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Comment: Lenovo S10 (1st edition) FTW! (Score 2) 279

by kosmosik (#48926021) Attached to: The iPad Is 5 Years Old This Week, But You Still Don't Need One

Around 2008 when there was this all netbook craze I've owned E90x (the early one with 4GB+16GB flash storage). For the price and form factor it was OK but it had lots of flaws for me - slow processor (Atom @900MHz as I recall), small and slow storage (onboard 4GB was ok but the additional 16GB sucked) also I needed to plug wacky USB dongle to get 3G Internet acces which was inconviniently sticking out on the side. After few months I've given it to my mother so she could play Mahjong and got Lenovo S10...

Lenovo S10 - best netbook I owned EVER. I've modified it a little - swaped hard drive for slightly faster that I've got laying around, maxed out RAM, bought big-ass china made battery (biggest possible) and expresscard 3G modem that was sticking out just about 1cm on the side. I recall this was the best portable laptop I ever owned (this was pre tablet and pre ultrabook era) - enough power to run Linux decently (Atom @1600MHz, 2GB RAM), plenty of storage (fast 320GB HDD), great connectivity with 3G Internet, 9hr battery life (YES! 9 HOURS!), most of software I use ran localy and for work I was RDPing to my workstation anyway. And it also looked and feeled great reminiscent of ThinkPad industrial design (the later S10 editions were awful).

That was great laptop for that era (early 3G internet, pre-tablet, pre-ultrabook).

A friend of mine still uses it.

Comment: Re:About D%^& time. (Score 5, Informative) 224

by kosmosik (#48919057) Attached to: YouTube Ditches Flash For HTML5 Video By Default

> Now if google would just announce no more flash allowed in ads, we'd be set.

If you are using Chrome you can set "Click to play" policy for all plugins in chrome://settings/content - as result you won't see any Flash ads (or any other plugins) without clicking on the placeholder. This way you get rid of Flash ads and it is also way more secure to just do not run plugins if you don't explicitly want to. You can also turn on plugins on a white list per site basis.

Comment: Re:Ads (Score 2) 224

by kosmosik (#48919031) Attached to: YouTube Ditches Flash For HTML5 Video By Default

Ads are actually coming from Google's ContentID. ContentID scans uploaded media against signatures. The signatures are of licensed artwork like f.e. "Rick Astley - Never Gonna Give You Up" - so if you are Rick Astley and upload your signature video to Google then you can set policy if somebody f.e. posts video in which the licensed artwork is used and ContentID matches it. The policy can be AFAIK to: just inform you about match but do nothing; block the content entirely or display an ad before the content - the revenue from ads goes partialy to Google and to Rick Astley. So here is why sometimes you have ads on YouTube and sometimes not. IMO it is a fair system.

Comment: NAS box +cloud sync (Score 2) 247

by kosmosik (#48917001) Attached to: Ask Slashdot: Best Medium For Personal Archive?

IMO the best (but not the cheapest) option would be to use personal NAS server with some level of mirrored RAID. Configure backup from all machines/data you wish to backup to the NAS server. Then sync it with cloud provider. Of course when picking cloud provider do check to have strong data encryption, 2F authentication, account/data access audit and DO backup your encryption case (in case you loose it there would be no way to acces your data) - just print it in plain text form and store somewhere safe.

If you do it right everything would be automated and you won't need to do any manual actions with it. Just monitor its status. And do test recoveries from time to time.

And YES - I've noticed you are against the cloud which is in my opinion silly. Decent cloud provider's DC will by much more secure (as in physical security, data mirroring) than any homegrown solution. What you are afraid of? If you are afraid of automated attacks like malware they will target your personal machine anyway, not your backup, backup is not the weakest link here. Also any profiled attacks on your person will target your client machine. So what is your practical point against using cloud storage?

Also worth mentioning that NAS server is not mandatory in such setups. Just it speeds up things a little and gives more control. Also it provides the "oops" factor protection (like incidentaly deleting something - which is satistically the most often case to need backup recovery anyway).

Still if you oppose to use cloud just exchange cloud option for offline media stored offsite (like safe at your friends house or bank). Which media to use is entirely up to you. As you haven't stated what your need are (like how much data, how often it changes, what would be your preffered policy as weekly, monthly etc.) I can't recommend anything. An uneducated guess would be to use external HDD drives in enclosures and rotate them. Or for the cheapest option BlueRay discs.

Comment: Re:512-bit self-signed certs (e.g. DD-WRT) (Score 1) 237

by kosmosik (#48505615) Attached to: Firefox 34 Arrives With Video Chat, Yahoo Search As Default

> IMO Firefox are doing this right. [...] I've worked in more than one organisation
> that was doing MITM on their staff's SSL sessions (unknown to the staff) by silently
> pushing "trusted" DIY certs to the workstations by policy.

1) I don't belive that the organisation was doing it secretly or they were complete legal morons. Almost any larger organization has policies which you as employee/user accept. These policies are in place to inform you of such practices so you cannot sue them back for privacy breaches.
2) If organisation has the power to install certificates on client machines it basically administeres these machines. As an administrator it is safe to assume that they also got the means to block Fx or whatever unsupported software. Also usually serious organizations maintain a policy list of allowed software.

So in fact there is nothing that Fx did right in this scenatrio.

I am personally a Chromium user and as an administrator Fx states to piss me off. We support Fx on workstations, we push new releases form ERS channel via GPO and MSI installs. This usually works but once in a while it stops working and requires manual tweaking - and it is not our fault but Mozillas pushing undocumented new options or different defaults. We do test so it is not a major problem but it is more work that it should be.

Comment: Re:Forking is good, whiny bitches (Score 1) 647

by kosmosik (#48482347) Attached to: Debian Forked Over Systemd

> On the one hand, forking is what drives Free Software. It allows us to innovate,
> adapt software to new needs, etc. Without it, the FOSS community would not be
> as strong as it is.

Of course the ability of forking is great. I would compare it to a relationship - if at some point you realize that your goals or whatever are not in sync then you fork it is not easy comes with attached looses to both sides but it is but doable. And an obvious way to go if you can't go together.

BUT this is not a fork in my opinion. A fork it will be if we can get anything usable from it like a working distro in this case. But now it is just an other act of DRAMA. Like in relationship - you know I am forking right now! look this is my fork website! look i WILL fork. Geeesh than do fork and get over it.

These guys are behaving like overly attached boy/girl friend who in fact DOES NOT want to fork but uses threats that she/he will fork to force something on the other side.

I know it is simplification but really right now from my point of view it just looks like emotional drama.

As for techical merits in my own opinion. I dont care. I am not by any means a white bearded system admin. I use Linux profesionally and I like it. I really haven't noticed the whole systemd drama until it popped out in media. Professinaly I use RHEL and CentOS because I can run software on it for my employer and it is OK. We use Oracle, SAP, Zimbra and other products so for me it makes no real difference as what init system is used as far as it works.

In my personal systems I've used RH from like 5.0 release and I liked it. I used it till it separated into RHEL and Fedora - then I've used Fedora but around release 14 or some it becamed very annoying (lots of problems with distro upgrade, hardware etc.). Then I've started to evaluate other distros. Also got a RaspberryPi and tried Pidora on that. More annoyng than ever. Then I've tried Arch Linux and I got hooked imediately - works well on my home systems (server, workstation, laptop) and also on RaspberryPi. And it uses systemd in more fashinable way than Fedora (but things may have gone better - I've not touched it since 14). So I don't really get this systemd "controversy".

Comment: Re:hum (Score 1) 647

by kosmosik (#48482279) Attached to: Debian Forked Over Systemd

First of all - thanks for an interesting comment. Your insight on licensing issues regarding use of systemd never occured to me.

Regarding your comment - I cant validate all your claims right now but I trust they are valid - in Your opinion why there is NO mention about licensing on the new fork site? The site is TL;DR to me as it is in my opinion yet another meaningless fork of Debian but I tried to search the site for terms like "license", "gpl" and there are exactly zero occurances of such terms. It seems to me as the authors of the fork didn't find your arguments about licensing as interesting to mention it.

So how exactly this fork is better for your goals?

If I was in situation in which licensing was critical to me I would use Gentoo since as far as I know it is only decent and recent distro that actually lets you choose init system to your liking.

Comment: Mozilla is loosing it (Score 1) 132

by kosmosik (#48308241) Attached to: Mozilla Teases First Browser Dedicated To Devs

Mozilla is loosing it. Fx gets more and more irrelevant between various UI changes and more bloat added. Usage is declining. And yet they try to reinvent themselves with such ideas. What for? Just make a decent browser and build developer tools into it like everybody else does. What is the point of such product? To have yet another browser/platform to build and test for?

Comment: Re:An opportunity for Debian? (Score 1) 555

by kosmosik (#48201847) Attached to: Debian's Systemd Adoption Inspires Threat of Fork

> For me, Linux is about control.

And exactly what aspect of control is taken from you by systemd?

> Apparently, systemd replaces all that and more with a single monolithic
> structure, which seems more akin to the Windows way of doing things.

No it isn't. Lots of commercial unix like operating systems had moved on to some form of init system not based on shell scripts f.e. Solaris, Mac OS X etc.

> It's main selling point appears to be boot-up speed

No it isn't.

> IMO the cost that we must all pay for that extra speed is just too high

And what is the cost exactly? What exactly do you have against systemd? Only thing you stated is that it is monolithic and non unix way. I don't rally care about it. What practical limitation does it cause? Only valid complains about systemd I've read so far is that is not standard as it is an implementation and in theory this shouldn't be done like that. And I agree but still it exist, it works and it is not going anywhere. The second complaint is that it uses binary log file. It does in fact but I also don't care about that. I can config it to forward to syslog so it is no problem. Actually by using such architecture it can start logging earlier than sysvinit system which is better. These two flaws do exist but they do not rule against systemd in general. It is still a step forward in right dimension.

Look at CoreOS and its components like fleet - this is what systemd was designed for and it is strictly server operating system.

Comment: Re:Boot/init is a critical stage (Score 1) 555

by kosmosik (#48200491) Attached to: Debian's Systemd Adoption Inspires Threat of Fork

> The init process is a critical stage: failure tends to leave you with no access to
> the system to diagnose the failure.

Nowdays not really a problem. If this is a desktop system then just hook up a LiveCD with your choosen distro or an USB stick and go on from the live system. With live system images you have all the tools you need and as far as the system's storageis not damaged you can do whatever you wish. As for servers - well remote lights out, management cards, flash addons, consoles etc. you can do whatever to rescue the system. Or if you cant afford it just use serial console to the bootloader and add a failsafe recovery system partition with an image containing all the needed tools and you are ready to go. Mind that these means were used like long time ago even before systemd happened. ;) If you are thinking about disaster then get ready for it when your systems work.

> Shell scripts and plaintext log files may be primitive, but they have the advantage of being easy
> to read with minimal access and not requiring complex stuff to run

Look above - complex stuff to run is not as complex as you see it. You can easly run even an graphical desktop system to recover your system even if you wish for doing so (most live cds do so). You just need to plan it ahead.

> mainly they just require that basic binaries be available in the path

Systemd does not depend on these tiny binaries. In my opinion it is an advantage. It still needs to get unit information from somewhere (like local filesystem or fleet).

> Until I've got at least a basic system up and running enough to log in and work

This is probably the old or wrong way of doing stuff. Just boot from something else and chroot to the system and then check the problem.

> text-based tools will probably run to decipher binary logfiles

You reall don't need to decipher anything as the log files are not ciphered. You just need to open them with specialised tool (avaiable on your rescue media from which you have booted). You don't quite get why people have problem with binary log files do you? The problem is not about tools for accessing them - the main problem is if they get corrupt they are much harder to recover than plain text files.

> and modify configurations

With systemd you do not need any special binary tool to modify configuration.

> The only change I'd make is to make systemd use syslogd like everything else

But it does.

> SysV init scripts may be clunky and primitive, but they've been around a long time.


> People know how to manage them, and they've had the kinks worked out of them and
> best practices established. systemd doesn't have that.

It does. But I get what you're getting at - writing a startup script yourself. So maybe try writing systemd unit for your need yourself and then compare it to sysv. IMVHO systemd units are easier (as more simple) to write than shell scipts for sysvinit. But YMMV.

Comment: Re:An opportunity for Debian? (Score 1) 555

by kosmosik (#48200333) Attached to: Debian's Systemd Adoption Inspires Threat of Fork

> if Debian were to reverse their earlier decision and go back to sysvinit (or at least make
> systemd optional), then I think we could see many sysadmins converting their RHEL
> systems to Debian jessie

You are joking, right? The reason people use RHEL not Debian is primary because tons of commercial software built on SAP, Oracle and similar are *supported* on RHEL. That has little to do with RHEL or Debian being technically superior from each other. After all Debian and RHEL are just Linux distributions not so much different from technical standpoint you have similar technical limitations using these as both use Linux as kernel. People use RHEL because they need to have support for the apps they are running. Not because it uses this init system or other - none of RHEL admins really care about it as long as it is supported by the business apps they need to operate.

And also I don't quite get the shitstorm going on about systemd. I think compared to sysvinit it is a great step forward. And I'm a professional sysadmin administering just few Linux systems - couple of RHEL boxes (Oracle related stuff), some CentOS (for Zimbra and MariaDB which we use internally) and CoreOS with Docker and all of systemd glory mostly for my own amusement at our own webapps. All of these are systemd powered right now and I don't see any problem with that. Just works as an OS.

Oh and on home laptop, home nettop and few raspis automating stuff I use Arch Linux with systemd of course.

Comment: Re:Give it another decade - the problem will solve (Score 1) 131

by kosmosik (#48199823) Attached to: The Future of Stamps

> You can fax legal documents (...) the state of Utah (...) New York allowed (...) Australia allows it [], and anther New York [etc.]

But you are you aware that lots of other countries than USA or Austrialia exist and such even tend to have precedent or non-precedent legal systems? I know that general tendency is to go to electronic means where possible but I am quite sure that there still are and still be situations in which the new/current ways are not possible and you need to keep the old system running to support them. For example how do you deliver legal papers to inmates who cannot use email or Facebook?

> Requiring someone to buy a laser device to burn "stamps" onto envelopes and packages won't work.

This I fully agree. The idea is so stupid I don't even know how it got here to Slashdot.

Comment: Re:Give it another decade - the problem will solve (Score 1) 131

by kosmosik (#48199549) Attached to: The Future of Stamps

IDK how it is in the US but here in Poland the post is like an institution. Fe. if you have an invoice or legal paper you can send deliver it yourself, you can send it by private held company like TNT, UPS, whatever but only when you send it via Polish Post (national operator) it gets so called the power of postal stamp. Legally if you choose the right delivery type it is valid as delivery in court. Such postage is still deeply embodied in legal system and I think it has some merit. In Poland f.e. you could run a company and register its address for legal purposes as PO box in some large office complex where you just rented a PO box. In case of this special Polish Post delivery it is an obligation to the office complex administrator to deliver this postage physically as he gives the PO boxes to his clients he also has an obligation to deliver such postage.

I think Post Office isn't going anywhere and lots of people still send physical letters due to legal conditions and I don't think it is Polish only thing. Also people tend to send faxes. F.e. I was required to send signed legal papers via fax (snail mail would take longer but was also an option) when we was changing our DNS owner information due to company name change. This is silly but still it has some silly merit.

But as for the gadget in the article - laser postal stamps? It sounds quite cool but it makes no sense as in no real purpose. People who use snail mail en masse tend to have agreements with their posts to bulk send it with stamp or pre-printed stickers or pre-printed envelopes. In some countries to obtain a "stamp" to send an letter you just send an SMS to paid premium number and in reply you get a number which you just write on the envelope/card. In Poland you can get fancy stamps with your design on it etc.

(I've used to work at Polish Post IT department head office)

Optimism is the content of small men in high places. -- F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Crack Up"