More likely it's managements desire to see the workers, every single minute of the work day. It's a symbol of America's unwillingness to trust the workers.
I got moved to an open office last year (boss cannot see us though). There are things I like and things I dislike about it.
I like that the communication is very fluid. We embraced agile and my team is leading with it. The open office environment goes well with agile, and we are very much working together. This is not about management watching over us, but about communication.
I absolutely hate listening to people eat, chewing loudly with their mouth open or slurping their coffee. It may sound petty, especially depending on your culture, but putting up with it day after day for months really gets under my skin and it makes me hate an otherwise likable person. There is not even an easy way to tell him to stop.
I hate the constant interruption. I do software development, it takes 20-30 minutes to get into flow and really be at the top of my game. If I know I will be interrupted in 30 mins, I tend to avoid complex tasks, because by the time I got it going, I will have to stop.
I don't have enough space for my stuff.
For these reasons, I have requested to be put back in a cube.