At least in grade and high schools they don't teach in auditoriums. AFAIK. As a GA at the university, I taught 5 classes of 40 students each.
A large amount of classroom work, (in some schools) is done on laptops. Even their books in junior high and some grade schools.are on computers They need them for the classes. When I went to college, they banned recorders in the class room. I stuck a Pearl corder in my shirt pocket and an ear bud in my ear. If questioned, I just handed them the ear bud. they heard the noise around us, amplified. They thought it was a hearing aid...which it was...sorta. The only short coming was every time the chalk (before white boards, but after slide rules) hit the blackboard, it was like a gunshot. We couldn't use calculators with memories, now they are required. Never could figure out why CS students were not allowed to work in study groups. Technology changes and the rules change. What was banned, is now required. In some cases the members of the school IT departments are just teachers that know something about computers. (many IT members in these schools do not have degrees in CS)
Sharing usually results in a rapid closing of the hole.
Only if the IT team is competent! You don't need to install anything on the students machines to filter all traffic on the network, or block IPs, or blocks of IPs. Trying to keep teens and porn apart is "almost" a lost cause. They will find a way. Unless you make defeating your filters an offense leading to expulsion (not many are willing to take it that far), they will find a way and not all intermediate and high schools have the sharpest IT departments. Like another topic (some do and some don't)
I find XP to be one of the most user friendly OSs out there for non computer people and that's far more than the rest of us. There are physicians, clinics, hospitals, physical rehab centers, emergency rooms, and even large corporations still on XP. The medical industry is still upgrading to computer systems in many cases. Most of this is custom software unfortunately using proprietary databases. This makes it prohibitively expensive for them to have to upgrade to a new OS AND new custom software after such a major expense. This will likely put our medical records at risk. When in the hospital, or visiting the PT centers I'm amazed at the lack of computer system knowledge and how awkward some of the software may be. Most of the time I see the XP logo screen saver drifting across the monitor. At my age, it's nice to see the family doctor who can access any specialists records that are on "the system". It speeds consultation with specialists and reduces mistakes, or conflicting medications. The news only covers the few mistakes, faulty software, and sometimes the lack of an audit trail. Most wouldn't know an audit trail if it bit them in the ass, but they still sensationalize the weak spots and ignore the good points. Staying with XP, is the logical thing to do when it does all that they want and does it well. The rest of the world looks at a computer system and asks "will it do all I want?" and if the answer is yes, they have no incentive or desire to upgrade. The real world is driven by cost and results. Nothing more. So obsoleting their main OS of choice that leaves them with a costly option of purchasing a new OS, purchasing new custom software, and retraining thousands of people that have to be shown how to turn them on and off, let alone use the new software is creating the potential for a new round of errors in the medical community. To me, this makes any problems the responsibility of MS and these can be "life and death" mistakes. People can blame poor training, but if you deal with the general public you quickly realize that you literally have to take many of these people through each step, "every time" until they learn it by rote and there are many operations. My wife made the mistake of helping some of her friends with their computers. Now, time after time, they call her for help on the same thing. As a project manager, I didn't normally work on end users work stations, but when out in a lab, I'd often be asked about some problem. Often, it'd turn out that when finished, they'd physically turn the computer off, not let it shut down. That took too long. Remember, we are dealing with an entire group of people that spans from just barely literate to PHDs that have one thing in common. They know absolutely nothing about computers. They know absolutely nothing about support, Operating systems, or vulnerabilities. It's not that they don't want to learn, but particularly in the medical industry, it's a question of available time. Sure, there is a segment that doesn't want to learn, but why should they, if what they have does what they want. There are a lot of infected computers out there with the latest Operating systems. The only thing the user knows is that "this computer sure is slow" As the government maintains you have no right to expect privacy for your data if it's not on your physical computers, under your physical control(on your property), cloud users can tout all the security they want, but the govt agencies say they can legally peruse your data all they want without a warrant . Think about all conditions a person might not want to share with the govt, because you will. I purchase Apple stock, not their hardware. It costs too much. So those who say, "go to Apple". Do so. I can use the money. Their stock hasn't been very healthy as of late and could use a boost. LINUX and Apple are no longer being ignored by hackers, either.
God, how I hate these Legit sites pushing spam. At first they just sent you their updates, then it was loaded with stuff, but you could opt our. Now the opt out is grayed out. Another trick is putting the download button in an obscure spot with the prominent download buttons for "other stuff". I've found many that send me to CNET which has most of the opt outs, grayed out. I've had to spend hours getting Yahoo and its hooks cleaned off my wife's computer. The Ask toolbar is annoying, but Yahoo takes over your browsers (every one that's installed), home page0(set the protection to prevent the change in "options"), searches and is a royal PITA to get rid of. I doubt the average computer user could do it An uninstall leaves many directories full of files behind.. In several instances I had to install a clean download of the browser after uninstalling the original(s) and cleaning the files off the computer, I mean wiping, not just deleting I told my wife "from now on, when a prompter wants to up date something, write the name down, tell it no, and have me go through the updates later." That's a lot easier than cleaning bucket loads of shit off the computer later. Yahoo should be listed as a major spammer as should these other programs that are organized to trick the user into downloading and installing useless memory hogs they didn't want. Much of this stuff is more than older computers can handle.
I worked those hours because I liked my job! My boss was well aware of the work I did. As a result I was given great flexibility and freedom as well as advancements...and pay. I worked for good people and had good people working for me. 20 years ago, I spent as much time logged in, working from home as I did at the plant, often more. OTOH I sometimes went to work at 10:00 and left early to make up for it. They knew they would get another 6 or 8 hours of productive work from me at home.
The first step would be to change the public school system and stop teaching to the lowest denominator. Avoid any history books newer than 1960. IE: Revisionist History, Put emphasis on the 3 Rs. Give the kids a challenge that will make them want to learn instead of endure until they can get out.
"Used to be", first to market could get the patent. A large chemical corporation chose to keep their product proprietary on the gamble no one would figure the process out until well after the patent would have run out. Another large and well known corporation finally figured out the process and applied for a patent. They then sued the original company who had been selling the product line for something like 50 years. It was thrown out of court. Strangely, not too long after that the law was changed from first to market to first to patent. I don' know, but it may be that way for copyright now days. They aren't "supposed" to be able to copyright common, or name that are generic.
Text based is about as simple as you can get for the programmer. Machine code is as simple as you can get for the CPU. Then we have assembly code using mnemonics, but today’s CPUs unlike the old 6502s and 8086s have a huge number of mnemonics and individual machine code instructions. We either “compile” text into machine code, or text is “translated” at run time as in BASIC. Translators are not very efficient, while a compiler can be quite complex. To write out an algorithm, convert it to a Nassi Schneidernan flow chart, and then write the source code to be compiled is complex, but it's about as simple as you ate going to get. As already mentioned, To simplify the job for the programmer gets very complex. The simpler you make the job, the more complicated the compiler becomes. Like writing a program to be user friendly gets complicated
...fast! If you have a degree in CS or CIS, try unraveling the code written by a EE or Chem-E. It's not that their code is bad (many would argue that point) but they think differently than we do and approach problems differently.
From the question, I take it, you have learned to write code, but programming, is problem solving and CS is being able to analyze code for the fastest and most efficient code to do a job. One of the first graduate courses is the design and analysis of algorithms. You start out with 5 different sorts. Using a random number generator, you generate strings of 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 in lengths. You also have the same lengths in order and reverse order.
The goal is to determine which sort is the fastest for each of the strings that are in order, reverse order and random, mathematically. Then you write and run the sorts on the strings to prove the math. You basically end up with a 5 level simultaneous equations which is relatively simple.
You quickly learn there is a lot more to programming than just being able to write code. It varies with companies, but I typically had people come in and ask for a program to do something. It was up to me to write the algorithm, have them tell me if that was truly what they wanted (it often wasn't), and work out the details. Some areas work in teams on large projects, others may have a programmer or two work on a project. I became a project manager in about 2 to 2.5 years.
Generally speaking CS is highly math oriented, where CIS is more writing programs. With CS I only had to take two more courses to earn a minor in Math.
Generally speaking you need a pretty good background to get a job as a programmer.(and good grades) The Type and size of programs as well a jobs varies significantly as do the languages used. You may take all that math and never use it once out of college, or you may spend a substantial portion of your Time analyzing programs.
Vetting, Vetting, who does the vetting? We certainly don't want the government to be the lord and master of what we can see, hear, and read. That is one of the first steps to a totalitarian state. Still, as the press has virtually stopped reporting and now make the news. Rather than talking heads doing the partisan bit, the reporting is biased to the point of absurdity. Reporters ceased being reporters some time back and now report the news to favor, or denounce candidates, the constitution, people's life style, and religion. They discredit anyone who disagrees with them, be it left or right. So the networks can not be trusted to present stories in an unbiased light either. At present many of the networks just parrot the present administration's views. As I said, that's the talking heads job, not the reporter's. It would certainly be nice to be able to find unbiased news. If the FCC stuck by its own rules, they’d revoke the licenses of most radio and TV networks. I'm old enough that I can remember when we had real reporters, not cheerleaders for one side or the other. In general they didn’t distort the facts to suit their goals. Today, it takes no more than a few sentences to know where the reporter is headed with a story. That's the job of the talking heads, not the reporter. Theirs is to write the story, not their opinion, nor to distort the facts, or make them up where none exist. Cast doubt on the opposition. Most of these so called reporters wouldn't have been able to keep a job 30 years ago. “The News” is no longer a place where a person can stay informed. It is only a presentation for the left or right. .
Almost all WD drives over the last 16 years.. With 5 computers loaded, that's a total of 28 drives in service. Even with WD they have a number of different ratings. I typically go for the ones tested for several million hours MTBF and the computers vary from 24 X 7 to about half that, but mostly 24 X 7. In all those years, I've only had 3 drive failures. HOWEVER: I have to add that as drives and CP/us have gone down in price and up in capacity, I've upgraded HDs every couple of years to keep up with the CPU capacity, AVI work, and Photography, with over 30,000 high resolution scans and high res digital images running 35 MB per photo, or more.. I think I counted 32 HDs, mixed, Parallel and SATA in the pile. A few old ones starting with an 80 GB, a 160 and about 4 200s. There's a bunch of 250s and 6 or 7 500s. Most of my drives in service are 2 TB, and there are 4 1 TB and 2 4TB. I hit the old drives with a bulk tape eraser, which has always rendered them beyond economical repair. To erase them using the suggested methods that would leave them useable, but none of the data recoverable would take a day or two per drive, so I just trash them and then use them for target practice. If you can get a new 500 Gig HD for less than 50 bucks, it's not worth spending a day or two to wipe them for what they are worth, Even at 3 years, that's 8766 hrs per year, or 26,298 hours running 24 X 7 and a long way from even getting near the MTBF ratings for the drive. I no longer purchase drives without published MTBFs and those are 2 million or more. This makes me glad that My HDs have no where near the failure rate of cell phones, or head phones. Both of those suffer a high mortality rate around here. Those and TVs I purchase only at Brick and mortar stores where I can try them and get the extended warranty. Every headphone set and cell phone has made the extra insurance worth it. I just hand them a bag of parts and they replace them. My present cell phone is less than 6 Mo old and it's getting difficult to read the display.
They certainly did not follow systematic thinking, or know what internal documentation is. Some of it appeared to not only be spaghetti code, but written to become a mobius strip. OTOH to call a computer language a foreign language is ridiculous. They may be foreign to their way of thinking, but in no way do they meet the definition of a foreign language.
As the article said, the "long term trend" is actually warming more per decade. Only when you take a shorter term, starting with an exceptionally hot year does the trend get lost in the short term noise. People dwell on the cold winter, but many parts of the world such as Australia are hotter than normal. It was 5 or maybe 10 years ago that one scientist replied in an interview that rather than just getting warmer, we'd see much more varied and extreme weather. Hotter hot, and colder cold, wet periods offset with drought in other areas, but the long term trend would be ever upwards until the cold spells would be no lower than the current average. Last winter here in MI it was 20 to 30 degrees above normal for most of the winter and we along with N. Dakota had record rainfall. Still the deniers pick the cold spells as proof and those pro warming pick the hot spells. It is the long term trend that is important, not whether we have a hot or cold year or two. The long term is figured on a running 30 year average. Shorter than that and the average can get lost in the short term noise. These cold spells were predicted, long ago in the global warming scheme. It's unfortunate that they are using global warming for more taxes. Carbon credit and carbon taxes are one of the main reasons many say it has to be a hoax.
And officers, whether active or retired are supposed to know how to de-escilate these situations. We don't know why the guy retired. It might have no been for reaching retirement age. Many times people in these high stress, high risk professions are "retired" because of "other reasons".