Hired to build machines to search for life on Mars, he investigated biology and quickly realized that over geologic time, extremophiles such as bacteria found in hot springs or in the arctic could not survive without all the rest of life creating the free oxygen and other elements and compounds necessary for life. NASA ignored The Gaia Hypothesis completely yet that was a discovery they paid for.
It even has a little fan inside that puts out a high-pitched annoying whine after longterm use.
With prices changing every 5 minutes, seems to me the astute driver would foregoe the first surge that attracts other drivers to an area and try to be in the vacant area that receives the next surge 5 minutes later.
By the way, he isn't poking holes in anybody's approach. Everyone agrees there are three ways surge prices address scarcities. Uber says their approach worksby doing option 1 but the researcher says it works by doing option 3. It thought it was pretty clear in both the summary and the article but apparently not.
I'm so sorry you confuse explanation of facts with conspiracies.
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My analysis suggests that rather than motivating a fresh supply of drivers, surge pricing instead re-distributes drivers already on the road."
The writer goes on to analyze 4 weeks of pricing info from 5 areas in D.C. and plotted prices versus wait times. "Price surging can work in any of three ways: by reducing demand for cars (less people want a car for a higher price), by creating new supply (providing an incentive for new drivers to hit the roads), or by shifting supply (drivers) to areas of higher demand."
It moves current drivers from one side of town to the other. It does not put new drivers on the road. It can't because the prices change every 3-5 minutes.
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Actually, studies show that the higher one's intelligence, the more they hold on to their positions, even if shown to be wrong. It is the idiot, that is more readily swayed, than the genius.
That's who demagogues rely on for their support.
There are upsides and downsides to _everything_.
The smarter you are, the more that fact hits you in the face every place you look. There actually are benefits to mankind from religion, not just costs. Same with Capitalism, science and whatever pet aspect of life you completely hate or love.
Smart people don't really need to give tests to determine this (within a reasonable range).
If you can't tell how smart someone is without a test, I'll bet I can predict your own IQ test score
"What would happen if they scaled that same excavation technology down so that the tunnel was something like 2 meters in diamater for a miniature train..."
The word you're searching for is a 'mine'.
Or for smaller diameter holes, there are things called oil drills (that can be drilled sideways).
We've seen attack upon attack on various countries by the government of China. These attacks are way beyond simple con jobs for access to government servers or trade secrets. Why the hell do they have MFN status again?
Probably for the same reason the US does.
I think it depends on the employee and what they do.
People who give notice tend to be more trustworthy and responsible than those who do not give notice.
Counting anything costs money. If we're going to make people apply for something, we need to read all the damned applications. And we need to have rules for what is successful and what isn't on the application. And we need to advertise it to everybody who might be eligible. The laws about hiring contractors and putting out bids are stultifying.
But in a democracy, we make rules based on fantasy and belief implemented by immediate desire.
Let's stop this current example of fraud and abuse (one example out of 4,000 purchases) regardless of how much it costs.
That's how bureaucratic policies get implemented and ossified.
And it isn't necessarily bad. If you want "your" property rights enforced, some governmental entity someplace has to have a meticulous record of that.
The sweet spot is finding the correct amount of bureaucracy for each aspect of the job, something the article directly addresses.
It's actually odd plates on odd days, even plates on even days.
Over the long run, that's statistically unfair to the even-plated people since the odd-plated folks can drive consecutive days on
Jan 31/Feb 1 (Feb 29/Mar 1 looooong run