I know you think this is about Democrats v. Republicans but when you realized that the NDAA passed despite the efforts of 7 bi-partisan senator's attempts to stop it (3R, 3D, 1I) then you begin to realize that we need to clean house of the whole lot of them (except the 7).
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You only have to listen to Senator Levin and Barack Obama's own statements to understand that 1032 does NOT exempt US Citizens. So please do your research as I can tell that YANAL.
Read the Signing Statement. Here he affirms he has the power but promises not to use it.
Watch the movie. Again, he's talking about 1031 which is the detention subsection and NOT 1032 which is the requirement for the military custody.
It is really interesting to see them taken aback and sometimes lose their place in their script.
You are incorrect about the Student Aid and Pell Grant programs since this was specifically addressed by Paul in his proposal.
So I agree with all your sentiment about the productive and beneficial uses of education in society. What I don't agree with is the notion that somehow a federal bureaucracy infrastructure has anything to do with the education of my children other than interference.