out of it, why don't they use the solar collector to heat the water to make super (super!) heated steam. This can then be directed to propel the asteroid in the opposite direction. I believe a similar scheme has been proposed on earth to make laser (which are based on the ground) launched rockets using water as the working medium. If the water can't be heated enough to get a fast jet, you could always electrolyze it and just combust the oxygen and hydrogen like a normal chemical rocket.

I presume this scheme only is practical for small asteroids ( 100m?) because the "bag" must be big enough to fully enclose it. Otherwise it might be practical to use it for asteroid (self) deflection. Still, if there are a lot of these smaller asteroids available and if they are pretty "waterlogged" maybe this technique could be compared to almost having fuel tanks scattered around the outer solar system. A small spacecraft could approach one, wrap it, and then use the asteroid "jet" to scoot around the solar system. (As I mentioned by using the term "waterlogged" hopefully most of the asteroid is actually water, this would mean it wouldn't have to move around so much dead weight).

Comment Think he deserves an apology? Make it so! (Score 2) 113

After reading the article on the NYTimes, I went to and made a petition to:

"Apologize to Dr. Xi of Temple Univ. for the FBI's wrongful accusation and prosecution of him on charges of spying."

The complete text reads:

After reading this article in the New York Times:
I was appalled and upset that another Chinese-American citizen had been wrongly accused and prosecuted for spying when even a basic check could have exonerated him. That this even got to this point not only speaks to the incompetence of the FBI but a pervasive bias and distrust of Chinese American CITIZENS.

President Obama should, at the very least, on behalf of the U.S. Govt. apologize to this distinguished professor who has seen his reputation shattered and loss of various posts and titles. This will be an important symbolic act.

If you believe that he (at least) deserves an apology, follow this link and "sign" the petition:
For those of you unfamiliar with how this works, once it reaches 150 "signatures" then it is publicly viewable. If it then reaches 150,000 within a month then the white house promises to respond.

Please note: when I mentioned "another Chinese American" I did not mean that I am a Chinese American. I am not. Rather I was talking about the other Chinese American CITIZENS (like Wen Ho Lee) who have been charged and prosecuted apparently for no other reason than they are of Chinese origin. They were found innocent.

Comment Re:Problems in Vietnam, have I been hacked? (Score 1) 66

Yeah, I got fiber from Viettel, it's supposed to be 38Mb/sec but you really only see that at night when network congestion is low. I think the bottleneck is the few (two?) international fiber links that connect Vietnam to the outside world and that have very frequently(!!!) been cut. They've been cut so often and (almost always?) in the spot that only affects Vietnam's traffic that I suspect that China has a hand in it. (I'm assuming that China might have some deep sea technology that no other nation in the South China sea has).

Comment Problems in Vietnam, have I been hacked? (Score 3, Interesting) 66

Now that might explain some recent strange network problems that I've been having here in Vietnam. About 3 weeks ago, Google started denying my searches saying that due to the large number of attacks coming from your network they would refusing traffic (or something like that). I immediately checked my home network (a fiber optic TOTOlink router) and changed the password but the messages persisted. (They're gone now.)

I thought that perhaps I had a (lot of) neighbors who had been compromised/involved in attacks and perhaps Google was casting a wide net (blocking a large subnet of the ISP or even the entire ISP) and that I was just caught up in it. That may be the case, like the summary says there are few ISPs and presumably few different routers being used so it would be easy for a hacker to exploit a vulnerability and command a botnet of thousands of routers. On the other hand, I looked up TOTOlink router vulnerabilities and it said that there is an unpatched backdoor to my model so it is vulnerable. I assume this is true even if I changed my passwords.

So (since I'm obviously not an expert) my question is: is it likely that my router has been hacked? Will it allow the hacker to use it as a "bot"? Is my (unencrypted) traffic vulnerable to interception/change/man-in-the-middle attacks? Or is it more likely that Google isn't blocking my little network (that is attached to the internet by a single dynamic IP address) specifically but is blocking a large portion or even the entire ISP (in my case Viettel?).

I hope whoever can answer my questions is rewarded Karmically! Thanks! :)

Comment unfortunately pretty unrealistic... (Score 4, Informative) 99

"carbon nanotube tether anywhere between 62 and 620 miles long attached to a diamond-tipped harpoon"

Considering that the few attempts at space "tethers" have (I think) ended in failure and their cable lengths were much shorter, I think it is highly unlikely that they'll be able to make this work. They've also got to be able to "shoot" the harpoon at at spot on an asteroid that is neither too hard so that it'll bounce off of shatter the harpoon or so soft that the harpoon cannot have purchase. Of course, this is only worthwhile if the spacecraft and asteroid are traveling at a high velocity relative to each other. That way the spacecraft will either get a big savings in energy because it can use the tether to slow it down relative to the asteroid (and potentially generate a ton of energy through resistive braking!) or it could use it to "swing" around and dramatically change its direction of travel (like a gravity assist but with much more latitude). So the harpoon would be hitting the asteroid at kilometers per second and would need to "stick". (A mechanism to cut the cable or release the harpoon might be necessary if this system is to be used more than once).

As long as we are using carbon nanotubes and diamonds perhaps we should use a large lasso instead with micro thrusters positioning it for optimal placement. In any case IF this system could work then, yes, the spacecraft could go swinging through the solar systems using asteroids (small bodies with no atmosphere and little gravity) like Tarzan uses vines hanging from trees. I fear that the engineering difficulties are so great and the risk (you probably only get one "shot" during a flyby) will make this impractical.

Side note: - This idea is related to my, ahem, own idea of using a spacecraft that lands on an rotating asteroid, and then, using a tether, slinging off pieces of the asteroid into space. This could allow a very modestly sized spacecraft to divert the trajectory of an asteroid because it would be harnessing the energy of the asteroids rotation and converting it into kinetic energy. By landing (gently, no harpoon necessary) onto the asteroid's equator and extending a tether beyond the asteroids "geosync" orbit it could keep it permanently taut using a counterweight. Then, just like a space elevator, it would ferry material up to and beyond the geosync point, generating energy (to power the elevator) beyond that point using resistive braking before it flings the material into deep space. Properly timed releases could impart a directional thrust to the entire system. (If the asteroid is rotating fast enough the system is small enough that carbon nanotubes wouldn't be needed.)

Comment Use RTGs for ion propulsion then comm. (Score 3, Interesting) 77

NASA's needs Pu to get to Uranus (puns intended). If they can manage to get the correct isotope of Plutonium then a space probe that uses ion propulsion would have the necessary electrical power to drive the extremely efficient drive even when, as in this case, it is very far from the sun. Since the space probe DAWN has proven that multi-year thrusting of ion engines does work quite well, this would enable a "flagship" (read "big") mission to get to the very outer planets in less than a decade. It could spend roughly half its time accelerating to a high cruising speed then almost as long decelerating to be captured into orbit.

Then, once the mothership has arrived in orbit then, like Cassini, smaller spacecraft could be employed to explore the various moons and atmosphere of these gas giants. (Unfortunately since the moons of Uranus and Neptune may not be large enough to effectively permit gravity assists like Cassini uses with Titan or Galileo used with the four large Galilean moons, you might need smaller probes because the ion drive may have too low a thrust for dynamic orbital changes). Now the RTGs, having powered the spacecraft to the far reaches of the solar system, could be "gainfully" (ha ha) employed to power a high bandwidth radio transmitter/laser communicator. This would enable the small probes exploring the system to send lots of data back to earth without each carrying a huge antenna, only the mothership.

Why all spacecraft don't utilize the extremely high energy/weight RTGs for deep space PROPULSION is beyond me. I (maybe mistakenly?) think that the RTGs, since it generates its power from the natural decay of a radioactive element, is constantly "on" and if you don't use the power being generated YOU LOSE IT (anyone please correct me if I'm wrong!). So it would seem to be ideal for a space probe that needs to go somewhere far far away from the sun and for which a low thrust high impulse drive (like ion propulsion) that requires large amounts of electric power is ideal. Maybe it's because the DAWN probe needed to prove the ion technology before NASA could commit a flagship mission to it.

Too bad that the isotope of Pu that they need for the probe isn't the same that is used in nuclear bombs, that would be the most apt fulfillment of the biblical(?) phrase "beating swords into plowshares". Oh well, Congress needs to fund the reactor that is used in the nuclear fuel cycle that manufactures this critical resource for space travel.

Of course this is only a stopgap until we get either the Lockheed Martin or MIT (mini) fusion reactors working!

Comment Please explain, how is court ignored? (Score 2, Interesting) 205

This is an honest question (I'm not Indian). How does the government get to override the recently passed decision by the Indian Supreme Court NOT to ban these very same sites? Is there some sort of executive order that allows the government to do so? Or is the government doing something "illegal" (I think the decisions by the Supreme Court must be the very definition of legality right?).

Comment End of Mankind? (Score 2) 312

I didn't realize that "race" could now be determined by a genetic sequence (or two). If true this may lead to some very troubling possibilities.

It would be possible using CRISPR (a recently developed means of precisely targeting an exact genetic sequence) to have a virus that could infect just one particular population. Smallpox comes to mind because 1) very few people in the world are currently vaccinated against it (it was made extinct a while ago) and 2) its DNA has been sequenced and published online. So, using a DNA synthesis machine you could make a version of this virus that would target a particular population.

I believe such machines can now make DNA sequences long enough to create viruses. I also remember someone creating a much more lethal version of smallpox that could kill all of the laboratory animals it infected, including ones vaccinated against "normal" smallpox (I think it was 100% lethal).

Of course, making a virus that would go after a particular Sex as opposed to a racial characteristic should be much easier (just target any gene found on one of the sex chromosomes and not the other.) This particular scenario was explored in Frank Herbert's book "The White Plague". A related scenario might be the film "Children of Men" where all the women(?) are made sterile.

Comment The Real Question Is... (Score 3, Insightful) 160

Will they find extra-terrestrial life IN the solar system or Outside it?

Frankly if they find it within the solar system then it would be a more significant find unless, of course, they found evidence of advanced (intelligent) life outside the solar system. It would mean that the universe is absolutely crawling with life; even if the life was somehow related to that on earth (distributed by asteroid impacts?) that would mean that panspermia is a viable method of distributing life over (at least) interplanetary distances.

In addition, it would mean that there would be a chance of someone going and really examining it within what's left of my lifetime!

So let's hope that it's on Mars (doubtful), Europa/Enceladus (possibly) or Titan. Of course if they find life on Titan, it'll have to be so radically different that our own that it'll blow the minds of just about every biologist in the world! Of course they'd be very very happy to find just fossils.

Comment Politicians will be stupid but scientists/technolo (Score 5, Insightful) 356

Whenever I hear about all the stupid comments and grandstanding from politicians trying to pander to a scientifically illiterate (American) public I despair. However when I look at the (long predicted and now achieved) strides in solar power, a see a "ray" of hope.

Finally solar power is becoming cost competitive even with coal. Hopefully in a few more years and certainly less than a decade it will be decisively so. At that point, one hopes, renewable power will no longer be a political decision but a purely economic one.

This, of course, won't solve global warming, certainly not "over night" (ha ha). The vast build up of CO2, thermal lag and feedback loops (permafrost melting) means we will be dealing with this for generations to come. But it might slow down the buildup enough so that new carbon sequestration technologies created (again by scientists and technologists) can fix the problem for good.

Comment Are people being killed because of Snowden? (Score 0, Troll) 228

When Snowden released documents that indicated that (amongst other things) Huawei had been compromised, I wondered if human intelligence or "social engineering" may have been used to obtain some passwords. If so, and if the Chinese govt. found out who (perhaps inadvertently) gave them away, that person would at the very least seen their employment terminated and perhaps even been terminated themselves!

Now with the frank admission that there are human spies at work in China for the NSA, I'm sure the Chinese govt. has redoubled their efforts to find (and kill) them. If so, then these leaks may be directly responsible for the deaths (probably after considerable torture) of individuals who, for whatever reason, were helping the U.S.

So, this is a very serious consequence of the leaks. Do you still agree that Snowden was justified in leaking all of this presumably without giving the U.S. advance warning of what he was going to release (so that they could get vulnerable individuals to safety?).

Comment Partial answer to Fermi's paradox? (Score 1) 80

From the abstract: "life as it exists on Earth could not take place at z>0.5". I take this to mean (since I'm not a professional astronomer I am guessing that the variable "z" represents redshift) that life couldn't get started in the earl(ier) universe because the galaxies were closer together/with more gamma ray bursters etc.

So a partial answer to Fermi's paradox (where are they?) is that we are one of the "first" to evolve into sentient beings because for "most" of the period before life evolved on the earth the whole universe was mostly uninhabitable. Of course I put "first" and "most" in quotation marks because we're talking about billions of years here; maybe the universe became reasonably habitable "only" a billion years before life arose on planet earth; that's still a lot of time! That's why I say this might be a "Partial" answer to Fermi's paradox, there would still be time for some civilizations to arise way before us. Just not as many and perhaps no really ancient multi-billion year old civilizations.

Comment Don't buy/invest in mainland China (if you can) (Score 5, Insightful) 191

I know that this is a hard choice (especially since I heard Alibaba has soared by 38% in its first day) but please consider the following:

About 5 years ago I stopped investing in Chinese companies. Why? Because I didn't want to support even indirectly a regime that, without apology, oppressed Tibet and supported the despotic regime of North Korea. I hold them largely responsible for sacrificing millions of my long-separated brothers (yes, I'm ethnic Korean) through starvation and torture simply to keep a "buffer state" in between them and the "capitalist" (ha ha, what irony) South Korea and U.S.

My stance was only hardened by their support, for purely geopolitical/economic considerations (OIL), of Syria and Iran (and, I think Libya). They and Russia have kept those regimes propped up and have made the tragedies in the Middle East even worse (of course America started it but at least we know now that most of us were idiots to be led by one). That's not to mention the authoritarian and despotic regimes that the Chinese GOVERNMENT is supporting in Africa purely for their resources.

Look, I know the West (and especially the U.S.) have done a LOT of bad things but the Chinese government doesn't even make a pretense of things like human rights, even in their own country. As I've said, they've been willing to sacrifice millions for a modicum of security (they could've asked the U.S. and S. Korea if, in return for not letting the Kims return to North Korea from one of their trips to China, we would promise not to put American troops north of the 38th parallel. As if S. Korea would even want American troops on the peninsula once the threat was gone). Now, living in S.E. Asia, I see firsthand how the Chinese government with its growing power is throwing away treaties and agreements it has signed in order to bully the Vietnamese and Philippines with their ridiculous "cow tongue" shaped demarcation of the seas. They are returning to 19th century "gunboat" diplomacy in the 21 century world.

I fear that as China grows ever stronger, they will continue to discard previous commitments to peace and will literally force their will upon the world. Is that what you want to support? I'm a realist, and I love my gadgets and my improved standard of living brought on by the flood of low-cost Chinese products (often produced with stolen patents and technologies but that's another story) and I'm not quite ready to live without. However, when there's a choice, when you can purchase something that is identical (hopefully) in every way including price to another but one is made in China and one was made in Sweden(?), I hope you'll make the same choice I do.

If the Chinese government, not the U.S. government had the power the NSA has; would any of us have any protection at all? Think of what kind of world that would be to live in. (That's what 1.2 billion people ARE living in).

(If you're wondering why I'm advocating not buying/investing in China and hurting Chinese citizens as opposed to just their government, remember that the world boycotted South Africa during their Apartheid regime even though it undoubtedly hurt many whites and blacks who were good people. And it worked.)

Comment Do they know the gravity field vectors? (Score 2) 35

I would think that on such a wildly irregular body (the topology has been likened to a rubber duck), not only does the strength of the comet's gravity vary from place to place but the DIRECTION does as well. Something that appears to be "flat" or horizontal may, in fact, be a steeply sloping surface because the gravity vector is not perpendicular to the surface. Of course if it the surface were a liquid or very fluid particles then the surface would always be perpendicular to the local gravity vector but it appears as if it is made of a very heterogenous bunch of materials some of which are rigid (like rocks).

Then again, the surface gravity is likely to be so small (1/100th of a gee? 1/1000th of a gee?) that maybe it doesn't matter. From what I understand the probe has to harpoon itself to the surface; though I don't know whether that is because the gravity is so low that it might just bounce back off into space or because of the outgassing from the comet as it approaches the sun will threaten to "blow it away".

Too bad the comet's orbit doesn't have its closest point closer to the sun, I'd expect some real "fireworks". As it is, I'm not sure how much outgassing they expect.

Be careful when a loop exits to the same place from side and bottom.